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Laboratory Aspects of Donor Screening for Fecal Microbiota Transplantation at a Korean Fecal Microbiota Bank

Seo HS, Chin HS, Kim YH, Moon HS, Kim K, Nguyen LP, Yong D

Fecal microbiota transplantation (FMT) is a widely accepted alternative therapy for Clostridioides difficile infection and other gastrointestinal disorders. Thorough donor screening is required as a safety control measure to minimize...
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Lessons from Cadaver Dissection during the COVID-19 Pandemic

Kim D, Yoo H, Lee YM, Rhyu IJ

The rapid increase of the coronavirus disease 2019 pandemic from mid-February 2020 has led the anatomy department of the Korea University College of Medicine to cease the dissection laboratory. However,...
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Development of a Short Form Depression Screening Questionnaire for Korean Soldiers

Byeon G, Jo SJ, Lee HW, Yim HW, Park JI

Background: The frequencies of South Korean soldiers' depression and resulting suicide are increasing every year. Thus, this study aimed to develop and confirm the reliability and validity of a simple...
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The presence of prostate-specific antigen checked more than 1 year before diagnostic biopsy is an independent prognostic factor in patients undergoing radical prostatectomy

Park SG, Shim KH, Choo SH, Kim SJ, Kim SI

Purpose: In large scale prospective studies, prostate-specific antigen (PSA)-screening not only decreased prostate cancer mortality, but also reduced biochemical recurrence (BCR) in patients undergoing radical prostatectomy (RP). We investigated the...
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Cost-Effectiveness Analysis of Hypertension Screening in the Korea National Health Screening Program

Lee HY, Lee SW, Kim HC, Ihm SH, Park SH, Kim TH

Background and Objectives: To evaluate the cost-effectiveness of routine hypertension (HTN) screening as a part of the national health-screening program. Methods: Two aspects of cost-effectiveness were examined using the national general...
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Application of deep learning to predict advanced neoplasia using big clinical data in colorectal cancer screening of asymptomatic adults

Yang HJ, Cho CW, Jang J, Kim SS, Ahn KS, Park SK, Park DI

Background/Aims: We aimed to develop a deep learning model for the prediction of the risk of advanced colorectal neoplasia (ACRN) in asymptomatic adults, based on which colorectal cancer screening could...
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Application of deep learning algorithm to detect COVID-19 pneumonia in chest X-ray

Jang SB, Chung HS, Park SY

  • KMID: 2517705
  • J Korean Soc Emerg Med.
  • 2021 Jun;32(3):249-256.
Objective: This study evaluated the deep learning (DL) algorithm performance to detect lesions that suggest pneumonia in chest X-rays (CXR) of suspected coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) patients. Methods: This retrospective...
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Association of the FRAIL Scale with Geriatric Syndromes and Health-Related Outcomes in Korean Older Adults

Lee H, Chong J, Jung HW, Baek JY, Lee E, Jang IY

Background: Owing to the growing older population, appropriate tools are needed for frailty screening in community-dwelling older people. We investigated the association between geriatric conditions and health-related outcomes using the...
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Detection of Contralateral Breast Cancer Using Diffusion-Weighted Magnetic Resonance Imaging in Women with Newly Diagnosed Breast Cancer: Comparison with Combined Mammography and Whole-Breast Ultrasound

Ha SM, Chang JM, Lee SH, Kim ES, Kim SY, Kim YS, Cho N, Moon WK

Objective: To compare the screening performance of diffusion-weighted (DW) MRI and combined mammography and ultrasound (US) in detecting clinically occult contralateral breast cancer in women with newly diagnosed breast cancer. Materials...
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Determinants of Adherence to Diabetes Screening in Iranian Adults With a Positive Family History of Diabetes

Malih N, Sohrabi MR, Abadi A, Arshi S

Objectives: Insufficient evidence exists regarding factors that affect screening adherence among people with a family history of diabetes, who comprise roughly half of all patients with diabetes. Therefore, we aimed...
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Influence of repeated prostate-specific antigen screening on treatment pattern in a country with a limited social perception of prostate cancer: Korean national wide observational study

Ko YH, Kim SW

Purpose: To investigate the real-world prevalence of repeated prostate-specific antigen (PSA) screening in Korea and its influence on the treatment pattern of the prostate cancer (PCa) over the last decade,...
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Safety and Recipient Satisfaction of Propofol Sedation in Outpatient Endoscopy: A 24-Hour Prospective Investigation Using a Questionnaire Survey

Kanno Y, Ohira T, Harada Y, Koshita S, Ogawa T, Kusunose H, Koike Y, Yamagata T, Sakai T, Masu K, Yonamine K, Miyamoto K, Tanaka M, Shimada T, Kozakai F, Endo K, Okano H, Komabayashi D, Shimizu T, Suzuki S, Ito K

Background/Aims: The aim of this study was to evaluate the safety of sedation with propofol as an alternative to benzodiazepine drugs in outpatient endoscopy. Methods: In this prospective study, examinees who...
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Development of a Secondary Order Program for Pretransfusion Tests to Improve the Work Efficiency of Blood Bank

Kim Ja, Shin JW, Lee DL, Shin WY, Kim J, Bang HI

Background: In the author’s blood bank, if the Ab screening test results are positive in the pretransfusion test, an Ab identification test and polyspecific direct antiglobulin test (DAT) are performed....
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Diffusion-Weighted Magnetic Resonance Imaging for Breast Cancer Screening in High-Risk Women: Design and Imaging Protocol of a Prospective Multicenter Study in Korea

Shin HJ, Lee SH, Park VY, Yoon JH, Kang BJ, Yun BL, Kim TH, Ko ES, Han BK, Chu AJ, Park SY, Kim HH, Moon WK

Purpose: Interest in unenhanced magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) screening for breast cancer is growing due to concerns about gadolinium deposition in the brain and the high cost of contrast-enhanced MRI....
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Recent Trends of Lung Cancer in Korea

Lee JG, Kim HC, Choi CM

Lung cancer is one of the leading causes of cancer-related deaths in Korea. Although the smoking rate has decreased over time, the prevalence of lung cancer still remains high. In...
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Promotion of Cervical Screening among Long-term Nonattendees by Human Papillomavirus Self-sampling

Ernstson A, Forslund O, Borgfeldt C

Cervical cancer is preventable through gynecological screening. To promote participation among non-attending women, self-collected vaginal samples for detection of high-risk human papillomavirus (hr-HPV) is an option. The aims of this...
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Screening of novel alkaloid inhibitors for vascular endothelial growth factor in cancer cells: an integrated computational approach

Shahik SM, Salauddin A, Hossain MS, Noyon SH, Moin AT, Mizan S, Raza MT

Vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) is expressed at elevated levels by most cancer cells, which can stimulate vascular endothelial cell growth, survival, proliferation as well as trigger angiogenesis modulated by...
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Standardization of the Korean Version of the Patient Health Questionnaire-4 (PHQ-4)

Kim HW, Shin C, Lee SH, Han C

Objective: The Patient Health Questionnaire-4 (PHQ-4) has been used for screening owing to ease of use and brevity. In this study, we developed the Korean version of the PHQ-4 and tested...
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Survival Rates of Breast Cancer Patients Aged 40 to 49 Years according to Detection Modality in Korea: Screening Ultrasound versus Mammography

Won SY, Park HS, Kim P, Kim SI, Moon HJ, Yoon JH, Park VY, Park S, Kim MJ, Cho YU, Park BW

Objective: The aim of this study was to compare the survival rates of Korean females aged 40 to 49 years with breast cancer detected by supplemental screening ultrasound (US) or...
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Diffusion-Weighted Imaging as a Stand-Alone Breast Imaging Modality

Shin HJ, Lee SH, Moon WK

Diffusion-weighted magnetic resonance imaging (DW MRI) is a fast unenhanced technique that shows promise as a stand-alone modality for cancer screening and characterization. Currently, DW MRI may have lower sensitivity...
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