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Prevalence and Clinical Characteristics of Asymptomatic Pyuria in Chronic Kidney Disease

Kwon YE, Oh DJ, Kim MJ, Choi HM

BACKGROUND: Pyuria seems to be common in chronic kidney disease (CKD), irrespective of urinary tract infection (UTI). It has been hypothesized that sterile pyuria occurs in CKD because of chronic...
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Associations of Plasma Neutrophil Gelatinase-associated Lipocalin, Anemia, and Renal Scarring in Children with Febrile Urinary Tract Infections

Lee JH, Yim HE, Yoo KH

BACKGROUND: Neutrophil gelatinase-associated lipocalin (NGAL), a bacteriostatic agent, is known to inhibit erythropoiesis leading to anemia. We aimed to investigate the associations of NGAL, anemia, and renal scarring in children...
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Determination of maternal risk factors of preterm delivery: adjusted for sparse data bias; results from a population-based case-control study in Iran

Valipour M, Ayubi E, Shiravand , Moradi Y, Abbaszadeh A, Amrai F, Mokhtari S, Bahmanpour K, Mansori K

OBJECTIVE: To determine the maternal risk factors associated with preterm delivery in Iran. METHODS: A population-based case-control study was conducted including 48 women having preterm delivery (case group) and 100 women...
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Fetal therapies as standard prenatal care in Japan

Sago H, Wada S

With recent advances in fetal medicine, various attempts have been made to save fetuses facing perinatal death or devastating consequences despite optimal management after birth. The concept of the fetus...
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The role of antibiotic prophylaxis in mild to moderate isolated hydronephrosis detected in antenatal screening

Rianthavorn P, Phithaklimnuwong S

PURPOSE: To determine whether continuous antibiotic prophylaxis (CAP) could prevent urinary tract infection (UTI) in mild to moderate antenatal isolated hydronephrosis (IH), characterized by hydronephrosis without ureter and bladder abnormalities,...
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Relationship between Breastfeeding, Birth History, and Acute Pyelonephritis in Infants

Lee YJ, Kim KM, Jung HL, Shim JY, Kim DS, Shim JW

BACKGROUND: Although the clinical importance of the immunological benefits of breastfeeding has been emphasized for decades, their direct relationship with acute pyelonephritis (APN) is still not clear. Our goal was...
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Asymptomatic Bladder Diverticulum Can Develop New Urinary Symptoms after a New Onset of Stroke: a Case Report

Jo WJ, Yoon YS, Kim ES, Choi JH, Lee KJ

Bladder diverticulum can be caused by many varying factors. It is usually asymptomatic in nature and thus often found by chance. In adult males, it can develop as a result...
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Current trends in minimally invasive surgery for benign prostatic hyperplasia

Choo MS, Son H

The prevalence of benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) is rising with Korea becoming an aging society. As patients age, their comorbidities and the risks associated with anesthesia increase. Recently, there has...
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Clinical application of intravesical botulinum toxin type A for overactive bladder and interstitial cystitis

Chen JL, Kuo HC

After decades of clinical and basic science research, the clinical application of botulinum toxin A (Botox) in urology has been extended to neurogenic detrusor overactivity (NDO), idiopathic detrusor overactivity, refractory...
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The ABCs of Voiding Cystourethrography

Kim YJ, Cho BS, Lee J, Ryu H, Byun H, Yeon M, Park Y, Oh C, Jeon Y

Voiding cystourethrography (VCUG) demonstrates the anatomy of the urinary system and is used to detect the presence/absence of vesicoureteral reflux. It is the most important modality for urological fluoroscopic examination...
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Risk and Protective Factors for Gastrointestinal Symptoms associated with Antibiotic Treatment in Children: A Population Study

Baù M, Moretti A, Bertoni E, Vazzoler V, Luini C, Agosti M, Salvatore

PURPOSE: Gastrointestinal symptoms are often related to antibiotic treatment. Their incidence, risk and protective conditions in children are not well defined and represent the aims of this study. METHODS: We prospectively...
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Preoperative sterile pyuria as a prognostic biomarker for intravesical recurrence in upper urinary tract urothelial carcinoma

Jeon BJ, Tae BS, Choi H, Bae JH, Kim JW, Park HS, Park JY

PURPOSE: To evaluate if preoperative sterile pyuria can be a prognostic factor for intravesical recurrence (IVR) and overall survival (OS)in patients with upper tract urothelial carcinoma (UTUC) undergoing surgery. MATERIALS AND...
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Factors Influencing the Infection Control Performance of Catheter-Associated Urinary Tract Infection of Nurses in Hospitals

Choi EY, Song MS

PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to examine nurses' knowledge, health beliefs, and performance regarding the infection control of catheter-associated urinary tract infection (CAUTI) and to identify factors affecting...
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Impact of Bladder Neck Stiffness on Lower Urinary Tract Symptoms in Patient With Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia

Kwon JK, Jung HD, Cho KS

PURPOSE: We evaluated the impact of bladder neck stiffness on lower urinary tract symptoms in the patient with benign prostatic hyperplasia using elastography. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 384 patients...
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The Systematic Review of the Efficacy and Safety of Minimally Invasive Surgical Treatments in Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia

Lee MH, Shin YS, Kam SC

Lower urinary tract symptoms caused by benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) has conventionally treated by transurethral resection of the prostate (TURP) or open simple prostatectomy. TURP has historically been associated with...
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Current status of long-term antibiotic prophylaxis for urinary tract infections in children: An antibiotic stewardship challenge

Alsubaie S, Barry MA

Recurrent urinary tract infections (UTIs) in children are associated with development of pyelonephritis and renal scarring. Traditionally, continuous antibiotic prophylaxis (CAP) has been used to prevent recurrent UTI. Recent studies...
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Reconsideration of urine culture for the diagnosis of acute pyelonephritis in children: a new challenging method for diagnosing acute pyelonephritis

Lee JH, Rhie S

Acute pyelonephritis (APN) should be detected and treated as soon as possible to reduce the risk of the development of acquired renal scarring. However, in the medical field, urine culture...
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In Vitro Effects of Plasma Collected From Rats Administered Naftopidil on Whole Urinary Bladder Preparation Isolated From Rats

Hattori T, Sugaya K, Nishijima , Kadekawa K, Ueda T, Yamamoto H

PURPOSE: Alpha-1-adrenoceptor blockers (e.g., naftopidil) are prescribed for the treatment of male lower urinary tract symptoms. Although the mechanism of action of naftopidil has been studied in various organs, that...
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Early Experiences of a Minimal Invasive Intra-Prostatic Implant, Prostatic Urethral Lift for Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia Treatment in Korea

Yang J, Shin D, Sung J, Cho S, Kang S, Jeong HC, Choi SW, Bae WJ, Kim SW

PURPOSE: As a minimal invasive device for benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) treatment, prostatic urethral lift (PUL) is widely accepted worldwide but not widely used in Korea. We investigated the one-year...
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Host-Pathogen Interactions in Urinary Tract Infections

Ko YH, Choi JY, Song PH

Urinary tract infections (UTIs) are classified by the host condition. Uncomplicated infections are caused most commonly by uropathogenic Escherichia coli (UPEC) and affect otherwise healthy people, whereas complicated infections are...
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