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Local Injection of Growth Hormone for Temporomandibular Joint Osteoarthritis

Ok SM, Kim JH, Kim JS, Jeong EG, Park YM, Jeon HM, Heo JY, Ahn YW, Yu SN, Park HR, Kim KH, Ahn SC, Jeong SH

PURPOSE: Osteoarthritis (OA) of the temporomandibular joint (TMJ) elicits cartilage and subchondral bone defects. Growth hormone (GH) promotes chondrocyte growth. The aim of this study was to evaluate the efficacy...
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Application of 16S rRNA Gene-Targeted Next-Generation Sequencing for Bacterial Pathogen Detection in Continuous Ambulatory Peritoneal Dialysis Peritonitis

Kim YA, Kang EW, Moon HS, Kim D, Yong D

BACKGROUND: 16S rRNA gene-targeted next-generation sequencing (NGS) can detect microorganisms in a comprehensive reference database. To date, NGS has been successfully applied to samples such as urine, blood, and synovial...
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Prominent Inflammatory Features of Monocytes/Macrophages in Acute Calcium Pyrophosphate Crystal Arthritis: a Comparison with Acute Gouty Arthritis

Jeong JH, Jung JH, Lee JS, Oh JS, Kim YG, Lee CK, Yoo B, Hong S

Calcium pyrophosphate (CPP) crystals can present as acute inflammatory arthritis which is known as an acute CPP crystal arthritis. Although monocytes/macrophages have been shown to play a role in the...
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Hyaluronic acid has chondroprotective and joint-preserving effects on LPS-induced synovitis in horses

Neuenschwander HM, Moreira JJ, Vendruscolo CP, Fülber J, Seidel SR, Michelacci YM, Baccarin R

The intra-articular use of hyaluronic acid (HA) for the treatment of synovitis and osteoarthritis is still controversial. As a consequence, corticosteroids remain the most frequently employed therapeutic agents, despite their...
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Calf “Arch Sign” Seen on a Tc-99m-MDP Bone Scan Is Indicative of Synovial Fluid Leak in Ruptured Baker's Cysts: Case Reports and Analysis of Literature

Golan H, Fridburg E

The authors present two cases in which the ruptured popliteal (Baker's) cysts remained undetected and were diagnosed only during an isotope investigation. The aim was to describe a specific imaging...
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Comparative evaluation of low-level laser therapy and ultrasound heat therapy in reducing temporomandibular joint disorder pain

Khairnar S, Bhate K, S.N. SK, Kshirsagar K, Jagtap B, Kakodkar P

BACKGROUND: Pain, limitations in opening, asymmetrical jaw movements, and temporomandibular joint (TMJ) sounds are the most common findings in temporomandibular joint disorders (TMDs), which causes excruciating pain, inflammation of the...
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Sodium Chloride Aggravates Arthritis via Th17 Polarization

Jung SM, Kim Y, Kim J, Jung H, Yi H, Rim YA, Park N, Kwok SK, Park SH, Ju JH

PURPOSE: Sodium chloride (NaCl) has been proposed as a driving factor in autoimmune diseases through the induction of pathogenic CD4+ T helper cells that produce interleukin-17 (Th17 cells). This study...
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Acute Eosinophilic Monoarthritis in a Patient with Toxocariasis

Hur J, Ha YJ, Chung SW, Kang EH, Song YW, Lee YJ

Eosinophilic synovial effusion is rarely observed in patients with inflammatory nature of synovial fluid, and the differential diagnosis includes parasitic arthritis. Toxocariasis is the one of the most common forms...
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New Classification Criteria and Guideline for Management of Gout

Song JS

Gout is a chronic systemic metabolic disease characterized by recurrent attacks of inflammatory arthritis resulting from the precipitation of monosodium urate crystals, which has various clinical and pathological manifestations. The...
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Magnetic Resonance Imaging and Clinical Results of Outside-in Anterior Cruciate Ligament Reconstruction: A Comparison of Fixed- and Adjustable-Length Loop Cortical Fixation

Ahn JH, Ko TS, Lee YS, Jeong HJ, Park JK

BACKGROUND: Cortical suspensory femoral fixation is commonly performed for graft fixation to the femur in anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction using hamstring tendons. The purpose of this study was to...
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Origin of Satellite Ganglion Cysts with Effusion in the Flexor Hallucis Longus Tendon Sheath around the Hallux

Lee JW, Joo MW, Sung JK, Ahn JH, Kang YK

BACKGROUND: To describe the clinical and magnetic resonance imaging findings of ganglion cysts with effusion in the flexor hallucis longus tendon sheath around the hallux to evaluate their origin. METHODS: Patients...
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Utility of 16S rRNA PCR in the Synovial Fluid for the Diagnosis of Prosthetic Joint Infection

Sebastian , Malhotra R, Sreenivas , Kapil A, Chaudhry R, Dhawan B

No abstract available.
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MicroRNA-143 and -145 modulate the phenotype of synovial fibroblasts in rheumatoid arthritis

Hong BK, You S, Yoo SA, Park D, Hwang D, Cho CS, Kim WU

Fibroblast-like synoviocytes (FLSs) constitute a major cell subset of rheumatoid arthritis (RA) synovia. Dysregulation of microRNAs (miRNAs) has been implicated in activation and proliferation of RA-FLSs. However, the functional association...
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Causative Factors Regarding the Clinical Outcomes after Arthroscopic Treatment for Pyogenic Knee Arthritis

Choi JY, Lee EY, Oh SY, Seong MK, Lee OJ

PURPOSE: The purpose of this study is to analyze the causative factors that affect the recurrence and positive culture results of pyogenic knee arthritis after arthroscopic treatment. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A...
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Inflammation affects the viability and plasticity of equine mesenchymal stem cells: possible implications in intra-articular treatments

Barrachina L, Remacha AR, Romero A, Vázquez F, Albareda J, Prades M, Ranera B, Zaragoza P, Martín-Burriel I, Rodellar C

Mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) are gaining relevance for treating equine joint injuries because of their ability to limit inflammation and stimulate regeneration. Because inflammation activates MSC immunoregulatory function, proinflammatory priming...
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Intra-articular Xenotransplantation of Adipose-Derived Stromal Cells to Treat Osteoarthritis in a Goat Model

Ko JY, Lee J, Lee J, Im GI

Adipose-derived stromal cells (ASCs) have been investigated as a cell source for tissue regeneration. The purpose of this study was first to confirm if medial meniscectomy induces osteoarthritis (OA) in...
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Pancreatic Neuroendocrine Tumor Presenting with Arthritis and Panniculitis

Kim HR, Ahn JS, Noh JH, Jeon HJ, Oh JS, Choi SW, Lim DH

Pancreatic neoplasm is complicated and can be preceded by extra-pancreatic manifestations, such as cutaneous and musculoskeletal symptoms. Awareness of these associations is important for timely diagnosis and appropriate treatment. We...
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The Efficacy of Arthroscopic Debridement with Continuous Irrigation in Failed Arthroscopic Debridement for Septic Arthritis of the Knee

Jeon YD, Moon JY, Son JH, Kim JM, Choi Y

PURPOSE: The purpose of this study is to evaluate the efficacy of arthroscopic debridement with continuous irrigation in patients with septic arthritis of the knee after failed primary arthroscopic treatment. MATERIALS...
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Macrophage migration inhibitory factor: a potential therapeutic target for rheumatoid arthritis

Kim KW, Kim HR

Macrophage migration inhibitory factor (MIF) is originally identified in the culture medium of activated T lymphocytes as a soluble factor that inhibits the random migration of macrophages. MIF is now...
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Recent advances in management of gout

Song JS

Gout, which is caused by the deposition of monosodium urate crystals in synovial fluid and other tissues, is the most common inflammatory rheumatic disease in men, at least in the...
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