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Cauda Equina Syndrome after Percutaneous Balloon Kyphoplasty for Pathologic Compression Fracture

Park SJ, Park MH, Park JW, Cho KJ

Percutaneous balloon kyphoplasty is an option for pain relief in pathological vertebral compression fractures. Complications related to cement leakage through cortical defects have been reported. On the other hand, dural...
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The Evidence for Nonoperative Treatment of Lumbar Spinal Diseases

Kim HS, Ahn DK, Seo HY, Kim CS, Kim MJ

STUDY DESIGN: Review article. OBJECTIVES: To assess the evidence for nonoperative treatment of various degenerative spinal degenerative diseases. SUMMARY OF LITERATURE REVIEW: No study has yet evaluated the evidence for preoperative nonoperative...
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Cauda Equina Syndrome Occurred by Adhesive Arachnoiditis of the Lumbar Spine with an Unknown Cause

Jeon HS, Hwang SH, Suh SP, Kim JN

Spinal adhesive arachnoiditis is an inflammation and fibrosis of the subarachnoid space and pia mater caused by infection, trauma, spinal vascular anomalies, and iatrogenic (surgery and/or puncture). Adhesive arachnoiditis develops...
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Biportal Endoscopic Spinal Surgery for Lumbar Intervertebral Disc Herniation

Lee HJ, Choi DJ, Park EJ

Herniation of the intervertebral disc is a medical disease manifesting as a bulging out of the nucleus pulposus or annulus fibrosis beyond the normal position. Most lumbar disc herniation cases...
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Does the Surgical Timing and Decompression Alone or Fusion Surgery in Lumbar Stenosis Influence Outcome in Cauda Equina Syndrome?

Dave BR, Samal P, Sangvi R, Degulmadi , Patel D, Krishnan A

STUDY DESIGN: A retrospective comparative analysis of 64 patients with cauda equina syndrome (CES), who underwent either decompression alone (NF) or fusion (F) surgery. PURPOSE: We compared the outcomes and timing...
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Motor dominant polyradiculopathy with Primary Sjögren's syndrome mimicking motor neuron disease

Ahn SW, Yoon BN

Sjögren's syndrome (SS)-associated polyradiculopathy is rarely reported. A 51-year-old woman presented with a history of gradual weakness in all four extremities for several months. Based on electrophysiological studies, spinal magnetic...
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Bladder Recovery Patterns in Patients with Complete Cauda Equina Syndrome: A Single-Center Study

Reddy AP, Mahajan R, Rustagi T, Chhabra HS

STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective case series. PURPOSE: Cauda equina syndrome (CES) is associated with etiologies such as lumbar disc herniation (LDH) and lumbar canal stenosis (LCS). CES has a prevalence of 2%...
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Factors Associated With Longer Postoperative Outpatient Follow-up Duration in Patients With Single Lumbar Disc Herniation: A Noncomplicated Patient Cohort Study

Her Y, Kang SH, Cho YJ, Yang JS, Jeon JP, Choi HJ

OBJECTIVE: Many reports have described the outcomes of surgical treatment of lumbar disc herniation (LDH). However, few reports have investigated the treatment period after lumbar disc surgery. If no complications...
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Posterior Epidural Migration of a Lumbar Intervertebral Disc Fragment Resembling a Spinal Tumor: A Case Report

Kim H, Kwon BS, Park JW, Lee HJ, Lee JW, Lee EK, Park TJ, Kim HJ, Cho Y, Kim T, Nam K

Posterior epidural migration of a lumbar intervertebral disc fragment (PEMLIF) is uncommon because of anatomical barriers. It is difficult to diagnose PEMLIF definitively because of its relatively rare incidence and...
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Intradural Extramedullary Cysticercosis Involving the Thoracolumbar Spinal Canal in a Patient with Cerebral Cysticercosis

Jeong YH, Lee YS, Eun DC, Byun CW

Neurocysticercosis (NCC) by Taenia solium is the most common parasitic infection of the central nervous system involving the cerebrum. However, spinal involvement of NCC is rare. Spinal NCC can cause...
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Neurological Complications of Posterior Spinal Surgery: Incidence and Clinical Features

Ahn DK, Lee JS, Shin WS, Yi SM, Koo KH

STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective study. OBJECTIVES: To identify clinical features and risk factors helpful for the prevention and early diagnosis of neurological complications. OVERVIEW OF LITERATURE: Previous studies have investigated postoperative complications only...
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Cauda Equina Syndrome by Facet Synovial Pseudocyst Secondary to Epidural Injection

Kang MS, Lee YR, Kim TH, Lee SH

A 77-year-old woman presented with bilateral leg weakness, accompanied by severe axial back and radicular pain, after a L4–5 epidural injection. She had been receiving misappropriated epidural injections for the...
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Retrospective Analysis of Cerebrospinal Fluid Profiles in 228 Patients with Leptomeningeal Carcinomatosis : Differences According to the Sampling Site, Symptoms, and Systemic Factors

Shim Y, Gwak HS, Kim S, Joo J, Shin SH, Yoo H

OBJECTIVE: Elevated cell counts and protein levels in cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) result from disease activity in patients with leptomeningeal carcinomatosis (LMC). Previous studies evaluated the use of CSF profiles to...
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Neurological Recovery in Two Patients with Cauda Equina Syndrome Secondary to L5 Lumbar Spine Giant Cell Tumour after Treatment with Denosumab without Surgery

Randhawa S, Kwan AK, Chiu CK, Chan CY, Kwan MK

We report two patients with cauda equina syndrome (CES) secondary to L5 giant cell tumour (GCT) who achieved good neurological recovery after treatment with denosumab without surgery. The first patient...
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Neurogenic muscle hypertrophy: a case report

Shin HH, Jeon YH, Jang SW, Kim SY

Muscular hypertrophy is caused mainly due to myopathic disorder. But, it is also rarely produced by neurogenic disorder. A 74-year-old woman complained of right calf pain with hypertrophy for several...
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The Factors That Affect Improvement of Neurogenic Bladder by Severe Lumbar Disc Herniation in Operation

Jeon JB, Yoon SH, Kim DK, Kim JY

OBJECTIVE: This study analyzed retrospectively the bladder function of patients after early surgery for cauda equina syndrome (CES) performed within 24 or 48 hours, or after 48 hours of the...
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Painful legs and moving toes syndrome in a 16-year-old girl

Kim SS, Hwang YS, Kim YC

Painful legs and moving toes (PLMT) syndrome is characterized by spontaneous movements of the digits and pain in one or both lower extremities. Of the reported cases, a majority of...
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Huge Intradural Lumbar Disc Herniation Mimicking an Intradural Spinal Tumor: A Case Report

Shin CS, Choi BY, Kim KT

STUDY DESIGN: A case report. OBJECTIVES: To report a case of cauda equine syndrome due to a lumbar intradural disc herniation. SUMMARY OF LITERATURE REVIEW: IDH is rare but there is a...
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Extensive Intradural Epidermoid Cysts with Cauda Equina Syndrome in the Lumbosacral Spine: Case Report

Ahn TK, Shin DE, Kwon YW, Lee SJ

STUDY DESIGN: A case report. OBJECTIVES: To report a rare case of extensive epidermoid cysts in the lumbosacral spine. SUMMARY OF LITERATURE REVIEW: The intradural epidermoid cyst with extensive involvement is rare,...
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Cauda Equina Syndrome due to Lumbar Ossification of the Posterior Longitudinal Ligament: A Case Report

Kim MW, Lee KY

STUDY DESIGN: A case report. OBJECTIVES: To report a rare case of cauda equina syndrome due to lumbar ossification of the posterior longitudinal ligament (OPLL). SUMMARY OF LITERATURE REVIEW: Lumbar OPLL with...
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