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Validation of the Framingham Diabetes Risk Model Using Community-Based KoGES Data

Lee HA, Park H, Hong YS

Background: An 8-year prediction of the Framingham Diabetes Risk Model (FDRM) was proposed, but the predictor has a gap with current clinical standards. Therefore, we evaluated the validity of the...
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COL6A1 expression as a potential prognostic biomarker for risk stratification of T1 high grade bladder cancer: Unveiling the aggressive nature of a distinct non-muscle invasive subtype

Kim K, Byun YJ, Zheng CM, Moon S, Jo SJ, Kang HW, Kim WT, Choi YH, Moon SK, Kim WJ, Piao XM, Yun SJ

Purpose: T1 high grade (T1HG) bladder cancer (BC) is a type of non-muscle invasive BC (NMIBC) that is recognized as an aggressive subtype with a heightened propensity for progression. Current...
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Computer Vision in Osteoporotic Vertebral Fracture Risk Prediction: A Systematic Review

Allam AK, Anand A, Flores AR, Ropper AE

Osteoporotic vertebral fractures (OVFs) are a significant health concern linked to increased morbidity, mortality, and diminished quality of life. Traditional OVF risk assessment tools like bone mineral density (BMD) only...
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The Impact of Preoperative Antithrombotic Therapy on the Risks for Thrombo-ischemic Events and Bleeding among Patients Undergoing Elective Spine Surgery

Khalid SI, Mirpuri P, Chilakapati S, Kwak A, Mitchell D, Adogwa O, Mehta AI

Study Design: Retrospective matched analysis. Purpose: To evaluate the effect of antithrombotic drug therapy on the rates of thrombo-ischemic or bleeding events 90 days following elective spine surgery. Overview of Literature: Thrombo-ischemic...
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Quality and risk assessment of lead and cadmium in drinking water for child development centres use in Phatthalung province, Thailand

Decharat S, Phethuayluk P

The purpose of this cross-sectional study and research was to evaluate the health risks to children in relation to the concentration of lead and cadmium in drinking water. Samples were...
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The Fracture Risk Assessment Tool Probability and Trabecular Bone Score Mediate the Relationship between Sphingosine 1-phosphate Levels and Fracture Risk

Lee SH, Kim JS, Koh JM

Background: The sphingosine 1-phosphate (S1P) concentration is a potential biomarker of osteoporotic fracture and is associated with both the fracture risk assessment tool (FRAX) probability and trabecular bone score (TBS),...
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Position Statement: Postmenopausal Osteoporosis Treatment Strategies in Korea

Park SY, Kim SH, Lee YK, Shin JH, Ha YC, Chung HY

Classifying patients with osteoporosis according to fracture risk and establishing adequate treatment strategies is crucial to effectively treat osteoporosis. The Korean Society for Bone and Mineral Research has issued a...
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Neutrophil Gelatinase-Associated Lipocalin Cutoff Value Selection and Acute Kidney Injury Classification System Determine Phenotype Allocation and Associated Outcomes

Albert A, Radtke S, Blume L, Bellomo R, Haase M, Stieger P, Hinkel UP, Braun-Dullaeus RC, Albert C

Background: We explored the extent to which neutrophil gelatinase-associated lipocalin (NGAL) cutoff value selection and the acute kidney injury (AKI) classification system determine clinical AKI-phenotype allocation and associated outcomes. Methods: Cutoff...
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Fall Risk Assessment and Fall Prevention Intervention in Elderly Psychiatric Patients

Jang S

The fall rate in geriatric psychiatric patients is higher than in adult patients with other diseases. Although the incidence of deaths and severe injuries from falls has decreased over the...
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Determining Optimal Cut-off Score for the Braden Scale on Assessment of Pressure Injury for Tertiary Hospital Inpatients

Park SH, Choi h, Son YJ

Purpose : This study aims to establish an optimal cut-off score on the Braden scale for the assessment of pressure injury to detect pressure injury risks among inpatients in a...
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BONEcheck: A digital tool for personalized bone health assessment

Nguyen DT, Ho-Le TP, Pham L, Ho-Van VP, Hoang TD, Tran TS, Frost S, Nguyen TV

Objectives: Osteoporotic fracture is a significant public health burden associated with increased mortality risk and substantial healthcare costs. Accurate and early identification of high-risk individuals and mitigation of their risks...
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Seasonal and diurnal measurement of ambient benzene at a high traffic inflation site in Delhi: Health risk assessment and its possible role in ozone formation pathways

Kumari P, Soni D, Aggarwal SG, Singh K

Benzene is the most toxic and hazardous pollutant among volatile organic compounds (VOCs), as it comes under group 1 carcinogens recognized by the International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC)....
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RoBANS 2: A Revised Risk of Bias Assessment Tool for Nonrandomized Studies of Interventions

Seo HJ, Kim SY, Lee YJ, Park JE

Assessment of the risk of bias is an essential component of any systematic review. This is true for both nonrandomized studies and randomized trials, which are the main study designs...
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Correlation of Sarcopenic Obesity on Various Cardiometabolic Risk Factors and Fracture Risk in Mid-Aged Korean Women

Yu EH, Lee HJ, Kim HJ, Kim IH, Joo JK, Na YJ

Objectives: This study aimed to investigate the correlation of sarcopenic obesity with various cardiometabolic risk factors and fracture risk in middle-aged Korean women. Methods: In this cross-sectional study, the medical records...
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Osteoporosis Feature Selection and Risk Prediction Model by Machine Learning Using a Cross-Sectional Database

Cha Y, Seo SH, Kim JT, Kim JW, Lee SY, Yoo JI

Background: The purpose of this study was to verify the accuracy and validity of using machine learning (ML) to select risk factors, to discriminate differences in feature selection by ML...
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Porcine epidemic diarrhea virus: an update overview of virus epidemiology, vaccines, and control strategies in South Korea

Jang G, Lee D, Shin S, Lim J, Won H, Eo Y, Kim CH, Lee C

Porcine epidemic diarrhea virus (PEDV) has posed significant financial threats to the domestic pig industry over the last three decades in South Korea. PEDV infection will mostly result in endemic...
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Carcinogenic and non-carcinogenic risk assessment of consuming metal-laden wild mushrooms in Nigeria: Analyses from field based and systematic review studies

Chukwuka KS, Adesida SO, Alimba CG

This study investigated the potential health risk associated with the consumption of metal-laden mushrooms in Nigeria. Concentrations of Pb, Cd, Cr, Cu, Ni, Zn and Al in wild mushrooms collected...
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Development and Validation of a Nomogram Prediction Model for Endometrial Malignancy in Patients with Abnormal Uterine Bleeding

Ruan H, Chen S, Li J, Ma L, Luo J, Huang Y, Ying Q, Zhou J

Purpose: This study aimed to identify the risk factors and sonographic variables that could be integrated into a predictive model for endometrial cancer (EC) and atypical endometrial hyperplasia (AEH) in...
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Trends of stratified prostate cancer risk in a single Korean province from 2003 to 2021: A multicenter study conducted using regional training hospital data

Ko YH, Kim BH, Kwon SY, Jung HJ, Hah YS, Kim YJ, Kim HT, Lee JN, Kim JH, Kim TH, on behalf of Daegu-Kyungbook Urologic Oncology Study Group

Purpose: To identify changes in prostate cancer (PCa) risk-stratification during the last two decades in Korea, where the social perception of PCa was limited due to a relatively low incidence...
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Proposal of a Risk Scoring System to Facilitate the Treatment of Enteroenteric Intussusception in Peutz-Jeghers Syndrome

Xiao N, Zhang T, Zhang J, Zhang J, Li H, Ning S

Background/Aims: Enteroenteric intussusception in Peutz-Jeghers syndrome (EI-PJS) is traditionally treated by surgery. However, enteroscopic treatment is a minimally invasive approach worth attempting. We aimed to develop a risk scoring system...
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