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The Association between Behavioral Risk Factors and Nontuberculous Mycobacterial Pulmonary Disease

Park Y, Kwak SH, Yong SH, Lee SH, Leem AY, Kim SY, Lee SH, Chung K, Kim EY, Jung JY, Park MS, Kim YS, Chang J, Kang YA

Purpose: We aimed to determine the relationship between environmental exposure and nontuberculous mycobacterial pulmonary disease (NTM-PD) in Korea. Materials and Methods: A group of 150 patients with NTM-PD and a control...
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Environmental Risk Factors for Progressive Supranuclear Palsy

Park HK, Ilango SD, Litvan I

Typically, progressive supranuclear palsy (PSP) is clinically characterized by slow vertical saccades or supranuclear gaze palsy, levodopa-resistant parkinsonism with predominant axial symptoms, and cognitive executive impairment. Over the past decades,...
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Environment and lung diseases

Kim WJ

Genetic and environmental risk factors influence the development of respiratory diseases. While cigarette smoking is a personal risk factor, ambient air pollution and chemicals such as asbestos are major environmental...
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Birth cohort effects on maternal and child environmental health: a systematic review

Chae J, Kim HK

Purpose: This study aimed to review recent findings from birth cohort studies on maternal and child environmental health. Methods: Birth cohort studies regarding environmental health outcomes for mothers and their children...
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Can Habitual Exercise Help Reduce Serum Concentrations of Lipophilic Chemical Mixtures? Association between Physical Activity and Persistent Organic Pollutants

Lee YM, Shin JY, Kim SA, Jacobs DR, Lee DH

Background Low-dose persistent organic pollutants (POPs), especially organochlorine pesticides (OCPs), have emerged as a new risk factor of many chronic diseases. As serum concentrations of POPs in humans are mainly determined...
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Associated Factors for Asthma Severity in Korean Children: A Korean Childhood Asthma Study

Lee E, Song DJ, Kim WK, Suh DI, Baek HS, Shin M, Yoo Y, Kim JT, Kwon JW, Jang GC, Lim DH, Yang HJ, Kim HS, Seo JH, Woo SI, Kim HY, Shin YH, Lee JS, Yoon J, Jung S, Han M, Eom E, Yu J

PURPOSE: Childhood asthma has a considerable social impact and economic burden, especially in severe asthma. This study aimed to identify the proportion of childhood asthma severity and to evaluate associated...
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Association between Environmental Factors in Home and Behavioral Problems in Children with Allergic Diseases: Based on 2015 Panel Study of Korean Children Survey

Son M, Ji E

PURPOSE: This study aimed to investigate the association between indoor environmental exposures and behavioral problems in children with allergic diseases. METHODS: We used data from 2015 Panel Study of Korean Children...
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Continued loss of asthma control following epidemic thunderstorm asthma

Foo CT, Yee EL, Young A, Denton E, Hew M, O'Hehir RE, Radhakrishna N, Matthews S, Conron M, Harun NS, Lachapelle P, Douglass J, Irving L, Lee J, Stevenson , McDonald C, Langton D, Banks C, Thien F

BACKGROUND: Epidemic thunderstorm asthma (ETSA) severely affected Melbourne, Australia in November 2016. There is scant literature on the natural history of individuals affected by ETSA. OBJECTIVE: A multicentre 12-month prospective observational...
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Mitochondrial Toxins and Healthy Lifestyle Meet at the Crossroad of Hormesis

Lee YM, Lee DH

Mitochondrial function is crucial for the maintenance of cellular homeostasis under physiological and stress conditions. Thus, chronic exposure to environmental chemicals that affect mitochondrial function can have harmful effects on...
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Residential NOâ‚‚ exposure is associated with urgent healthcare use in a thunderstorm asthma cohort

Lai VW, Bowatte G, Knibbs LD, Rangamuwa , Young A, Dharmage S, Thien F

BACKGROUND: There is increasing interest in the role of traffic-related air pollution (TRAP) in allergic airway diseases. Few studies investigate the relationship between TRAP exposure and acute exacerbations of asthma. OBJECTIVE:...
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Environmental and Body Concentrations of Heavy Metals at Sites Near and Distant from Industrial Complexes in Ulsan, Korea

Sung JH, Oh I, Kim A, Lee J, Sim CS, Yoo C, Park SJ, Kim GB, Kim Y

BACKGROUND: Industrial pollution may affect the heavy metal body burden of people living near industrial complexes. We determined the average concentrations of atmospheric heavy metals in areas close to and...
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Particulate Matter (Fine Particle) and Urologic Diseases

Kim EA

Particulate matter (PM) has been found to damage vital body organs, including the lungs and heart, through vascular damage and oxidative stress. Recently, renal function and chronic urologic diseases have...
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A Retrospective Mid- and Long-term Follow-up Study on the Changes in Hematologic Parameters in the Highly Exposed Residents of the Hebei Spirit Oil Spill in Taean, South Korea

Choi YH, Hong JY, Lee MS

OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to analyze changes in hematologic parameters in the residents of the areas highly contaminated by the Hebei Spirit Oil Spill in 2007 and those who participated...
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Levels of blood lead and urinary cadmium in industrial complex residents in Ulsan

Kim SH, Kim YH, An HC, Sung JH, Sim CS

BACKGROUND: Populations neighboring industrial complexes are at an increased health risk, due to constant exposure to various potentially hazardous compounds released during industrial production activity. Although there are many previous...
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Causal inference in environmental epidemiology

Bae S, Kim HC, Ye B, Choi WJ, Hong YS, Ha M

Inferring causality is necessary to achieve the goal of epidemiology, which is to elucidate the cause of disease. Causal inference is conducted in three steps: evaluation of validity of the...
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Environmental Exposure to Arsenic, Lead, and Cadmium in People Living near Janghang Copper Smelter in Korea

Kim YD, Eom SY, Yim DH, Kim IS, Won HK, Park CH, Kim GB, Yu SD, Choi BS, Park JD, Kim H

Concentrations of heavy metals exceed safety thresholds in the soil near Janghang Copper Refinery, a smelter in Korea that operated from 1936 to 1989. This study was conducted to evaluate...
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CT Findings in People Who Were Environmentally Exposed to Asbestos in Korea

Lee EK, Kim JS, Kim Y, Park JS

Asbestos related pleuropulmonary disease has been emerging health problem for recent years. It can cause variable clinical symptoms and radiological abnormalities. However, there has been no report for their characteristics...
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Urinary concentration of 3-phenoxybenzoic acid in elementary students in South Korea

Jo HM, Ha M, Lee WJ

OBJECTIVES: Pyrethroid pesticides are among the most commonly using insecticides in South Korean households and have been the subject of considerable interest among public health professionals for their potential health...
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Allergic Diseases and Multiple Chemical Sensitivity in Korean Adults

Jeong I, Kim I, Park HJ, Roh J, Park JW, Lee JH

PURPOSE: Multiple chemical sensitivity (MCS) is a clinical syndrome representing multi-organ and psychological symptoms caused by chronic exposure to various chemicals in low concentrations. We evaluated the prevalence and related...
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Influence of Environmental Exposures on Patients with Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease in Korea

Hong Y, Lim MN, Kim WJ, Rhee CK, Yoo KH, Lee JH, Yoon HI, Kim TH, Lee JH, Lim SY, Lee SD, Oh YM

BACKGROUND: Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is characterized by airflow limitation and results from environmental factors and genetic factors. Although cigarette smoking is a major risk factor, other environmental exposures...
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