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Regional Differences in the Effects of Social Relations on Depression Among Korean Elderly and the Moderating Effect of Living Alone

Kim C, Chang EJ, Kim Cy

Objectives: Socioeconomic disadvantages interact with numerous factors which affect geriatric mental health. One of the main factors is the social relations of the elderly. The elderly have different experiences and...
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Conceptual frameworks regarding waterborne diseases in sub-Saharan Africa and the need of for a new approach to urban exposomes

Zerbo A, Castro Delgado R, Arcos González P

Sub-Saharan African countries, like many other low-income countries, have experienced urban socioeconomic inequalities due to rapid and unplanned urbanization. These processes have resulted in the creation of poor urban areas...
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Factors Associated with Physical Activity in Older Adults by Region: Based on the 2017 Community Health Survey

Lee HJ, Lee Y, Yun J

Purpose: The purpose of this study is to identify personal factors, social factors, and environmental factors related to physical activity in older adults in urban and non-urban areas. Methods: We...
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Association of sunlight exposure with 25-hydroxyvitamin D levels among working urban adult Filipinos

Mansibang NMM, Yu MGY, Jimeno CA, Lantion-Ang FL

Objectives: To determine the association of different levels of sunlight exposure, measured using the Filipino sunlight exposure questionnaire (SEQ) with 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25-OHD) levels among working urban adult Filipinos. Methods: Seventy-five...
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Qualitative Study on the Perception of Community Food-accessibility Environment among Urban Older Adults

Yang N, Kim K

Objectives: This study explored the community food environmental factors affecting food purchasing using a qualitative research methodology for the elderly as well as the various food environments under their socioeconomic...
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An age-period-cohort analysis of the difference in smoking prevalence between urban and non-urban areas in Japan (2004–2019)

Okui T

OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to conduct an age-period-cohort (APC) analysis of smoking prevalence trends in urban and non-urban areas in Japan. METHODS: Data on smoking prevalence from 2004 to 2019 were...
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Factors associated with Experience of Diagnosis and Utilization of Chronic Diseases among Korean Elderly : Focus on Comparing between Urban and Rural Elderly

Lee MJ, Kown DH, Kim YY, Kim JH, Moon SJ, Park KW, Park IW, Park JY, Baek NY, Son GS, Ahn SY, Yeo IU, Woo SA, Yoo SY, Lee GB, Lim SB, Jang SH, Jeong SJ, Jung YJ, Cho SG, Cha JS, Hwang KS, Lee TJ, Lee MS

OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to identify and compare the difference and related factors with general characteristic and health behaviors, a experience of diagnosis and treatment of chronic...
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A Relationship between Dietary Patterns and Dyslipidemia in Urban-dwelling Middle-Aged Korean Men: Using Korean Genome and Epidemiology Study (KoGES)

Na W, Chung B, Sohn C

An increase in the prevalence of dyslipidemia has been strongly associated with the mortality rate of cardiovascular disease. We conducted a cross-sectional analysis to determine the relationship between dietary patterns...
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The Potential of Centella asiatica (Linn.) Urban as an Anti-Microbial and Immunomodulator Agent: A Review

Harun NH, Septama AW, Wan Ahmad , Suppian R

Centella asiatica (Linn.) Urban (Umbelliferae) which is also known as ‘pegaga’ is highly consumed and eaten raw as ‘ulam’ in Malaysia. C. asiatica is used in traditional medicines to treat...
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Comparing Quality of Life of Elderly Menopause Living in Urban and Rural Areas

Heidari M, Sheikhi RA, Rezaei P, Kabirian Abyaneh S

OBJECTIVES: The present study aimed to compare the quality of life of elderly menopause living in urban/rural areas of Abadeh, Iran. METHODS: This descriptive and cross-sectional study was conducted on 312...
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Alcohol-related emergency department visits and income inequality in New York City, USA: an ecological study

Reilly KH, Bartley K, Paone D, Tuazon E

OBJECTIVES: Previous research has found that greater income inequality is related to problematic alcohol use across a variety of geographical areas in the USA and New York City (NYC). Those...
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Analysis of Spatial Distribution of Hypertension Prevalence and Its Related Factors based on the Model of Social Determinants of Health

Kim MJ, Park NH

PURPOSE: The purpose of this study is to identify the spatial distribution of hypertension prevalence and to investigate individual and regional-level factors contributing to the prevalence of hypertension in the...
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Effect of Diet Change on Gut Microbiota: Observational Pilot Study of Four Urban Couples

Roh Y, Lee J, Kim WG, Yi G, Kim BK, Oh B

BACKGROUND: Recent studies have focused on changes in gut microbiota following a dietary change. We identified how the distribution of gut microbiota changed when the dietary habits of young city...
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Young Adult Street Vendors and Adverse Respiratory Health Outcomes in Bangkok, Thailand

Noomnual S, Shendell D

Air pollutants of concern include traffic-related air pollution, including particulate matter in respirable coarse and fine size fractions. There are no critical studies to date into associations between knowledge, awareness,...
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Indoor Occurrence of the Ghost Ant Tapinoma melanocephalum (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) in Urban Homes in Korea

Lee IY, Park SJ, Seo JH, Sim S, Kim JH, Gwon YG, Yong TS

The ghost ant Tapinoma melanocephalum is a common household pest worldwide. The present study examined the occurrence of the species in urban homes in Korea. During the period of September...
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Detection Trend of Helminth Eggs in the Strata Soil Samples from Ancient Historic Places of Korea

Seo M, Chai JY, Kim MJ, Shim SY, Ki HC, Shin DH

For several years, we have conducted a series of studies on the patterns of ancient parasitism prevailing in the soil of rural and urban areas of past Kingdom of Korea....
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Population-Based Regional Cancer Incidence in Korea: Comparison between Urban and Rural Areas

Song HN, Go SI, Lee WS, Kim Y, Choi HJ, Lee US, Kang MH, Lee GW, Kim HG, Kang JH, Kang YS, Lee JH, Jung JM, Hong SC

PURPOSE: The purpose of this study is to investigate differences in organ-specific cancer incidence according to the region and population size in Korea. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We reviewed the data of...
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Eating Habits and Food Preferences of Elementary School Students in Urban and Suburban Areas of Daejeon

Park ES, Lee JH, Kim MH

This study investigated the dietary habits and food preferences of elementary school students. The survey was conducted by means of a questionnaire distributed to 4th and 5th grade elementary school...
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Factors Related to Physical Activities of Elderly with Hypertension between Urban and Rural Areas

Paek HH, Lee SG

OBJECTIVES: This study was performed to find the differences in physical activity according to general characteristics and factors related to physical activity between the elderly over 65 with hypertension living...
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Comparing the Current Health Status and Health Behaviors of Residents from Urban and Forested Areas

Lee I, Lee K, Kim SJ, Bang KS, Choi HS

PURPOSE: Forests have positive effects on health due to phytoncide, thus increasing physical activity and stress relief. However, research has not been conducted on the daily health benefits of existing...
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