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Court decisions and legal considerations about the withdrawal of the life-prolonging medical care

Park JT

The Supreme Court decision made on May 21, 2009 about the withdrawal of futile life-prolonging medical care from a persistently vegetative patient provided a legal basis for patients to consent...
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Clinical and neuroimaging determinants of minimally conscious and persistent vegetative states after acute stroke

Kumral E, Bayam FE, Köken B, Erdoğan C

BACKGROUND: Patients with persistent vegetative state (PVS) show no evidence of awareness of self or their environment, and those with minimally conscious state (MCS) have severely impaired consciousness with minimal...
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Validation of Korean Version of Coma Recovery Scale-Revised (K-CRSR)

Han HJ, Kim EJ, Lee HJ, Pyun SB, Joa KL, Jung HY

OBJECTIVE: To determine the validity and reliability of the Korean version of the Coma Recovery Scale-Revised (K-CRSR) for evaluation of patients with a severe brain lesion. METHODS: With permission from Giacino,...
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Efficacy of the All-in-One Therapeutic Strategy for Severe Traumatic Brain Injury: Preliminary Outcome and Limitation

Park YS, Kogeichi Y, Shida Y, Nakase H

OBJECTIVE: Despite recent advances in medicine, no significant improvement has been achieved in therapeutic outcomes for severe traumatic brain injury (TBI). In the treatment of severe multiple traumas, accurate judgment...
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Nutritional Assessment in Vegetative and Minimally Conscious Patients

Park G, Lee JE, Han SJ

The aim of this study is to investigate the nutritional status in vegetative state (VS) and minimally conscious state (MCS) patients, and to identify correlation between the duration from onset...
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Lived Experience of the Mother's Caring of Adult Children with Persistent Vegetative State

Yang YM, Kim JI

PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to deepen understanding the nature of the care experience by the mothers with adult children in persistent vegetative state. METHODS: Participants were 7 mothers...
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Utility of Susceptibility-Weighted Imaging in Comatose Patients after Cardiac Arrest: A Preliminary Study

Hwang JT, Kim YH, Lee JH, Cho KW, Kang MJ, Lee DW, Song YG, Kim JM, Byun JH, Hwang SY, Lee JH

PURPOSE: This study was conducted to examine the efficacies of susceptibility weighted images (SWI) for predicting the clinical prognosis of comatose patients following cardiac arrest. METHODS: Thirty-two patients who were resuscitated...
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Extravasation Injury and Pressure Sore in Brain Damage Patient with Stiffness of the Limbs

Jung KH, Choi HJ, Kim JH

  • KMID: 2047992
  • Arch Reconstr Microsurg.
  • 2014 May;23(1):36-39.
Extravasation injury refers to leakage of corrosive liquids from veins, resulting in tissue damage. The authors report on a case of extravasation injury to the left hand after administration of...
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NeuroRehabilitation after Hypoxic-ischemic Encephalopathy

Leigh JH, Oh BM

The number of survivors after hypoxic-ischemic encephalopathy has been increasing due to recent progress in medical system and care. Impairment after injury ranges from mild memory deficit to vegetative state...
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Common Complications after Hypoxic-ischemic Encephalopathy

Lim SH

Hypoxic-ischemic encephalopathy (HIE) is one of the major disease for neuro-rehabilitation, as well as one of the important impairment. HIE typically shows global deterioration of brain function with relative preservation...
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Prediction of Neurological Recovery in Patients with Hypoxic-ischemic Encephalopathy

Yoon SY, Kim JK, Kim YW

The incidence of hypoxic-ischemic encephalopathy (HIE) is not well known, however, the common causes of hypoxic-ischemic encephalopathy are sudden cardiac arrest, acute respiratory failure and carbon monoxide poisoning. Due to...
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Outcomes of Ultra-Early Decompressive Craniectomy after Severe Traumatic Brain Injury-Treatment Outcomes after Severe TBI

Park JH, Park JE, Kim SH, Lim YC, You NK, Ahn YH, Choi HY, Cho JM

OBJECTIVE: The beneficial effect of decompressive craniectomy in the treatment of severe traumatic brain injury (TBI) is controversial, but there is no debate that decompression should be performed before irreversible...
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A Case of Japanese Encephalitis Presenting with Fever and Seizure in a 7-month old Infant

Kim SY, Kim JS, Lee HJ, Kim H, Lim BC, Hwang H, Chae JH, Choi J, Kim KJ, Hwang YS

  • KMID: 1961832
  • J Korean Child Neurol Soc.
  • 2013 Sep;21(3):170-175.
Japanese encephalitis is one of the leading causes of acute encephalitis in Asia. But in Korea, the number of Japanese encephalitis cases has dropped considerably due to mass vaccination and...
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Dumping Syndrome in an Adult Patient Receiving Gastrostomy Feeding With Persistent Vegetative State

Lee HL, Shin DI, Shin JW, Baek SH, Lee HS, Kim JS, Lee SH, Lee SS

  • KMID: 2343485
  • J Korean Neurol Assoc.
  • 2013 May;31(2):134-135.
No abstract available.
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A Learning Set Up for Detecting Minimally Conscious State (MCS)

Kim EJ, Park JM, Kim WH, Lee KL, Kim HN, Lee KE, Park JJ, Ahn KO

Detecting signs of learning in persons diagnosed to be in a post-coma vegetative state and minimally conscious state (MCS) may modify their diagnosis. We report the case of a 65-year-old...
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Post-Traumatic Cerebral Infarction : Outcome after Decompressive Hemicraniectomy for the Treatment of Traumatic Brain Injury

Ham HY, Lee JK, Jang JW, Seo BR, Kim JH, Choi JW

OBJECTIVE: Posttraumatic cerebral infarction (PTCI), an infarction in well-defined arterial distributions after head trauma, is a known complication in patients with severe head trauma. The primary aims of this study...
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Non-Traumatic Primary Intraventricular Hemorrhage

Ahn SW, Hwang SK

  • KMID: 2256698
  • Korean J Cerebrovasc Surg.
  • 2010 Sep;12(3):159-164.
OBJECTIVE: Non-traumatic primary intraventricular hemorrhage (PIVH) in adults has rarely been reported. This study aimed to identify clinical features, risk factors, and neurological outcomes of PIVH in adults. METHODS: We retrospectively...
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Predictive Factors of Neurologic Outcome in Patients With Hypoxic-Ischemic Encephalopathy After Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation

Yoon Y, Kim WS, Shin JS, Jeong EH, Yang H, Choi KG, Park KD, Lee HW

  • KMID: 2184979
  • J Korean Neurol Assoc.
  • 2010 Aug;28(3):192-202.
BACKGROUND: Cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) can lead to various neurologic outcomes in patients with hypoxicischemic encephalopathy (HIE). This study investigated the usefulness of clinical markers and electroencephalography (EEG) in predicting the...
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Acute Traumatic Cerebral Edema

Kim JM, Ha H, Kim HJ, Kim SH

  • KMID: 2305504
  • Korean J Leg Med.
  • 2010 May;34(1):55-57.
The swelling of the brain is very common after head injury. Initially, it is said to be due to dysfunction in the autoregulatory control of cerebral blood flow following head...
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A Method for Estimation of the Life Expectancy for the Persistent Vegetative State and Minimally Conscious State after Craniocerebral Trauma in Korea

Shim JH, Lee KS, Kim RS, Doh JW, Yun IG, Bae HG

OBJECTIVE: Estimation of the life expectancy (LE) for patients in a persistent vegetative state (PVS) or minimally conscious state (MCS) depends on the statistical probability. Since the statistics of LE...
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