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Eosinophil and Mast Cell Counts in the Stomach and Duodenum of Patients with Functional Dyspepsia without a Helicobacter pylori infection

Min YW, Lee H, Ahn S, Song KH, Park JK, Shin CM, Huh KC, Functional Dyspepsia Study Group Under the Korean Society of Neurogastroenterology and Motility

Background/Aims: Symptom-based subtyping of functional dyspepsia (FD) is used to segregate patients into groups with homogenous pathophysiological mechanisms. This study examined whether subtyping could reflect the duodenal and gastric microinflammation...
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Incidentally Diagnosed Duodenal Web in Infancy

Kim SY, Kim SY, Han BH, Han BH, Park KY, Park KY, Namgoong JM, Namgoong JM, Woo DH, Woo DH

A duodenal web is an incomplete diaphragm of the duodenal lumen that causes a partial or (intermittent) complete obstruction. The size of a duodenal web’s aperture determines the degree of...
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Endoscopic internal drainage with double pigtail stents for upper gastrointestinal anastomotic leaks: suitable for all cases?

Toh BC, Chong J, Yeung BP, Lim CH, Lim EK, Chan WH, Tan JT

Background/Aims: Surgeons and endoscopists have started to use endoscopically inserted double pigtail stents (DPTs) in the management of upper gastrointestinal (UGI) leaks, including UGI anastomotic leaks. We investigated our own...
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Pathophysiology of enteropathogenic Escherichia coli during a host infection

Lee JB, Kim SK, Yoon JW

Enteropathogenic Escherichia coli (EPEC) is a major cause of infantile diarrhea in developing countries. However, sporadic outbreaks caused by this microorganism in developed countries are frequently reported recently. As an...
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Upper gastrointestinal tract involvement of Crohn disease: clinical implications in children and adolescents

Kim ES, Kim MJ

Crohn disease (CD) is a multifactorial inflammatory disorder that can affect all segments of the gastrointestinal (GI) tract but typically involves the ileum and/or colon. To assess patient prognosis and...
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Acute primary gastric volvulus occurring after overeating in a 12-year-old girl

Chung YS

Gastric volvulus is a rare cause of recurrent abdominal pain or vomiting. This report presents a case of a 12-year-old girl with acute gastric volvulus and 2-hour history of epigastric...
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A Fatal Case of Disseminated Intestinal Mucormycosis in a Patient with Vibrio Sepsis

Chung S, Sung HJ, Chang JW, Hur I, Kim HC

Mucormycosis is a fungal infection that primarily causes opportunistic infections. Gastrointestinal mucormycosis is a rare infection that can occur in immunocompromised patients, nevertheless, prompt diagnosis and treatment is essential because...
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Improved motility in the gastrointestinal tract of a postoperative ileus rat model with ilaprazole

Kim GM, Sohn HJ, Choi WS, Sohn UD

Postoperative ileus (POI), a symptom that occurs after abdominal surgery, reduces gastrointestinal motility. Although its mechanism is unclear, POI symptoms are known to be caused by inflammation 6 to 72...
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Reliability and validity of the Korean version of the University of California–Los Angeles Scleroderma Clinical Trial Consortium Gastrointestinal Tract instrument in patients with systemic sclerosis

Lee TH, Lee JS, Park S, Lee KA, Kim HS

Background/Aims: Systemic sclerosis (SSc) is associated with a wide range of gastrointestinal (GI) changes. The University of California–Los Angeles Scleroderma Clinical Trial Consortium Gastrointestinal Tract (UCLA SCTC GIT 2.0) instrument...
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Hydroxyurea associated ileocecal valve ulcer: evidence for causality

Jayaraman T, Rajaram RB, Gan GG, Hilmi I

Hydroxyurea is an antimetabolite drug that is commonly used in many hematological disorders. Ulcer formation in the gastrointestinal tract is a rare phenomenon associated with this drug. We report a...
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Reduced Intravenous Fluorescein Dose for Upper and Lower Gastrointestinal Tract Probe-Based Confocal Laser Endomicroscopy

Inoki K, Abe S, Tanaka Y, Yamamoto K, Hihara D, Ichijima R, Nakatani Y, Chen H, Takamaru H, Sekiguchi M, Yamada M, Sakamoto T, Nonaka S, Suzuki H, Yoshinaga S, Oda I, Matsuda T, Saito Y

Background/Aims: Probe-based confocal laser endomicroscopy (pCLE) requires the administration of intravenous (IV) fluorescein. This study aimed to determine the optimal dose of IV fluorescein for both upper and lower gastrointestinal...
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Recent Insights into Cellular Crosstalk in Respiratory and Gastrointestinal Mucosal Immune Systems

Kim SH, Jang YS

The human body is continuously threatened by pathogens, and the immune system must maintain a balance between fighting infection and becoming over-activated. Mucosal surfaces cover several anatomically diverse organs throughout...
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Geriatric Physiology for Surgical Intensivists: Part I

Ha TS

The elderly population experiences a normal, age-related decline of physiological function in all major organ systems. The age-related changes in lung structure include decreases in chest wall compliance, respiratory muscle...
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A New Health Care Policy in Korea Part 2: Expansion of Coverage by National Health Insurance on the Abdominal Ultrasound and MRI

Jang MJ, Park SJ

Coverage by National Health Insurance (NHI) was expanded in the abdominal imaging area as follows: upper abdominal ultrasound on April 1, 2018, lower abdominal ultrasound on February 1, 2019, and...
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Effect of probiotics Lactobacillus paracasei GKS6, L. plantarum GKM3, and L. rhamnosus GKLC1 on alleviating alcohol-induced alcoholic liver disease in a mouse model

Tsai YS, Lin SW, Chen YL, Chen CC

BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Heavy alcohol consumption causes the development of alcoholic liver disease (ALD), a neglected but important public health problem. Many studies have pointed out that probiotics could improve gut health,...
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Clinical Characteristics and Postoperative Outcomes of Patients Presenting With Upper Gastrointestinal Tract Crohn Disease

Moon JS, Lee JL, Yu CS, Lim SB, Park IJ, Yoon YS, Kim CW, Yang SK, Ye BD, Park SH, Alsaleem HA, Kim JC

Purpose: Upper gastrointestinal (GI) tract involvement in Crohn disease (CD) is rare and effectiveness of surgical treatment is limited. The aim of this study was to evaluate characteristics and surgical...
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Current Research Status of Irreversible Electroporation for Hollow Viscus Organ of Gastrointestinal Tract

Keum B, Choi HS, Jeon HJ

  • KMID: 2503588
  • J Dig Cancer Res.
  • 2020 Jun;8(1):61-64.
Ablative therapy has drawn attention for cancer treatment as minimally invasive therapy. Recently, irreversible electroporation which has a different concept from the existing ablation method has emerged. Although gastrointestinal tract...
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Sex Differences in Gut Microbiota

Kim YS, Unno T, Kim BY, Park MS

Humans carry numerous symbiotic microorganisms in their body, most of which are present in the gut. Although recent technological advances have produced extensive research data on gut microbiota, there are...
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Frequency and intensity of gastrointestinal symptoms in exercisers individuals at rest and during physical exercise: an internet-based survey

de Lira CA, Viana RB, Mesquista , Santos DD, Campos MH, Andrade MS, Vancini RL

BACKGROUND/AIMS: Despite the evidence of a modest to high prevalence of gastrointestinal (GI) symptoms in recreational runners and endurance athletes, the frequency and intensity of GI symptoms in exercisers, but...
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Five-fold Gastrointestinal Electrical Stimulation With Electromyography-based Activity Analysis: Towards Multilocular Theranostic Intestinal Implants

Schiemer J, Heimann A, Somerlik-Fuchs KH, Ruff R, Hoffmann K, Baumgart J, Berres M, Lang H, Kneist W

  • KMID: 2454644
  • J Neurogastroenterol Motil.
  • 2019 Jul;25(3):461-470.
  • doi: 10.5056/jnm19045
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Motility disorders are common and may affect the entire gastrointestinal (GI) tract but current treatment is limited. Multilocular sensing of GI electrical activity and variable electrical stimulation (ES) is...
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