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Effects of Instability Tools on Muscles Activities in Lunge Exercise in Healthy Adult Males

Kim K, Lee J, Lee J, Lee J

PURPOSE: This study was to investigate the effect of instability on the activation of lower limb muscles during lunge exercise. METHODS: The study subjects were healthy twenties and were selected to...
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A Modified Under-Vastus Approach for Knee Arthroplasty with Anatomical Repair of Soft Tissue

Hiranaka T, Tanaka T, Fujishiro , Anjiki K, Nagata N, Kitazawa D, Kotoura K, Okamoto K

The under-vastus approach (UVA) is a modification of the conventional subvastus approach for knee arthroplasty. Our modified UVA allows the muscles to be spared while offering good exposure of the...
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Effectiveness of ultrasonographic skeletal muscle assessment in patients after total knee arthroplasty

Kitsuda Y, Tanimura C, Inoue K, Park D, Osaki M, Hagino H

OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to characterize the skeletal muscles of patients who underwent total knee arthroplasty (TKA) using ultrasonography in order to investigate the effectiveness of ultrasonographic skeletal muscle assessment...
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Determinants of Bone Mass and Insulin Resistance in Korean Postmenopausal Women: Muscle Area, Strength, or Composition?

Park HS, Lim JS, Lim SK

PURPOSE: Muscle mass, strength, and composition determine muscle quantity and quality. However, data on muscle properties in relation to bone mass or insulin resistance are limited in Asian populations. This...
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Effects of Squatting with Different Foot Positions on Muscle Activations in Subjects with Genu Varum

Seo J, Chang J, Lee M

PURPOSE: This study examined the effects of squatting with different foot positions on the muscle activation of the vastus medialis oblique (VMO) and vastus lateralis (VL) muscles in subjects with...
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Irreducible Knee Dislocation with Vastus Medialis Muscle Interposition

Al-Juhani , Ahmed B, AlMugren T

Knee dislocation is one of the rare orthopedic emergencies that require special management with an annual incidence rate of less than 0.02%. Knee dislocations are classified by Kennedy, according to...
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The analgesic efficacy of the continuous adductor canal block compared to continuous intravenous fentanyl infusion with a single-shot adductor canal block in total knee arthroplasty: a randomized controlled trial

Kim MK, Moon HY, Ryu CG, Kang H, Lee HJ, Shin HY

BACKGROUND: The adductor canal block (ACB) is an effective intervention for postoperative analgesia following total knee arthroplasty (TKA). However, the ideal ACB regimen has not yet been established. We compared...
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Influence of Transcranial Direct Current Stimulation on Lower Limb Muscle Activation and Balance Ability in Soccer Player

Yang DJ, Park SK, Uhm YH

PURPOSE: This study is to investigate influence of tDCS on lower limb muscle activity and balance ability in soccer player. METHODS: Sessions were conducted with 15 subjects in tDCS group and...
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Electromyography-signal-based muscle fatigue assessment for knee rehabilitation monitoring systems

Kim H, Lee J, Kim J

This study suggested a new EMG-signal-based evaluation method for knee rehabilitation that provides not only fragmentary information like muscle power but also in-depth information like muscle fatigue in the field...
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Effects of Sling and Resistance Rotation Exercises on Pelvic Rotation and Pain in Patients with Chronic Low Back Pain

Kim DH, Kim TH

PURPOSE: This study compared the different sling and resistance exercises on pelvic rotation during active straight leg raises (ASLR) and on pain in patients with chronic low back pain (CLBP). METHODS:...
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Muscle Thickness and Echo Intensity of the Abdominal and Lower Extremity Muscles in Stroke Survivors

Monjo H, Fukumoto Y, Asai T, Shuntoh H

BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: This study compared the muscle thickness (MT) and echo intensity (EI) of the abdominal, thigh, and lower leg muscles between the paretic and nonparetic sides in chronic...
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Evaluation of Reliability of Tensiomyography Measurement

Chai JH, Kim BK, Choi HJ, Bae SW

PURPOSE: This study is designed to evaluate the reliability for studies of tensiomyography (TMG). TMG can evaluate muscle function noninvasively and selectively. METHODS: We measured 12 male volunteers (age, 26.5±7.6 years;...
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The Effect of Neuromuscular Electrical Stimulation on Pulmonary Function, Gait Ability, and Quality of Life in Patients with Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease

Kang JI, Park JS, Jeong DK

PURPOSE: This study aims to investigate the changes in pulmonary function, gait ability, and quality of life when NMES is applied along with CBE and to provide basic clinical data...
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A Comparison of the Results from Femoral Nerve Block Using Different Concentration of Ropivacaine after Total Knee Arthroplasty

Huh JW, Park MJ, Ko YC, Ha DJ, Park SH, Park TH, Park JH

PURPOSE: Peripheral nerve block is one of the many options available to reduce pain after total knee arthroplasty. Among the various kinds of peripheral nerve block procedure, femoral nerve block...
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Relationship Between Functional Level and Muscle Thickness in Young Children With Cerebral Palsy

Choe YR, Kim JS, Kim KH, Yi TI

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the relationship between functional level and muscle thickness (MT) of the rectus femoris (RF) and the gastrocnemius (GCM) in young children with cerebral palsy (CP). METHODS: The study...
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Effects of Very High Stimulation Frequency and Wide-Pulse Duration on Stimulated Force and Fatigue of Quadriceps in Healthy Participants

Rongsawad , Ratanapinunchai J

OBJECTIVE: To determine the effect of very high stimulation frequency (150 and 200 Hz) with wide pulse duration versus 50 Hz with wide pulse duration on stimulated force and fatigue...
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Effects of Knee Extension Exercise Using Blood Flow Restriction on the Thickness and Balance Ability of Tendons

Park JC, Kim YN

PURPOSE: This study examined the effects of knee extension exercise using blood flow restriction on the changes in the thickness and static balance ability of the tendon of the rectus...
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Effects of Repetitive Peripheral Magnetic Stimulation Over Vastus Lateralis in Patients After Hip Replacement Surgery

Baek J, Park N, Lee B, Jee S, Yang S, Kang S

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effects of repetitive peripheral magnetic stimulation (rPMS) on the vastus lateralis (VL) in the early stage after hip replacement surgery. METHODS: Twenty-two patients who underwent hip replacement...
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The Effect of Electrical Muscle Stimulation and In-bed Cycling on Muscle Strength and Mass of Mechanically Ventilated Patients: A Pilot Study

Woo K, Kim J, Kim HB, Choi H, Kim K, Lee D, Na S

BACKGROUND: Critically ill patients experience muscle weakness, which leads to functional disability. Both functional electrical stimulation (FES) and in-bed cycling can be an alternative measure for intensive care unit (ICU)...
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Analysis of Lower Extremity Contraction According to Gender Using Tensiomyography

Kim BK, Chai JH, Kim C, Kim CH, Bae SW

Tensiomyography (TMG) is used to evaluate the contraction characteristics of the thigh muscles according to gender. Our hypothesis is that male's maximal displacement (Dm) will be lower than the control...
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