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Exercise therapy for diabetes mellitus

Jeong C, Sohn TS

Background: Exercise lowers blood glucose levels, improves insulin sensitivity, and helps prevent complications; therefore, it is highly effective for prevention and treatment of diabetes mellitus. However, many patients with diabetes...
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Independent and Synergistic Associations of Aerobic Physical Activity and Resistance Exercise with Nonalcoholic Fatty Liver Disease

Yang HJ, Hong YP, Yoon TY, Ryoo JH, Choi JM, Oh CM

Background/Aims: This study aimed to examine the independent and synergistic association of aerobic physical activity and resistance exercise with nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) using a nationwide representative database. Methods: This...
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The Effect of Intermittent Resistance Activity for Interrupting Prolonged Sitting on Vascular Function and Postprandial Metabolism after a High-fat Meal

Cho MJ, Jung YJ, Kim YW, Choi TG, Kim JY, Kim HJ, Jae SY

Purpose: Numerous studies have reported the effects of interrupting prolonged sitting with aerobic exercise on vascular and postprandial function, but the effects of resistance exercise for interrupting prolonged sitting remain...
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Effectiveness of Resistance Exercise on Inflammatory Biomarkers in Patients with Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus: A Systematic Review with Meta-Analysis

Fernández-Rodríguez R, Monedero-Carrasco S, Bizzozero-Peroni B, Garrido-Miguel M, Mesas AE, Martínez-Vizcaíno V

Background: Type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) is related to increased inflammatory processes. The effects of resistance exercise on inflammatory biomarkers in T2DM are controversial. Our purpose was to determine the...
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An evidence-based guide to the efficacy and safety of isometric resistance training in hypertension and clinical implications

Baffour‑Awuah B, Pearson M, Dieberg G, Wiles J, Smart N

More than 30 randomized controlled trials, supported by individual patient-level and group-level meta-analyses and a Delphi analysis of expert opinion, unequivocally show isometric resistance training (IRT) elicits antihypertensive benefits in...
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From Barbells to Brawns: The Physiology of Resistance Exercise and Skeletal Muscle Growth

Park J, Mcllvain V, Rosenberg J, Donovan L, Desai P, Kim JY

A complex network of biochemical pathways carries out the process of muscle regeneration/growth following resistance exercise. The initial inflammatory response following muscle damage is primarily mediated by the nuclear factor...
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The Mechanisms of Anabolic Steroids, Selective Androgen Receptor Modulators and Myostatin Inhibitors

Park J, Mcllvain V, Rosenberg J, Donovan L, Desai P, Kim JY

In the clinical setting, anabolic agents serve to ameliorate muscle- and bone-wasting diseases. However, many of these anabolic agents are also used by bodybuilders to surpass natural limits of body...
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Are home‑based exercises effective to reduce blood pressure in hypertensive adults? A systematic review

Rodrigues G, Lima L, da Silva N, Lopes Telles P, Mota Silva Rocha T, Aragão Porto V, Cardoso V, da Silva Soares P

Sedentarism and chronic non-communicable diseases have been a worldwide health problem that is drastically exacerbated by the COVID-19 pandemic social impacts. Home-based exercises are widely encouraged during social isolation to...
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Association between Physical Activity Types and Mental Health in Korean Adults: Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey, 2014–2018

Kim HK, Kim YS, Sung H, Lim J, Kim J, Choi H

Purpose: The purpose of this study was to examine the associations of aerobic physical activity and musclestrengthening exercise with mental health, respectively. Furthermore, the relationship between combined exercise with depression,...
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Home-Based Physical Activity in Patients With Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus: A Scoping Review

Mustapa A, Justine M, Latir AA, Manaf H

To promote optimal healthcare delivery in type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) following the outbreak of coronavirus disease 2019, adopting home-based physical activity (PA) is being seriously considered. Therefore, this study...
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Exercise/Resistance Training and Muscle Stem Cells

Fukada Si, Nakamura A

Skeletal muscle has attracted attention as endocrine organ, because exercise-dependent cytokines called myokines/exerkines are released from skeletal muscle and are involved in systemic functions. While, local mechanical loading to skeletal...
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Effects of Strengthening and Stretching Exercises on the Temporospatial Gait Parameters in Patients With Plantar Fasciitis: A Randomized Controlled Trial

Thong-On S, Bovonsunthonchai S, Vachalathiti R, Intiravoranont W, Suwannarat S, Smith R

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effects of physical therapy interventions using strengthening and stretching exercise programs on pain and temporospatial gait parameters in patients with plantar fasciitis (PF). METHODS: Eighty-four patients with...
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Impact of Resistance Training on Obesity index, Lipid Index, Blood Pressure, Pulse Rate, and Bone Mineral Densitometer in Middle-aged Women: A Meta-analysis of Randomized Controlled Trials

Park SH, Kim CG

PURPOSE: We reviewed the effects of resistance training on obesity index, lipid index, blood pressure, pulse rate, and bone mineral densitometer in middle-aged women. METHODS: Randomized, controlled trials lasting 12 weeks...
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Associations between Allergic Rhinitis and Frequency of Muscular Exercise and Sitting Time in Korean Adolescent from the 2016 Korean Youth's Risk Behavior Web-Based Study

Kim GH, Park DY, Lee O, Kim YS

PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to analyze the association between allergic rhinitis and frequency of muscular exercise and sitting time in Korean adolescents. METHODS: We performed logistic regression analysis...
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Effects of Resistance Exercise and Fermented Soybean Consumption on Glucose Tolerance and Expressions of Immune Senescence-Related Myokines in Middle-Aged Obese Rats

Kim K, Ahn N, Jung S, Ju Y, Lee G, Kim M, Jeong Y

BACKGROUND: It is important for older adults to prevent sarcopenia, but there are not currently effective methods to maintain or improve skeletal muscle function or immune function in this population....
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Ursolic acid supplementation decreases markers of skeletal muscle damage during resistance training in resistance-trained men: a pilot study

Bang HS, Seo DY, Chung YM, Kim DH, Lee SJ, Lee SR, Kwak HB, Kim TN, Kim M, Oh KM, Son YJ, Kim S, Han J

Ursolic acid (UA) supplementation was previously shown to improve skeletal muscle function in resistance-trained men. This study aimed to determine, using the same experimental paradigm, whether UA also has beneficial...
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Responsiveness of Gait Speed to Physical Exercise Interventions in At-risk Older Adults: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis

Lim J, Lim JY

BACKGROUND: In at-risk older adults, gait speed is an important factor associated with quality of life and falling risk. In this study, we assessed whether therapeutic exercise could improve gait...
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Effects of Intra-dialytic, Short-term Resistance Exercise on Physical Fitness, Depression and Dialysis Adequacy

Lee O, Kim MH, Lee CH, Oh IH, Kim YS

This study aims to identify effects of intra-dialytic, short-term strength exercises on physical fitness, depression and dialysis adequacy. In addition, we aim to examine the minimum level of momentum that...
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The Effect of Regular Exercise on Insulin Sensitivity in Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis

Way KL, Hackett DA, Baker MK, Johnson NA

The purpose of this study was to examine the effect of regular exercise training on insulin sensitivity in adults with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) using the pooled data available...
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Acute Resistance Exercise Attenuates the Cardiovascular Reactivity to Cold Pressor Test in Healthy Adults

Yoon ES, Park SH, Lee YH, Jae SY

Increased cardiovascular reactivity to sympathetic challenge is associated with increased risk of hypertension and cardiovascular disease. Acute aerobic exercise blunts stress related cardiovascular reactivity, but whether acute resistance exercise attenuates...
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