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Bile Acid and Gut Microbiota in Irritable Bowel Syndrome

Min YW, Rezaie A, Pimentel M

  • KMID: 2534314
  • J Neurogastroenterol Motil.
  • 2022 Oct;28(4):549-561.
  • doi: 10.5056/jnm22129
Gut microbiota and their metabolites like bile acid (BA) have been investigated as causes of irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) symptoms. Primary BAs are synthesized and conjugated in the liver and released...
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Dynamics of bacterial communities in vaginas and feces between pre and postpartum of dairy cows

Son JK, Kim DH, Lee J, Kim SB, Park BY, Kim M, Lee S, Hur TY, Kim ET

The reproductive tracts have an intimate relationship with reproduction because there are bacterial communities that can affect reproductive health. The differences in the bacterial community of periparturient dairy cows were...
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Comprehensive Analysis of the Effect of Probiotic Intake by the Mother on Human Breast Milk and Infant Fecal Microbiota

Shin DY, Park J, Yi DY

Background: Human breast milk (HBM) contains optimal nutrients for infant growth. Probiotics are used to prevent disease and, when taken by the mother, they may affect infant microbiome as well as...
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Real Time Versus Photographic Assessment of Stool Consistency Using the Brussels Infant and Toddler Stool Scale: Are They Telling Us the Same?

Aman BA, Levy EI, Hofman B, Vandenplas Y, Huysentruyt K

Purpose: Digital communication is becoming increasingly important in clinical practice and research. The finding that stool consistency can be evaluated similarly using either “in vivo” or photographic material by health...
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Parent Perspectives of Diagnostic and Monitoring Tests Undertaken by Their Child with Inflammatory Bowel Disease

Chung Ho SS, Keenan JI, Stewart Day A

Purpose: To assess parent perspectives of the current and potential future tests for their child with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). Methods: New Zealand parents of a child with IBD were invited...
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Splenic myxoid liposarcoma in a dog

Go DM, Woo SH, Cheon D, Kim J, Oh YI, Kim DY

A 7-year-old Maltese was presented to a veterinary clinic for a history of anorexia, soft feces, and anemia. During abdominal sonography and computed tomography imaging, splenic mass was suspected. Laparotomy...
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Copro-molecular diagnosis of the Toxoplasmatinae subfamily in dog and cat populations in northern Iran

Izadi L, Sarvi S, Hosseini SA, Amouei A, Sharif M, Rahimi MT, Nayeri T, Daryani A

OBJECTIVES: The oocysts of the Toxoplasmatinae subfamily (Neospora caninum, Hammondia hammondi and H. heydorni, and Besnoitia besnoiti) are morphologically similar to Toxoplasma gondii, and indistinguishable from each other. This study...
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Is stool frequency associated with the richness and community composition of gut microbiota?

Kwon HJ, Lim JH, Kang D, Lim S, Park SJ, Kim JH

BACKGROUND/AIMS: Recently, a number of studies have reported that the gut microbiota could contribute to human conditions, including obesity, inflammation, cancer development, and behavior. We hypothesized that the composition and...
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Analysis of Syndecan-2 Methylation in Bowel Lavage Fluid for the Detection of Colorectal Neoplasm

Park YS, Kim DS, Cho SW, Park JW, Jeon SJ, Moon TJ, Kim SH, Son BK, Oh TJ, An S, Kim JH, Chae JD

BACKGROUND/AIMS: Syndecan-2 (SDC2) methylation was previously reported as a sensitive serologic biomarker for the early detection of colorectal cancer (CRC). The purpose of this study was to investigate whether SDC2...
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Detection of hepatitis E virus genotypes 3 and 4 in pig farms in Korea

Kim YH, Park BJ, Ahn HS, Han SH, Go HJ, Kim DH, Lee JB, Park SY, Song CS, Lee SW, Choi IS

Zoonotic transmission of hepatitis E virus (HEV) is mostly mediated by HEV-3 and HEV-4 genotypes, and domestic pigs are an important reservoir of these genotypes. A survey of 14 pig...
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Is methylation analysis of SFRP2, TFPI2, NDRG4, and BMP3 promoters suitable for colorectal cancer screening in the Korean population?

Park SK, Baek HL, Yu J, Kim JY, Yang HJ, Jung YS, Choi KY, Kim H, Kim HO, Jeong KU, Chun HK, Kim K, Park DI

BACKGROUND/AIMS: Colorectal cancer (CRC) screening using stool DNA was recently found to yield good detection rates. A multi-target stool DNA test (Cologuard®, Exact Sciences), including methylated genes has been recently...
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Characterization of Lactobacillus reuteri BCLR-42 and Lactobacillus plantarum BCLP-51 as novel dog probiotics with innate immune enhancing properties

Kim EJ, Kang YI, Bang TI, Lee MH, Lee SW, Choi IS, Song CS, Lee JB, Park SY

Probiotics that are able to provide beneficial effects on animal health have become important ingredients of dog foods. This study was conducted to characterize the probiotic potentials of two strains,...
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Cross-Reactivity of Porcine Immunoglobulin A Antibodies with Fecal Immunoglobulins of Wild Boar (Sus scrofa) and Other Animal Species

Seo SW, Yoo SJ, Sunwoo S, Hyun BH, Lyoo YS

Fecal samples obtained from wild boar habitats are useful for the surveillance of diseases in wild boar populations; however, it is difficult to determine the species of origin of feces...
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Detection of Rotavirus Genotypes in Korea 5 Years after the Introduction of Rotavirus Vaccines

Chung JY, Kim MS, Jung TW, Kim SJ, Kang JH, Han SB, Kim SY, Rhim JW, Kim HM, Park JH, Jo DS, Ma SH, Jeong HS, Cheon DS, Kim JH

Rotavirus (RV) is one of the most important viral etiologic agents of acute gastroenteritis (AGE) in children. Although effective RV vaccines (RVVs) are now used worldwide, novel genotypes and outbreaks...
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Ileal Fecaloma Presenting with Small Bowel Obstruction

Yoo HY, Park HW, Chang SH, Bae SH

A fecaloma refers to a mass of accumulated feces that is much harder than a mass associated with fecal impaction. Fecalomas are usually found in the rectosigmoid area. A 10-year-old...
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Internal Amplification Control for a Cryptosporidium Diagnostic PCR: Construction and Clinical Evaluation

Hawash Y, Ghonaim MM, Al-Hazmi A

Various constituents in clinical specimens, particularly feces, can inhibit the PCR assay and lead to false-negative results. To ensure that negative results of a diagnostic PCR assay are true, it...
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Comparison of antibiotic resistance profiles for Escherichia coli isolated from wild boar and domestic pig fecal samples

Yoo SJ, Sunwoo SY, Seo SW, Lyoo YS

Increasing presence of wild boar around cities and suburban areas is a growing concern with respect to agronomy, environmental ecology, and public safety. In this study, antibiotic resistance profiles of...
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DNA Extraction from Protozoan Oocysts/Cysts in Feces for Diagnostic PCR

Hawash Y

  • KMID: 1792180
  • Korean J Parasitol.
  • 2014 Jun;52(3):263-271.
PCR detection of intestinal protozoa is often restrained by a poor DNA recovery or by inhibitors present in feces. The need for an extraction protocol that can overcome these obstacles...
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Effective DNA extraction method to improve detection of Mycobacterium avium subsp. paratuberculosis in bovine feces

Park HT, Shin MK, Sung KY, Park HE, Cho YI, Yoo HS

  • KMID: 1700792
  • Korean J Vet Res.
  • 2014 Mar;54(1):55-57.
Paratuberculosis caused by Mycobacterium avium subsp. paratuberculosis (MAP) has extended latent periods of infection. Due to this property, difficulties in the detection of fecal shedder have been raised. A newly...
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Modified Formalin-Ether Concentration Technique for Diagnosis of Human Strongyloidiasis

Anamnart W, Intapan PM, Maleewong

We compared the efficacy and applicability of a modified formalin-ether concentration technique (M-FECT) to the conventional FECT (C-FECT) and the agar plate culture (APC) method for the detection of Strongyloides...
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