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Evaluation of Non-infarct-Related Arteries Using C-11 Acetate PET in STEMI With Multivessel Disease

Cho SG, Kim M, Lee SH, Park KS, Kim J, Moon JB, Song HC

BACKGROUND: We analyzed whether C-11 acetate positron emission tomography (PET) can be used for the evaluation of non-infarct-related artery (NIRA) in patients with ST-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) and multivessel disease. METHODS:...
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Effect of Low-Dose Persistent Organic Pollutants on Mitochondrial Function: Human and in Vitro Evidence

Kim SA, Lee H, Park SM, Kim MJ, Lee YM, Yoon YR, Lee HK, Moon HB, Lee IK, Lee DH

Background: Chronic exposure to low-dose persistent organic pollutants (POPs) can induce mitochondrial dysfunction. This study evaluated the association between serum POP concentrations and oxygen consumption rate (OCR) as a marker...
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Estimating Maximal Oxygen Uptake from the Ratio of Heart Rate at Maximal Exercise to Heart Rate at Rest in Middle-Aged Men

Voutilainen A, Setti MO, Tuomainen TP

Purpose: To estimate the maximum mass-specific oxygen uptake (VO2max) from the ratio of the heart rate at maximal exercise (HRmax) to heart rate at rest (HRrest) in middle-aged men. VO2max...
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A Single Bout of Constant-Load Exercise Test for Estimating the Time Constant of Oxygen Uptake Kinetics in Individuals With Stroke

Oyake K, Baba Y, Suda Y, Murayama J, Mochida A, Ito Y, Abe H, Kondo K, Otaka Y, Momose K

Objective To examine the relationship between the time constant of oxygen uptake kinetics during the onset of exercise (τVO2) estimated from a single exercise bout and that obtained from three...
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Impact of Obesity-Related Inflammation on Cardiac Metabolism and Function

Larsen TS, Jansen KM

This review focuses on the role of adipose tissue in obese individuals in the development of metabolic diseases, and their consequences for metabolic and functional derangements in the heart. The...
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Response of the oxygen uptake efficiency slope to exercise training in patients with chronic kidney disease

Wilkinson TJ, Watson EL, Vadaszy N, Baker LA, Viana JL, Smith AC

Background: Chronic kidney disease (CKD) patients have poor cardiorespiratory fitness. Although cardiopulmonary exercise testing (CPET) is a universal assessment of cardiorespiratory fitness, values taken at ‘peak’ effort are strongly influenced...
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Factors that determine the Work Ability Index of street cleaners

Kim JW, Yang S, Chung I, Lee MY

BACKGROUND: Korea has shown a rapid pace of aging and has become an aged society in a shorter period than Western countries. Therefore, it is important that middle-aged workers maintain...
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Effects of Stair Climbing on Blood Pressure, Lipid Profiles, and Physical Fitness

Moon JW, Yoon YS, Lee HJ, Jeong TH, Hwang YH, Kim HS

PURPOSE: The purpose of the study is to identify the effects of worker's stair-climbing on blood pressure, lipid profiles, and physical fitness. METHODS: After recruiting 114 healthy adult women aged 20...
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Effect of Remote Ischemic Preconditioning on Maximal Exercise Tolerance in Young Adults

Yoon ES, Jae SY

PURPOSE: Remote ischemic preconditioning (RIPC), induced by repeated bouts of ischemia followed by reperfusion of the arm or leg is a noninvasive strategy to protect a target organ against oxidative...
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Superior Effects of High-Intensity Interval Training Compared to Conventional Therapy on Cardiovascular and Psychological Aspects in Myocardial Infarction

Choi HY, Han HJ, Choi JW, Jung HY, Joa KL

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effect of high-intensity interval training (HIIT) on psychological symptoms, activity states, and cardiovascular functions in patients with myocardial infarction (MI) of low and moderate risk stratification. METHODS:...
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Unobtrusive Estimation of Cardiorespiratory Fitness with Daily Activity in Healthy Young Men

Ahn JW, Hwang SH, Yoon C, Lee J, Kim HC, Yoon HJ

Despite the importance of cardiorespiratory fitness, no practical method exists to estimate maximal oxygen consumption (VOâ‚‚max) without a specific exercise protocol. We developed an estimation model of VOâ‚‚max, using maximal...
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An Analysis between Pre- and Post-exercise of the Respiratory and Metabolic State for the Acute and Subacute Stroke Patients

Kim H, Cheon JH, Lim NN, Cho YK, Lee SH, Lee HK, Lee DY

To evaluate oxygenation and metabolic state of the non-brainstem stroke patients after the moderate intensity exercise using arterial blood gas analysis (ABGA). Fifty-two stroke patients were recruited. All the subjects...
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Influence of Low Peak Respiratory Exchange Ratio on Cardiac Rehabilitation in Patients With Coronary Artery Disease

Kim C, Choi HE, Lee KH, Kim YJ, Lee SJ

OBJECTIVE: To compare and analyze the effects of cardiac rehabilitation (CR) in two groups based on the peak respiratory exchange ratio (RER(peak)) 1.1 values using the exercise tolerance test (ETT)...
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Physiological Responses During the Lower Body Positive Pressure Supported Treadmill Test

Lee KY, Han JY, Kim JH, Kim DJ, Choi IS

OBJECTIVE: To quantify changes in cardiopulmonary function using a lower body positive pressure supported (LBPPS) treadmill during the exercise tolerance test (ETT) in healthy subjects before applying the LBPPS treadmill...
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Brain Oxygen Monitoring via Jugular Venous Oxygen Saturation in a Patient with Fulminant Hepatic Failure

Kim Y, Kim CK, Jung S, Ko SB

Fulminant hepatic failure (FHF) is often accompanied by a myriad of neurologic complications, which are associated with high morbidity and mortality. Although appropriate neuromonitoring is recommended for early diagnosis and...
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Association Between Leisure Time Physical Activity, Cardiopulmonary Fitness, Cardiovascular Risk Factors, and Cardiovascular Workload at Work in Firefighters

Yu CC, Au CT, Lee FY, So RC, Wong JP, Mak GY, Chien EP, McManus AM

BACKGROUND: Overweight, obesity, and cardiovascular disease risk factors are prevalent among firefighters in some developed countries. It is unclear whether physical activity and cardiopulmonary fitness reduce cardiovascular disease risk and...
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Effect of Regular Exercise on Cardiopulmonary Fitness in Males With Spinal Cord Injury

Lee YH, Oh KJ, Kong ID, Kim SH, Shinn JM, Kim JH, Yi D, Lee JH, Chang JS, Kim TH, Kim EJ

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the cardiopulmonary endurance of subjects with spinal cord injury by measuring the maximal oxygen consumption with varying degrees of spinal cord injury level, age, and regular exercise. METHODS:...
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The Effects of Assisted Ergometer Training With a Functional Electrical Stimulation on Exercise Capacity and Functional Ability in Subacute Stroke Patients

Lee SY, Kang SY, Im SH, Kim BR, Kim SM, Yoon HM, Han EY

OBJECTIVE: To determine if assistive ergometer training can improve the functional ability and aerobic capacity of subacute stroke patients and if functional electrical stimulation (FES) of the paretic leg during...
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The Relationship between Oxygen Saturation and Color Alteration of a Compromised Skin Flap: Experimental Study on the Rabbit

Prasetyono TOH, Adianto S

BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to collect important data on the time of oxygen saturation change in relation to skin flap color alteration using non-invasive pulse oximetry to...
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Cardiac Rehabilitation Increases Exercise Capacity with a Reduction of Oxidative Stress

Fukuda T, Kurano M, Fukumura K, Yasuda T, Iida H, Morita T, Yamamoto Y, Takano N, Komuro I, Nakajima T

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Reactive oxygen species (ROS) mediate various signaling pathways that underlie vascular inflammation in atherogenesis and cardiovascular diseases. Cardiac rehabilitation (CR) has a variety of multiple beneficial effects,...
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