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The Association between HbA1c and the Biological Exposure Index for Heavy Metals in Community

Min YS, Lee K

Objectives: The prevalence of diabetes mellitus was approximately 16% in populations of over age 30 years, and deaths from diabetes mellitus became the sixth most prevalent cause of death by...
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N-Acetyl cysteine mitigates histopathological changes and inflammatory genes expressions in the liver of cadmium exposed rats

Aala J, Harchegani AB, Monsef HA, Mohsenifar Z, Ebrahimi P, Parvizi MR

This study aimed to consider the expression of Nrf2, NLRP3 and caspase 1 genes, as well as oxidative stress, and the protective role of N-acetyl cysteine (NAC) in the liver...
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Effect on blood heavy metal concentration in gas poisoning by combustion of ignition coal: Pilot study

Lee SH, Lee J, Cho Y, Ko BS, Oh J, Kang H

Purpose: It is known that the most common cause of gas poisoning in Korea is suicide attempts by burning ignition coals. Ignition coals are made from waste wood, and studies...
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Association Between Cadmium Exposure and Liver Function in Adults in the United States: A Cross-sectional Study

Hong D, Min JY, Min KB

Objectives: Cadmium is widely used, leading to extensive environmental and occupational exposure. Unlike other organs, for which the harmful and carcinogenic effects of cadmium have been established, the hepatotoxicity of...
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Transcriptome Analysis and Expression Profiling of Molecular Responses to Cd Toxicity in Morchella spongiola

Hongyan X, Zhanling X, Hongchen J, Jing G, Qing M, Yuan Z, Xiaofang W

Morchella is a genus of fungi with the ability to concentrate Cd both in the fruit-body and mycelium. However, the molecular mechanisms conferring resistance to Cd stress in Morchella are...
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Effects of cadmium on the behavior and regeneration of Dugesia japonica

Kim YJ, Kim YH, Adikari AADI, So J, Yi YJ, Lee SM

This study was undertaken to evaluate the toxic effect of cadmium sulfate (Cds) on planarians (Dugesia japonica), and the suitability of planarians as an alternative animal model for toxicity studies....
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Developmental toxicity of cadmium in infants and children: a review

Chandravanshi L, Shiv K, Kumar S

Several millions of people are exposed to cadmium worldwide due to natural and anthropogenic activities that led to their widespread distribution in the environment and have shown potential adverse effects...
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Comparison of the deleterious effects of yaji and cadmium chloride on testicular physiomorphological and oxidative stress status: The gonadoprotective effects of an omega-3 fatty acid

Ekhoye EI, Olerimi SE, Ehebha SE

Objective This study investigated testicular oxidative stress status and physiomorphological function in Wistar rats fed with yaji and cadmium chloride (CdCl2). Methods: Sixty male albino Wistar rats (12 per group) were...
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Chronic Cadmium Intoxication and Renal Injury Among Workers of a Small-scale Silver Soldering Company

Choi WJ, Kang SK, Ham S, Chung W, Kim AJ, Kang M

Background: Cadmium exposure may induce chronic intoxication with renal damage. Silver soldering may be a source of cadmium exposure. Methods: We analyzed working environment measurement data and periodic health screening data...
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Risk Assessment of Lead and Cadmium in Drinking Water for School use in Nakhon Si Thammarat Province, Thailand

Decharat S, Pan-in P

This research aimed to evaluate children’s health risk based on the concentration of lead (Pb) and cadmium (Cd) in the drinking water used by 44 primary schools. Samples were collected...
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The Effect of Prenatal Cadmium Exposure on Attention-deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder in 6-Year-old Children in Korea

Kim W, Jang Y, Lim YH, Kim BN, Shin CH, Lee YA, Kim JI, Hong YC

Objectives: Prenatal cadmium (Cd) exposure may be associated with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) in children. Therefore, the objective of this study was to examine the relationship between Cd exposure during gestation...
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Cigarette Smoking in Men and Women and Electronic Cigarette Smoking in Men are Associated with Higher Risk of Elevated Cadmium Level in the Blood

Lee JW, Kim Y, Kim Y, Yoo H, Kang HT

BACKGROUND: We investigated the association between blood concentration of cadmium and smoking status including use of electronic cigarettes (E-cigars). METHODS: We used data from the Korea National Health and Nutritional Survey...
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Serum Cadmium Level Is Positively Associated with Unruptured Intracranial Aneurysm Incidence

Yoon BN, Lee JB, Jin GH, Kim WY

BACKGROUND: Cadmium is a toxic element in cigarette smoke associated with ischemic vascular disease. Its association with cerebral aneurysm is unknown. METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed the medical records of patients with...
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Association between cadmium exposure and hearing impairment: a population-based study in Korean adults

Jung DJ

BACKGROUND: The present study aimed to evaluate the clinical association between cadmium exposure and hearing impairment among the Korean population. METHODS: This retrospective cross-sectional study used the data obtained from the...
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The effects of exposure to lead, cadmium and mercury on follicle-stimulating hormone levels in men and postmenopausal women: data from the Second Korean National Environmental Health Survey (2012–2014)

Lee TW, Kim DH, Ryu JY

BACKGROUND: Follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH), a gonadotropin secreted by the pituitary gland, is a representative secondary sex hormone and an important indicator of reproductive function. The effects of heavy metals such...
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Associations between socioeconomic status and blood cadmium levels in Korea

Jee Y, Cho SI

OBJECTIVES: Although smoking is associated with both low socioeconomic status and blood cadmium (Cd) levels, the association between socioeconomic status and Cd levels remains unclear. Therefore, our study aimed to...
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Association of Blood Pressure with Blood Lead and Cadmium Levels in Korean Adolescents: Analysis of Data from the 2010–2016 Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey

Ahn J, Kim NS, Lee BK, Park J, Kim Y

BACKGROUND: We evaluated the association of blood pressure (BP) with blood levels of cadmium, lead, and cadmium and lead together (cadmium + lead) in a representative sample of adolescents from...
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Association between cadmium and anti-Mullerian hormone in premenopausal women at particular ages

Lee YM, Chung HW, Jeong K, Sung YA, Lee H, Ye S, Ha EH

BACKGROUND: Anti-Mullerian hormone (AMH) in women is secreted by granulosa cells of antral follicles. AMH appears to be a very stable marker for ovarian function. It may be used to...
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Environmental exposure of heavy metal (lead and cadmium) and hearing loss: data from the Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (KNHANES 2010–2013)

Kang GH, Uhm JY, Choi YG, Kang EK, Kim SY, Choo WO, Chang SS

BACKGROUND: Lead and cadmium have been identified as risk factors for hearing loss in animal studies, but large-scale studies targeting the general human population are rare. This study was conducted...
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Environmental and Body Concentrations of Heavy Metals at Sites Near and Distant from Industrial Complexes in Ulsan, Korea

Sung JH, Oh I, Kim A, Lee J, Sim CS, Yoo C, Park SJ, Kim GB, Kim Y

BACKGROUND: Industrial pollution may affect the heavy metal body burden of people living near industrial complexes. We determined the average concentrations of atmospheric heavy metals in areas close to and...
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