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The incidence of testicular torsion and testicular salvage rate in Korea over 10 years: A nationwide population-based study

Choi JB, Han KH, Lee Y, Ha US, Cho KJ, Kim JC, Koh JS

Purpose: We performed a nationwide epidemiological study of testicular torsion using the National Health Insurance System database for the entire male population of Korea. Materials and Methods: Age, sex, socioeconomic status,...
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Various Intratesticular Hypoechoic Lesions on Scrotal Sonography

Jo JI, Yang DM, Kim HC, Kim SW

Sonography with a high-frequency transducer is the modality of choice for imaging the scrotum. Most intratesticular lesions are hypoechoic. Differentiation of intratesticular hypoechoic lesions as either malignant or benign is...
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Shear-wave elastography for the assessment of testicular involvement of hematologic malignancies in children and young adults: a feasibility study

Koh SY, Lee S, Lee SB, Cho YJ, Choi YH, Cheon JE, Kim WS

Purpose: This study aimed to assess the feasibility of shear-wave elastography (SWE) for assessing the testicular involvement of hematologic malignancies in children and young adults. Methods: Eight patients (mean age, 11.0...
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Comprehension and Practice Patterns of Korean Urologists for Retractile and Gliding Testes

Kim JY, Chung JM, The Korean Society of Pediatric Urology

Background: It is quite difficult to distinguish retractile testis from gliding testis, which requires different treatment planning in the clinic setting. We evaluated practice patterns of urologists in Korea regarding...
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Single injection of very mild dose botulinum toxin in the vastus lateralis improves testicular spermatogenesis and sperm motility in ageing experimental mice

Radhakrishnan RK, Ravichandran S, Sukesh A, Kadalmani B, Kandasamy M

Background: Botulinum toxin (BoNT) is a widely used therapeutic agent that blocks the excessive release of acetylcholine at the neuromuscular junction. Previously, repeated intracremasteric injections and slight overdose of BoNT...
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Dimethyloxaloylglycine promotes spermatogenesis activity of spermatogonial stem cells in Bama minipigs

Cao Y, Dai Z, Lao H, Zhao H

Background: The testis has been reported to be a naturally O 2 -deprived organ, dimethyloxaloylglycine (DMOG) can inhibit hypoxia inducible factor-1alpha (HIF-1α) subject to degradation under normal oxygen condition in...
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Chronic lymphocytic leukemia and concurrent seminoma in the same testis

Miyai K, Kumazawa F, Sato K, Tsuda H

A 59-year-old man presented with a painless testicular mass and underwent a radical orchiectomy. The resected specimen showed a 5-cm-sized, white-yellow and homogenous solid mass in the testicular parenchyma. Histologically,...
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Collision tumor composed of postpubertal-type teratoma and seminoma in a testis: overlooked germ cell tumors

Woo CG, Lee OJ

Testicular germ cell tumors (GCT) arise from embryonic or extraembryonic differentiated totipotential germ cells. The tumor cells can differentiate into germ cells as well as, other lineages including yolk sac...
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Zinc and selenium supplement mitigated valproic acid-induced testis toxicity by modulating the oxidative redox balance in male rats

Naderi M, Ahangar N, Badakhshan F, Ghasemi M, Shaki F

Valproic acid (VPA) is widely used antiepileptic agent which is associated with reproductive toxicity via impairment in oxidative redox. Zinc (Zn) and selenium (Se) are trace element with antioxidant effect...
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Imaging of Scrotal Tumors

Lee S, Oh YT, Jung DC

Ultrasonography is effective for imaging superficial organs, such as the scrotum. Using a highfrequency transducer, ultrasonography can identify the location and characteristics of scrotal lesions with high accuracy. The primary...
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Unusual Presentation of a Testicular Lymphoma Mimicking a Missed Testicular Torsion: A Case Report

Kim MJ, Lee YH, Kim YR

Testicular lymphoma is an uncommon testicular tumor that usually presents as a painless mass. It usually shows hypervascularity on color Doppler ultrasound (US) and a mild enhancement on enhanced CT...
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Protective effects of curcumin against methotrexate-induced testicular damage in rats by suppression of the p38-MAPK and nuclear factor-kappa B pathways

Kilinc L, Uz YH

Objective: Methotrexate (MTX), is a commonly used chemotherapeutic agent. This study aimed to investigate the possibility that curcumin (CMN) protects against MTX-induced testicular damage by affecting the phospho (p)-p38 mitogen-activated...
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Small testes: clinical characteristics and ultrasonographic findings

Yang DM, Choi HI, Kim HC, Kim SW, Moon SK, Lim JW

The purpose of this pictorial essay is to describe the ultrasonographic and clinical findings of patients with small testes due to a wide range of causes. We retrospectively reviewed the...
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Penile circumference and stretched penile length in prepubertal children: A retrospective, single-center pilot study

Park SK, Ergashev K, Chung JM, Lee SD

Purpose: To determine references for penile circumference according to age in prepubertal children and whether this measurement can be used as a basic penile parameter along with stretched penile length...
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The effects of sesame oil and different doses of estradiol on testicular structure, sperm parameters, and chromatin integrity in old mice

Mohammadzadeh M, Pourentezari M, Zare-Zardini H, Nabi A, Esmailabad SG, Khodadadian A, Talebi AR

Objective: Studies of the effects of estrogens on the male reproductive system have emphasized the role of these hormones in male fertility. Sesame oil has many phytoestrogenic compounds and may...
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Histopathology and Ultrastructural Findings of Fatal COVID-19 Infections on Testis

Achua JK, Chu KY, Ibrahim E, Khodamoradi K, Delma KS, Iakymenko OA, Kryvenko ON, Arora H, Ramasamy R

Purpose: To evaluate the presence and analyze the pathological changes within the testes of patients who died or recovered from severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (COVID-19) complications. Materials and Methods:...
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Testicular Dislocation Associated with Pelvic Ring Injury

Kim BS, Lee H, Kim ST, Lim HG

Unstable pelvis ring trauma can accompany urologic injuries such as bladder, ureter, or urethral injuries. In very rare cases, testicular dislocation can accompany a pelvic ring injury. Testicular dislocation causes...
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Testicular stiffness in varicocele: evaluation with shear wave elastography

Turna O, Aybar MD

Purpose: This study was conducted to evaluate the potential role of shear wave elastography (SWE) in the evaluation of testes in patients with varicocele. Methods: A total of 116 testes of...
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Testicular atrophy after mumps orchitis: ultrasonographic findings

Choi HI, Yang DM, Kim HC, Kim SW, Jeong HS, Moon SK, Lim JW

Purpose: The purpose of this study was to describe the ultrasonographic findings of testicular atrophy after mumps orchitis. Methods: We retrospectively reviewed the case files of eight patients (14 to 24...
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The Impact of Testicular Torsion on Testicular Function

Jacobsen FM, Rudlang TM, Fode M, Østergren PB, Sønksen J, Ohl DA, Jensen CFS, CopMich Collaborative

Torsion of the spermatic cord is a urological emergency that must be treated with acute surgery. Possible long-term effects of torsion on testicular function are controversial. This review aims to...
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