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Opioids and Antidepressants for Pain Control in Musculoskeletal Disease

Park SJ, Kim WS, Jang T

The progression of aging and the increase in musculoskeletal diseases have led to an increase in invasive treatment methods, including various surgical methods, but conservative treatment should be attempted before...
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Effect of sec-O-glucosylhamaudol on mechanical allodynia in a rat model of postoperative pain

Koh GH, Song H, Kim SH, Yoon MH, Lim KJ, Oh SH, Jung KT

BACKGROUND: This study was performed in order to examine the effect of intrathecal sec-O-glucosylhamaudol (SOG), an extract from the root of the Peucedanum japonicum Thunb., on incisional pain in a...
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Naltrexone-associated Visual Hallucinations: A Case Report

Lee DB, Woo YS, Bahk WM

Naltrexone is a competitive antagonist of μ, δ, and κ opioid receptors. Naltrexone has been investigated for use an as anti-obesity agent in both the general population and in patients...
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Participation of Opioid Pathway in the Central Antinociceptive Effects of Eugenol

Kang SH, Kang SW, Kim JH, Kim HY, Ryu HS, Bae SY, Oh JA, Lee JH, Hyun JH, Ahn DK

The aim of the present study was to evaluate the central antinociceptive effects of eugenol after intraperitoneal administration. Experiments were carried out using male Sprague-Dawley rats. Subcutaneous injection of 5%...
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Mechanisms involved in adenosine pharmacological preconditioning-induced cardioprotection

Singh L, Kulshrestha R, Singh N, Jaggi AS

Adenosine is a naturally occurring breakdown product of adenosine triphosphate and plays an important role in different physiological and pathological conditions. Adenosine also serves as an important trigger in ischemic...
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Can oliceridine (TRV130), an ideal novel µ receptor G protein pathway selective (µ-GPS) modulator, provide analgesia without opioid-related adverse reactions?

Ok HG, Kim SY, Lee SJ, Kim TK, Huh BK, Kim KH

All drugs have both favorable therapeutic and untoward adverse effects. Conventional opioid analgesics possess both analgesia and adverse reactions, such as nausea, vomiting, and respiratory depression. The opioid ligand binds...
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Expression of µ-Opioid Receptor in CA1 Hippocampal Astrocytes

Nam MH, Han KS, Lee J, Bae JY, An H, Park S, Oh SJ, Kim E, Hwang E, Bae YC, Lee CJ

µ-opioid receptor (MOR) is a class of opioid receptors with a high affinity for enkephalins and beta-endorphin. In hippocampus, activation of MOR is known to enhance the neuronal excitability of...
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Comprehensive Analysis of Non-Synonymous Natural Variants of G Protein-Coupled Receptors

Kim HR, Duc NM, Chung KY

G protein-coupled receptors (GPCRs) are the largest superfamily of transmembrane receptors and have vital signaling functions in various organs. Because of their critical roles in physiology and pathology, GPCRs are...
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Differential expression of spinal γ-aminobutyric acid and opioid receptors modulates the analgesic effects of intrathecal curcumin on postoperative/inflammatory pain in rats

Ju J, Shin JY, Yoon JJ, Yin M, Yoon MH

BACKGROUND: Curcumin is traditionally used as an herbal medicine. We explored the efficacy of intrathecal curcumin in relieving both postoperative and inflammatory pain and elucidated the mechanisms of action of...
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Antinociceptive effect of intrathecal sec-O-glucosylhamaudol on the formalin-induced pain in rats

Kim SH, Jong HS, Yoon MH, Oh SH, Jung KT

BACKGROUND: The root of Peucedanum japonicum Thunb., a perennial herb found in Japan, the Philippines, China, and Korea, is used as an analgesic. In a previous study, sec-O-glucosylhamaudol (SOG) showed...
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Tapentadol: Can It Kill Two Birds with One Stone without Breaking Windows?

Chang EJ, Choi EJ, Kim KH

Tapentadol is a novel oral analgesic with a dual mode of action as an agonist of the µ-opioid receptor (MOR), and as a norepinephrine reuptake inhibitor (NRI) all in a...
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Mu-Opioid Receptor Polymorphisms and Breast Cancer in a Korean Female Adult Population: A Retrospective Study

Oh CS, Lee SH, Yoo YB, Yang JH, Kim SH

Distribution of A118G single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) in the mu-opioid receptor 1 gene (OPRM1) differs with ethnicity. We assessed the distribution of this SNP in Korean women with breast cancer...
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STEP signaling pathway mediates psychomotor stimulation and morphine withdrawal symptoms, but not for reward, analgesia and tolerance

Kim YJ, Kang Y, Park HY, Lee JR, Yu DY, Murata T, Gondo Y, Hwang JH, Kim YH, Lee CH, Rhee M, Han PL, Chung BH, Lee HJ, Kim KS

Striatal-enriched protein tyrosine phosphatase (STEP) is abundantly expressed in the striatum, which strongly expresses dopamine and opioid receptors and mediates the effects of many drugs of abuse. However, little is...
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Vitamin E Potentiates the Anti-nociceptive Effects by Intraperitoneal Administration of Lidocaine in Rats

Kim HJ, Yang HJ, Kim SH, Kim DA, Kim SJ, Park HN, Ju JS, Ahn DK

The present study was to evaluate effects of vitamin E on intravenous administration of lidocaine-induced antinociception. Experiments were carried out using male Sprague-Dawley rats. Orofacial formalin-induced nociceptive behavioral responses were...
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The Role of Visceral Hypersensitivity in Irritable Bowel Syndrome: Pharmacological Targets and Novel Treatments

Farzaei MH, Bahramsoltani R, Abdollahi , Rahimi R

  • KMID: 2433449
  • J Neurogastroenterol Motil.
  • 2016 Oct;22(4):558-574.
  • doi: 10.5056/jnm16001
Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) is the most common disorder referred to gastroenterologists and is characterized by altered bowel habits, abdominal pain, and bloating. Visceral hypersensitivity (VH) is a multifactorial process...
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The effects of hydromorphone on astrocytic responses in cerebral ischemia

Lee CH, Park YC, Kim JH, Kim WY, Lee YS, Kim YH, Min TJ

BACKGROUND: Ischemic insult during operation could cause ischemic-reperfusion injuries in brain and memory impairments. Total intravenous anesthesia (TIVA) is preferred in brain surgery to promote the use of motor evoked...
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Effect of Exercise on micro-Opioid Receptor Expression in the Rostral Ventromedial Medulla in Neuropathic Pain Rat Model

Kim YJ, Byun JH, Choi IS

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effects of aerobic exercise on neuropathic pain and verify whether regular treadmill exercise alters opioid receptor expression in the rostral ventral medulla (RVM) in a neuropathic...
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Effects of micro-Opioid Receptor Gene Polymorphism on Postoperative Nausea and Vomiting in Patients Undergoing General Anesthesia with Remifentanil: Double Blinded Randomized Trial

Lee SH, Kim JD, Park SA, Oh CS, Kim SH

Association between postoperative nausea and vomiting (PONV) and micro-opioid receptor A118G single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) is undefined and might underlie inconsistent results of studies on PONV occurrence in patients undergoing...
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The Effects of Pre-emptive Administration of Ketamine and norBNI on Pain Behavior, c-Fos, and Prodynorphin Protein Expression in the Rat Spinal Cord after Formalin-induced Pain Is Modulated by the DREAM Protein

Long I, Suppian R, Ismail Z

BACKGROUND: We investigated the effects of pre-emptive administration of ketamine and norBNI on pain behavior and the expression of DREAM, c-Fos, and prodynorphin proteins on the ipsilateral side of the...
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Effects of Co-Administration of Intrathecal Nociceptin/Orphanin FQ and Opioid Antagonists on Formalin-Induced Pain in Rats

Lee H

PURPOSE: Nociceptin/orphanin FQ (N/OFQ) as an endogeneous hexadecapeptide is known to exert antinociceptive effects spinally. The aims of this study were to demonstrate the antinociceptive effects of i.t. N/OFQ and...
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