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Prevalence and Clinical Characteristics of Asymptomatic Pyuria in Chronic Kidney Disease

Kwon YE, Oh DJ, Kim MJ, Choi HM

BACKGROUND: Pyuria seems to be common in chronic kidney disease (CKD), irrespective of urinary tract infection (UTI). It has been hypothesized that sterile pyuria occurs in CKD because of chronic...
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Reasons and Risk Factors for Readmission Following Hospitalization for Community-acquired Pneumonia in South Korea

Jang JG, Ahn JH

BACKGROUND: Limited studies have been performed to assess readmission following hospitalization for community-acquired pneumonia (CAP) in an Asian population. We evaluated the rates, reasons, and risk factors for 30-day readmission...
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Liver Graft Failure and Bile Cast Nephropathy

Mrzljak A, Jurekovic , Novak R, Maksimovic B, Mikulic D, Galesic Ljubanovic D

The consequences of graft failure after liver transplantation (LT) range far beyond the liver. The kidneys are often affected, where persistent and progressive cholestasis can result in acute kidney injury...
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Novel ABCD1 Gene Mutation in a Korean Patient with X-Linked Adrenoleukodystrophy Presenting with Addison's Disease

Cho YK, Lee SY, Kim SW

X-linked adrenoleukodystrophy (X-ALD) occurs due to mutations in the ABCD1 gene that encodes the peroxisomal membrane protein peroxisomal transporter ATP-binding cassette sub-family D member 1 (ABCD1). Degradation of very long-chain...
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Current Understanding of Mineral and Bone Disorders of Chronic Kidney Disease and the Scientific Grounds on the Use of Exogenous Parathyroid Hormone in Its Management

Pazianas M, Miller PD

Chronic Kidney disease (CKD) disturbs mineral homeostasis leading to mineral and bone disorders (MBD). Serum calcium and phosphate (Pi) remain normal until the late stages of CKD at the expense...
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Dietary nobiletin suppresses TGF-β1-Src-caveolin-1 dependent signaling involved with high glucose-induced renal mesangial matrix accumulation

Kim DY, Kang YH, Kang MK

PURPOSE: Diabetic nephropathy is one of the most important diabetic complications prompted by chronic hyperglycemia, characterized by glomerulosclerosis, tubular fibrosis, and it eventually causes kidney failure. Nobiletin is a polymethoxyflavone...
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Evogliptin, a Dipeptidyl Peptidase-4 Inhibitor, Attenuates Renal Fibrosis Caused by Unilateral Ureteral Obstruction in Mice

Kim MJ, Kim NY, Jung YA, Lee S, Jung GS, Kim JG, Lee IK, Lee S, Choi YK, Park KG

Renal fibrosis is considered to be the final common outcome of chronic kidney disease. Dipeptidyl peptidase-4 (DPP-4) inhibitors have demonstrated protective effects against diabetic kidney disease. However, the anti-fibrotic effect...
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Metformin Treatment for Patients with Diabetes and Chronic Kidney Disease: A Korean Diabetes Association and Korean Society of Nephrology Consensus Statement

Hur KY, Kim MK, Ko SH, Han M, Lee DW, Kwon HS, Committee of Clinical Practice Guidelines, Korean Diabetes Association, Committee of the Cooperative Studies, Korean Society of Nephrology

The safety of metformin use for patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) and advanced kidney disease is controversial, and more recent guidelines have suggested that metformin be used cautiously...
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Association Between Serum Bilirubin and the Progression of Carotid Atherosclerosis in Type 2 Diabetes

Lee I, Lee HH, Cho Y, Choi YJ, Huh BW, Lee BW, Kang ES, Park SW, Cha BS, Lee EJ, Lee YH, Huh KB

OBJECTIVE: This study investigated whether serum bilirubin levels can predict the progression of carotid atherosclerosis in individuals with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). METHODS: This observational study included 1,381 subjects with...
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Drug-induced nephrotoxicity

Bae E, Lee TW, Park DJ

Drugs are a common cause of acute and chronic kidney disease and contribute to patient morbidity and increased healthcare utilization. Drug-induced nephrotoxicity is approximately 14% to 26% in adults and...
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Cardiorenal syndrome

Kim MG

To maintain homeostasis of the cardiovascular system, the heart and kidney act bidirectionally. Therefore, acute or chronic dysfunction of one organ can cause dysfunction in the other. This phenomenon is...
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Kidney disease in patients with chronic liver disease

Chang JH

The kidneys are closely connected with several organs, including the liver, and can therefore be negatively affected when the liver is damaged. The most common cause of chronic liver disease...
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Performance Evaluation of MEDITAPE UC-11A Strip Test in Estimating the Urine Albumin-to-Creatinine Ratio and Urine Protein-to-Creatinine Ratio

Yu S, Song SA, Jun KR, Lee JN

BACKGROUND: Proteinuria, including albuminuria, is a primary or major clinical sign of kidney disease. The urine albumin-to-creatinine ratio (UACR) and urine protein-to-creatinine ratio (UPCR) are used to screen patients with...
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Relationship between Cardiac Geometry and Serum Hepcidin in Chronic Kidney Disease: Analysis from the KNOW-CKD Study

Min HK, Oh YK, Choi KH, Lee KB, Park SK, Ahn C, Lee SW

BACKGROUND: Few studies have examined the relationship between cardiac function and geometry and serum hepcidin levels in patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD). We aimed to identify the relationship between...
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Predictors of early postoperative hypocalcemia after total parathyroidectomy in renal hyperparathyroidism

Tan PG, Ab. Hadi I, Zahari Z, Yahya MM, Wan Zain W, Wong MP, Ramely R, Md Hashim , Syed Abd. Aziz SH, Zakaria Z, Zakaria AD

PURPOSE: Patients with secondary hyperparathyroidism are at high risk for developing postoperative hypocalcemia. However, there are limited data regarding predictors of postoperative hypocalcemia in renal failure patient with secondary hyperparathyroidism....
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Effect of Dialysis on Aryl Hydrocarbon Receptor Transactivating Activity in Patients with Chronic Kidney Disease

Kim JT, Kim SH, Min HK, Jeon SJ, Sung SA, Park WH, Lee HK, Choi HS, Pak YK, Lee SY

PURPOSE: Elevated aryl hydrocarbon receptor (AhR) transactivating (AHRT) activity and uremia in chronic kidney disease (CKD) may interact with each other, further complicating the disease course. In this study, we...
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Clinical Features of Geriatric Syndromes in Older Koreans with Diabetes Mellitus

Moon S, Roh YK, Yoon JL, Jang KU, Jung HJ, Yoo HJ, Jang HC, Geriatric Syndromes Study Group of Korea Geriatrics Society

BACKGROUND: This study explored the prevalence and clinical characteristics of geriatric syndromes among Korean older adults with diabetes mellitus (DM). METHODS: We used data from the 2017 National Survey of Older...
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Association between Chronic Kidney Disease and Sleep Duration among Jeju Farmers: Safety for Agricultural Injuries of Farmers Cohort Study

Kim M, Song SW, Oh JH

OBJECTIVES: This study was conducted to identify the association between sleep duration and chronic kidney disease (CKD) among the agriculture population. METHODS: We utilized the study of Safety for Agricultural Injuries...
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Intrathyroidal Parathyroid Carcinoma in Chronic Kidney Disease: A Case Report and Review of Literature

Kim MK, Song CM, Tae K, Ji YB

When parathyroid carcinoma occurs in the thyroid gland, it is very difficult to diagnose before surgery because imaging studies and aspiration cytology cannot distinguish parathyroid carcinoma from thyroid nodule or...
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Leukostasis by hyperleukocytic childhood acute leukemia: pathophysiology, clinical presentation, and emergency care

Nam KL, Baek GY, Jeon IS

Hyperleukocytosis (HL), defined by a peripheral white blood cell (WBC) count exceeding 100,000/mm³, is occasionally observed in childhood acute leukemia. The increased viscosity in the micro-circulation by HL and the...
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