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Acute Hemodynamic Changes after Single Administration of Udenafil in Pulmonary Arterial Hypertension: a Phase IIa Study

Chang SA, Kim HK, Chang HJ, Kim DK

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Udenafil, a new phosphodiesterase-5 inhibitor (PDE5i), has been used to treat erectile dysfunction. Given the proven benefit of PDE5i in pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH), we evaluated serial...
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Reversible Pulmonary Hypertension due to Sick Sinus Syndrome

Park JW, Uhm JS, Kim DJ, Park DH, Kim K, Cho H, Chang HJ

A 60-year-old man visited the hospital after experiencing dyspnea after exertion for 2 weeks. An electrocardiogram showed sinus arrest with junctional escape rhythm at 40 beats/min. Transthoracic echocardiography showed that...
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Comparison of cardiopulmonary hemodynamic changes according to different ethanol bolus injection doses in piglets: the applicability of the study of ethanol injection effects on cardiopulmonary hemodynamic changes in sclerotherapy of congenital arteriovenous malformations

Shin BS, Lee BD, Hahm TS, Kim CS

BACKGROUND: Ethanol injection during a sclerotherapy for the treatment of arteriovenous malformation, which performed under general anesthesia, can cause significant hemodynamic changes, even cardiovascular collapse. However, guideline for adequate management...
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Assessment of Parameters Measured with Volumetric Pulmonary Artery Catheter as Predictors of Fluid Responsiveness in Patients with Coronary Artery Occlusive Disease

Lee JY, Kwak YL, Lee JH, Shim JK, Yoo KJ, Hong SB

  • KMID: 1987454
  • Korean J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg.
  • 2008 Feb;41(1):41-48.
BACKGROUND: Accurate assessment of the preload and the fluid responsiveness is of great importance for optimizing cardiac output, especially in those patients with coronary artery occlusive disease (CAOD). In this...
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A Case of Congenital Pulmonary Vein Stenosis Diagnosed in an Infant with Recurrent Hemoptysis

Jung CW, Lee SY, Yu J, Kim BJ, Yun TJ, Ko JK, Hong SJ

  • KMID: 2314579
  • Pediatr Allergy Respir Dis.
  • 2007 Dec;17(4):434-439.
Congenital pulmonary vein stenosis is a rare cardiac malformation with a poor prognosis and is not easy to diagnose, because symptoms emerge in infants accompanying progressively worsening pulmonary hypertension. A...
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Correlation between Thrombolysis in Myocardial Infarction, the Myocardial Perfusion Grade and the Myocardial Viability Indices after Primary Percutaneous Coronary Intervention in ST Segment Elevation Myocardial Infarction

Woo SI, Tahk SJ, Yoon MH, Choi SY, Choi BJ, Lim HS, Yang HM, Hwang GS, Shin JH, Kang SJ, Choi UJ, Hwang JW, Seo GW, Kim JW, Park JS

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: The thrombolysis in myocardial infarction (TIMI) myocardial perfusion grade (TMPG) is associated with the long term clinical outcomes. This study compared the TMPG with the myocardial viability...
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B-type Natriuretic Peptide (BNP) as a Predictive Marker after Heart Transplantation

Shin HJ, Song MG, Kim HJ, Choo SJ, Kim JJ

  • KMID: 1520032
  • Korean J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg.
  • 2007 Aug;40(8):552-557.
BACKGROUND: B-type natriuretic peptide (BNP) is a cardiac hormone that is primarily synthesized by the ventricular cardiac myocytes. Increased plasma BNP levels have been observed in patients suffering with congestive...
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A Novel Index of Microcirculatory Resistance for Invasively Assessing Myocardial Viability after Primary Angioplasty for Treating Acute Myocardial Infarction: Comparison with FDG-PET Imaging

Lim HS, Tahk SJ, Yoon MH, Woo SI, Choi WJ, Hwang JW, Li DH, Seo KW, Park JS, Kim JW, Kang SJ, Choi BJ, Choi SY, Hwang GS, Shin JH

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: The state of the coronary microcirculation is an important determinant of the myocardial viability and clinical outcomes for patients suffering with acute myocardial infarction (AMI). However, there...
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The Effects of Magnesium Infusion on Left Ventricular Stroke Work Index during off Pump Coronary Artery Bypass Grafting

Kim TG, Chin YJ, Lee JH, Lee SC

  • KMID: 1882626
  • Anesth Pain Med.
  • 2007 Jul;2(3):132-136.
BACKGROUND: The administration of magnesium provides cellular protection during ischemia, improves the contractile response of the stunned myocardium, increases the threshold for the electrical excitation of myocardial cells, presents arrhythmia,...
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A Case of Swan-Ganz Catheter Malposition: A case report

Ok SY, Bae SC, Kim HH

A Swan-Ganz catheter is a useful monitoring device for measuring the pulmonary artery pressure, pulmonary capillary wedge pressure and cardiac output, but its insertion brings about many complications, including dysrhythmias,...
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Comparison between Microvascular Integrity Indexes Assessed by Pressure/Doppler Wire and %FDG Uptake in AMI following Primary PCI

Yoon MH, Tahk SJ, Choi SY, Choi BJ, Joe DY, Koh BR, Lim HS, Woo SI, Whang JW, Choi JH, Zheng ZG, Kang SJ, Hwang GS, Shin JH

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES : Microvascular integrity has been associated with the clinical outcomes in acute myocardial infarction (AMI). The present study was conducted to determine the value of many microvascular...
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The Effect of Diabetes Mellitus on Vasoconstrictor Requirement and Hemodynamic Parameters in Patients Undergoing Off Pump Coronary Artery Bypass Graft Surgery

Kim DH, Oh YJ, Shim JK, Kim CS, Lee HS, Kwak YL

  • KMID: 1804763
  • Anesth Pain Med.
  • 2006 Jul;1(1):29-35.
BACKGROUND: Autonomic neuropathy is frequently developed in patients with diabetets mellitus (DM) and is associated with increased perioperative hemodynamic instability. This study investigated the effect of DM on vasoconstrictor requirement...
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Hemodynamic Effects of Simulated Ventricular Tachycardia and Supraventricular Tachycardia in Dogs

Rho TH, Lee MY, Oh YS, Jin SW, Shin WS, Kim HY, Cho EJ, Kim JH, Choi KB, Hong SJ

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Tachycardias have various clinical features according to the heart rate, the left ventricular systolic function, the site of origin and the mechanisms of the tachycardias. The primary...
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Effects of Insulin on the Resuscitation by Epinephrine for Bupivacaine-Induced Cardiovascular Depression in Dogs

Hahm TS, Shin BS, Kim CS, Lee SM, Yeo JS, Hwang HY, Lee KH, Cho HS

BACKGROUND: Because of the difficulty of resuscitation caused by bupivacaine-induced cardiotoxicity, the choice of resuscitation medication is still unclear. We investigated whether insulin can improve outcomes of resuscitation by epinephrine...
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Left Atriotomy Entrapment of Pulmonary Artery Catheter during Mitral Valve Replacement: A case report

Shim JK, Na S, Kim HS, Kwak YL

A 51-yr-old man underwent mitral valve replacement and tricuspid valve repair due to mitral and tricuspid regurgitation under cardiopulmonary bypass. The pulmonary artery (PA) catheter was inserted easily via right...
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A Comparison of Tissue Doppler Echocardiography and B-Type Natriuretic Peptide in Estimating Pulmonary Capillary Wedge Pressure

Bae WH, Lee HG, Oh JH, Lee DW, Ahn BJ, Kim SH, Lee JS, Kim MY, Kim YS, Lee HC, Kim J, Kim JH, Chun KJ, Hong TJ, Shin YW

  • KMID: 1509688
  • J Cardiovasc Ultrasound.
  • 2006 Mar;14(1):12-18.
BACKGROUND: There are several echocardiographic parameters, such as early transmitral velocity/tissue Doppler mitral annular early diastolic velocity(E/Ea) or deceleration time, reported to be reliable indices to estimate pulmonary capillary wedge...
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Development and Experimental Evaluation of Respiratory Assist Device by Use of Right Thoracic Negative Pressure Ventilation

Oh JH, Lee SH, Lim HK, Lee YH, Kim SH

  • KMID: 2228498
  • Korean J Crit Care Med.
  • 2005 Dec;20(2):165-169.
BACKGROUND: A diaphragm pacing with electrical stimulation is a new respiratory assist device which has advantages over mechanical ventilation. Unilateral phrenic nerve stimulation makes uneven distribution of intrathoracic negative pressure...
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Effect of Protective Strategy on Outcome in Patients with Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome (ARDS)

Seo MS, Lee PB, Lee YJ

BACKGROUND: A strategy of mechanical ventilation that limits tidal volume while permitting hypercapnia has been recommended for patients with the acute respiratory distress syndrome. We attempted to evaluate...
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The Potential of Peripheral Venous Pressure as a Substitutional Hemodynamic Parameter of Central Venous Pressure in Hypovolemic Patients with Coronary Artery Disease

Lee JH, Kwak YL, Oh YJ, Shinn HK, Kim SH, Lee KH, Bang SO

BACKGROUND: Peripheral venous pressure (PVP) was known to have significant correlation with central venous pressure (CVP) in patients with normal and abnormal cardiac function. The purpose of this study...
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Hemodynamics of Milrinone and Low-Dose Vasopressin Infusion during OPCAB

Jeon Y, Kim D, Yoon T, We S, Yoon S, Park J, Ham B

BACKGROUND: AVP (arginine vasopressin) shows unique hemodynamic characteristics, as a vasopressor. AVP has been tried in many cathecholamine refractory vasodilatory situations, and sometimes resulted in effective hemodynamic improvement. In this...
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