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Occurrence of infections in schoolchildren subsequent to supplementation with vitamin D-calcium or zinc: a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial

Mandlik R, Mughal Z, Khadilkar , Chiplonkar S, Ekbote V, Kajale N, Patwardhan V, Padidela R, Khadilkar

BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Vitamin D and zinc are recognized for their roles in immune-modulation, and their deficiencies are suggested to be important risk factors for childhood infections. This study, therefore, undertook to...
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Vitamin D and Male Fertility: An Updated Review

Cito G, Cocci A, Micelli E, Gabutti A, Russo GI, Coccia ME, Franco G, Serni S, Carini M, Natali A

To date, the key role of vitamin D in male reproductive system has been suggested, since the expression of vitamin D receptors and metabolizing enzymes was demonstrated in the testis...
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Vitamin D Deficiency at Mid-Pregnancy Is Associated with a Higher Risk of Postpartum Glucose Intolerance in Women with Gestational Diabetes Mellitus

Kim KS, Park SW, Cho YW, Kim SK

BACKGROUND: To evaluate the association between serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25(OH)D) at mid-pregnancy and postpartum glucose intolerance in women with gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM). METHODS: We enrolled 348 pregnant women diagnosed with...
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Can Current Recommendations on Sun Exposure Sufficiently Increase Serum Vitamin D Level?: One-Month Randomized Clinical Trial

Lee YM, Kim SA, Lee DH

BACKGROUND: Lack of sunlight exposure is the primary reason for the worldwide epidemic of vitamin D deficiency. Although recommended sunlight exposure guidelines exist, there is no evidence regarding whether current...
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1,25-dihydroxy Vitamin D3 and Interleukin-6 Blockade Synergistically Regulate Rheumatoid Arthritis by Suppressing Interleukin-17 Production and Osteoclastogenesis

Kim H, Baek S, Hong SM, Lee J, Jung SM, Lee J, Cho ML, Kwok SK, Park SH

BACKGROUND: Immune cells express the vitamin (vit) D receptor, and vit D is a potent immune-modulator. A negative correlation between serum vit D levels and rheumatoid arthritis (RA) disease activity...
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Association of vitamin D deficiency with clinical outcomes in critically ill Korean children

Jhang WK, Kim DH, Park SJ

BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Vitamin D is a pleiotropic hormone that affects various body organ systems. We evaluated the prevalence of a vitamin D deficiency (VDD) and its potential role in the clinical...
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An Empirical Study on the Effect of Short-Term Regular Vitamin D3 Supplement Therapy on Blood Pressure and Exercise Tolerance in Heart Failure Patients

Hosseinzadeh F, Oskouei NJ, Ghavamzadeh S

The receptor of vitamin D is expressed in almost all body cells, including vascular endothelial cells and cardiomyocytes. Vitamin D deficiency has been observed widespread amongst heart failure (HF) patients,...
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Effect of Vitamin D on Bone Mineral Density Changes in Patients with Breast Cancer Receiving Adjuvant Aromatase Inhibitor Therapy

Park SH, Kim EY, Park CH

PURPOSE: We assessed bone mineral density (BMD) changes with aromatase inhibitor (AI) treatment in women with breast cancer and determined whether BMD T-scores changed with vitamin D supplementation. METHODS: This single-center,...
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Systematic Review of Vitamin B12 Regimen for Patient with Subacute Combined Degeneration of the Spinal Cord Following Nitrous Oxide Abuse

Chung JS, Choa MH, Chung SP, Park IC

PURPOSE: The purpose of this study is to evaluate the effectiveness of vitamin B12 treatment in subacute combined degeneration (SCD) caused by nitrous oxide (Nâ‚‚O) abuse. METHODS: Relevant literature was accessed...
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Effect of Commercial Effervescent Vitamin Tablets on Bovine Enamel

Jeong MJ, Lee MH, Jeong SJ, Kim SJ, Ko MJ, Sim HW, Lee JY, Im AJ, Lim DS

BACKGROUND: In this study, four types of effervescent vitamins marketed in Korea were analyzed for their acidity and vitamin content. For this purpose, bovine teeth were immersed in vitamin, and...
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Association between High-Density Lipoprotein Cholesterol and Vitamin D Levels in Adult Men in the Fifth Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey

Jung IK

BACKGROUND: Patients with metabolic syndrome had low high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C) levels. Moreover, vitamin D deficiency is also related to metabolic syndrome. This study aimed to investigate the association between...
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Effect of Vitamin D on the Vaginal Health of Menopausal Women: A Systematic Review

Riazi H, Ghazanfarpour M, Taebi M, Abdolahian S

Menopause is associated with the onset of climacteric symptoms due to low estradiol levels, which may cause insufficient maturation of the vaginal mucosa. Vitamin D may regulate the growth and...
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Association between vitamin D deficiency and anemia among Korean adolescent girls and young women

Jang H, Park S, Park K

PURPOSE: Although vitamin D deficiency is common among Korean adolescent girls and young women, few studies have explored the potential health effects of vitamin D deficiency in this vulnerable population....
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Effect of Vitamin D on Muscular Strength in Postmenopausal Women: A Meta-Analysis

Kang P, Kim J, Kim MJ

PURPOSE: Postmenopausal women are a unique population with high risk for the degeneration of muscle. The aim of the present meta-analysis was to accurately evaluate the effects of vitamin D...
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Bone Marrow Foot Oedema in Adolescents: The Role of Vitamin D

Pieropan S, Antoniazzi F, Tadiotto E, Caldonazzi F, Maschio M, Aiello G, Melotti G, Cavarzere , Piacentini G

BACKGROUND: Bone marrow oedema (BMO) in children/adolescents is a rare clinical condition without an etiologic cause. It is associated with typical increased signal intensity on T2-weighted magnetic resonance images (MRI)...
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Comparison of the effect of vitamin E, vitamin D and ginger on the severity of primary dysmenorrhea: a single-blind clinical trial

Pakniat H, Chegini V, Ranjkesh F, Hosseini M

OBJECTIVE: Dysmenorrhea is one of the most common problems for women, especially during their reproductive age. Various studies have examined the effects of vitamins D and E and ginger supplements....
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Effects of Serum Vitamin D and Efficacy of Subcutaneous Immunotherapy in Adult Patients With Allergic Rhinitis

Joudi M, Farid Hosseini R, Khoshkhui , Salehi M, Kouzegaran S, Ahoon M, Jabbari Azad F

Immunotherapy is the standard of treatment for long-life relief of symptoms of allergic rhinitis. Vitamin D may affect the outcomes of treatment. This study evaluated the clinical efficacy of subcutaneous...
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Vitamin D Dependent Rickets Type 1A Caused by CYP27B1 Mutation

Bak NR, Song ES, Yang EM, Kim CJ

Vitamin D dependent rickets type 1A (VDDR1A) is an autosomal recessive disorder caused by mutations in CYP27B1 . Clinical findings are growth retardation, hypotonia, muscle weakness, hypocalcemic seizures, and radiological...
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Vitamin D maintains E-cadherin intercellular junctions by downregulating MMP-9 production in human gingival keratinocytes treated by TNF-α

Oh C, Kim HJ, Kim HM

PURPOSE: Despite the well-known anti-inflammatory effects of vitamin D in periodontal health, its mechanism has not been fully elucidated. In the present study, the effect of vitamin D on strengthening...
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Evaluation of the Potential of Commercial Vitamin Drinks to Induce Tooth Erosion

Kim HN, Yoon TL, Min JH

BACKGROUND: The market for vitamin drinks is expanding both in Korea and worldwide. However, it was difficult to find studies regarding the possibility of tooth erosion induction due to vitamin...
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