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Bispectral index-guided propofol sedation during endoscopic ultrasonography

Okamoto A, Kamata K, Miyata T, Yoshikawa T, Ishikawa R, Yamazaki T, Nakai A, Omoto S, Minaga K, Yamao K, Takenaka M, Chiba Y, Sakurai T, Nishida N, Kitano M, Kudo M

Background/Aims: Bispectral index (BIS) monitors process and display electroencephalographic data are used to assess the depth of anesthesia. This study retrospectively evaluated the usefulness of BIS monitoring during endoscopic ultrasonography...
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Review of remimazolam and sedatives in the intensive care unit

Choi HR, Song IA

Remimazolam is a novel intravenous ultra-short acting benzodiazepine that has the potential of being a safe and effective new sedative for use in intensive care unit (ICU) settings. Because remimazolam...
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Comparison of the effects of target-controlled infusion-remifentanil/midazolam and manual fentanyl/midazolam administration on patient parameters in dental procedures

Lobb D, Ameli N, Ortiz S, Lai H

Background: Moderate sedation is an integral part of dental care delivery. Target-controlled infusion (TCI) has the potential to improve patient safety and outcome. We compared the effects of using TCI...
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Feasibility of non-invasive recording of somatosensory evoked potential in pigs

Hoareau GL, Peters A, Hilgart D, Iversen M, Clark G, Zabriskie M, Rieke V, Floyd C, Shah L

Background: Non-invasive measurement of somatosensory-evoked potentials (SEP) in a large animal model is important to translational cognitive research. We sought to develop a methodology for neurophysiological recording via a transcranial...
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Propofol Alone versus Propofol in Combination with Midazolam for Sedative Endoscopy in Patients with Paradoxical Reactions to Midazolam

Nam JH, Jang DK, Lee JK, Kang HW, Kim BW, Jang BI, the Committees of Quality Management and Conscious Sedation of Korean Society of Gastrointestinal Endoscopy (KSGE)

Background/Aims: The efficacy of propofol in gastrointestinal endoscopy for patients with midazolam-induced paradoxical reactions remains unclarified. This study aimed to compare the efficacy and safety of propofol-based sedation in patients...
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Analysis of changes and trends in the use of sedatives in dental sedation using data from the National Health Insurance in Korea

Kim H, Ryoo SH, Karm MH, Seo KS, Hyun Jeong HJ

Background: Although dental sedation helps control anxiety and pain, side effects and serious complications related to sedation are gradually increasing. Due to the introduction of new drugs and sedation methods,...
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Risk Factors for Prolonged Hospital Stay after Endoscopy

Nishizawa T, Yoshida S, Toyoshima O, Matsuno T, Irokawa M, Arano T, Ebinuma H, Suzuki H, Kanai T, Koike K

Background/Aims: The recovery room used after endoscopy has limited capacity, and an efficient flow of the endoscopy unit is desired. We investigated the duration of hospital stay after endoscopy and...
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Procedural Sedation for Pediatric Upper Gastrointestinal Endoscopy in Korea

Lee YM, Kang B, Kim YB, Kim HJ, Lee KJ, Lee Y, Choi SY, Lee EH, Yi DY, Jang HJ, Choi YJ, Hong SJ, Kim JY, Kang Y, Kim SC

Background: Sedative upper endoscopy is similar in pediatrics and adults, but it is characteristically more likely to lead to respiratory failure. Although recommended guidelines for pediatric procedural sedation are available...
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Factors Affecting Recovery Time after Sedation for Upper Gastrointestinal Endoscopy

Jin Hj, Shin MH, Myung E

The purpose of this study was to investigate factors affecting recovery time after sedation for upper gastrointestinal endoscopy. The study population included 1310 patients in the national gastric cancer screening...
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Comparison of Fentanyl versus Meperidine in Combination with Midazolam for Sedative Colonoscopy in Korea

Hong GW, Lee JK, Lee JH, Bong JH, Choi SH, Cho H, Nam JH, Jang DK, Kang HW, Kim JH, Lim YJ, Koh MS, Lee JH

Background/Aims: Combination of midazolam and opioids is used widely for endoscopic sedation. Compared with meperidine, fentanyl is reportedly associated with rapid recovery, turnover rate of endoscopy room, and quality of...
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Efficacy and Safety of Etomidate in Comparison with Propofol or Midazolam as Sedative for Upper Gastrointestinal Endoscopy

Kim JH, Byun S, Choi YJ, Kwon HJ, Jung K, Kim SE, Park MI, Moon W, Park SJ

Background/Aims: In this study, we compared the efficacy and safety of etomidate with those of propofol or midazolam for the maintenance of sedation during endoscopy. Methods: The study enrolled patients who...
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Lack of recall after sedation for cataract surgery and its effect on the validity of measuring patient satisfaction

Chadha RM, Dexter F, Brull SJ

Background: We evaluated the validity of assessing patient satisfaction with the sedation regimen among patients being discharged 45 min after receiving midazolam. If most patients do not have recall, then...
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Effects of various methods of dexmedetomidine administration for sedation in elderly patients undergoing spinal anesthesia: a randomized controlled study

Jeong J, Jin SH, Kim DY, Cho S, Lee H, Han JI

Background: The purpose of this study was to investigate the degree of sedation and the incidence of adverse effects resulting from various methods of administering the initial dose followed by...
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Performing High-resolution Impedance Manometry After Endoscopy With Conscious Sedation Has Negligible Effects on Esophageal Motility Results

Su H, Carlson DA, Donnan E, Kou W, Prescott J, Decorrevont A, Shilati F, Masihi M, Pandolfino JE

  • KMID: 2504003
  • J Neurogastroenterol Motil.
  • 2020 Jul;26(3):352-361.
  • doi: 10.5056/jnm20006
Background/Aims High-resolution manometry (HRM) performed without sedation is the standard procedure. However, some patients cannot tolerate transnasal placement of the manometry catheter. We aim to assess the practice of performing...
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Midazolam use in pediatric dentistry: a review

Jain SA, Rathi N, Thosar N, Baliga S

Behaviour management and dental procedures performed in very young, pre-cooperative, highly anxious, or medically disabled children are challenging tasks. Various drugs and methods have, however, been introduced to facilitate treatment...
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The effect of dexmedetomidine and midazolam on combined spinal-epidural anesthesia in patients undergoing total knee arthroplasty

Choi YM, Choi EJ, Ri HS, Park JY, You JA, Byeon GJ

Background: Intravenous dexmedetomidine has been reported to potentiate the anesthetic effect of local anesthetics and improve the quality of postoperative analgesia when used as an adjuvant in neuraxial block. We...
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Using Etomidate and Midazolam for Screening Colonoscopies Results in More Stable Hemodynamic Responses in Patients of All Ages

Lee JM, Min G, Keum B, Lee JM, Kim SH, Choi HS, Kim ES, Seo YS, Jeen YT, Chun HJ, Lee HS, Um SH, Kim CD

BACKGROUND/AIMS: Recent studies have demonstrated that etomidate is a safe sedative drug with noninferior sedative effects. In our recent study, we revealed that etomidate/midazolam was more hemodynamically stable than propofol/midazolam...
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Adverse events of conscious sedation using midazolam for gastrointestinal endoscopy

Jun J, Han JI, Choi AL, Kim YJ, Lee JW, Kim DY, Lee M

BACKGROUND: This study was conducted to identify the types and incidence of adverse events associated with midazolam, which is the most widely used drug to induce conscious sedation during gastrointestinal...
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A Trend of Treatment in Department of Pediatric Dentistry for 10 Years

Kim H, Kim J

The purpose of this study is to analyze the changes in patient distribution and practice pattern resulted from changes of socioeconomic circumstances. From January 2008 to December 2017, information about...
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Propofol with and without Midazolam for Diagnostic Upper Gastrointestinal Endoscopies in Children

Akbulut UE, Kartal S, Dogan U, Akcali GE, Kalayci S, Kirci H

PURPOSE: Various publications on the use of sedation and anesthesia for diagnostic procedures in children have demonstrated that no ideal agent is available. Although propofol has been widely used for...
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