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Determining the Neurocognitive Status and the Functional Ability of Patients to Screen for HIV-Associated Neurocognitive Disorder (HAND)

Agarwal R, Aujla RS, Gupta A, Kumar M

BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: To adequately evaluate the extent of neurocognitive impairment in patient living with human immunodeficiency virus (PLHIV), a battery of neuropsychological tests is typically administered which are neither...
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Cohort Profile: Firefighter Research on the Enhancement of Safety and Health (FRESH), a Prospective Cohort Study on Korean Firefighters

Kim YT, Kim WJ, Choi JE, Bae MJ, Jang H, Lee CJ, Lee HJ, Im DJ, Ye BS, Kim MJ, Jeong Y, Oh SS, Jung YC, Kang ES, Park S, Lee SK, Park KS, Koh SB, Kim C

Firefighters have a high risk of developing cardiovascular and mental disorders due to their physical and chemical environments. However, in Korea, few studies have been conducted on environmental risk of...
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The Cortical Neuroanatomy Related to Specific Neuropsychological Deficits in Alzheimer's Continuum

Kang SH, Park YH, Lee D, Kim JP, Chin J, Ahn Y, Park SB, Kim HJ, Jang H, Jung YH, Kim J, Lee J, Kim JS, Cheon BK, Hahn A, Lee H, Na DL, Kim YJ, Seo SW

BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: In Alzheimer's continuum (a comprehensive of preclinical Alzheimer's disease [AD], mild cognitive impairment [MCI] due to AD, and AD dementia), cognitive dysfunctions are often related to cortical...
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Prognostic Factors for Absence Epilepsy in Childhood

Kang SY, Koo CM, Kim SH, Kim HD, Lee JS, Kang HC

PURPOSE: Childhood absence epilepsy (CAE) is a common form of idiopathic generalized epilepsy with onset middle childhood and has typically a good prognosis, but remission rates vary. We aimed to...
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Prognostic Factors for Absence Epilepsy in Childhood

Kang SY, Koo CM, Kim SH, Kim HD, Lee JS, Kang HC

PURPOSE: Childhood absence epilepsy (CAE) is a common form of idiopathic generalized epilepsy with onset middle childhood and has typically a good prognosis, but remission rates vary. We aimed to...
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Anhedonia and Dysphoria Are Differentially Associated with the Risk of Dementia in the Cognitively Normal Elderly Individuals: A Prospective Cohort Study

Lee JR, Suh SW, Han JW, Byun S, Kwon SJ, Lee KH, Kwak KP, Kim BJ, Kim SG, Kim JL, Kim TH, Ryu SH, Moon SW, Park JH, Lee DW, Youn JC, Lee DY, Lee SB, Lee JJ, Jhoo JH, Kim KW

OBJECTIVE: We investigated the impact of depressed mood (dysphoria) and loss of interest or pleasure (anhedonia)on the risk of dementia in cognitively-normal elderly individuals. METHODS: This study included 2,685 cognitively-normal elderly...
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Clinical Utility of Seoul Neuropsychological Screening Battery-Core for Dementia Management Project in the Community

Lee AY, Lee J, Oh E, Yoon SJ, Yoon B, Yu SD, Local Dementia Centers in Daejeon

BACKGROUND: The increasing number of dementia patients is increasing the importance of identifying them and also those at a high risk of dementia. The early diagnosis and management of dementia...
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Clinical Characteristics of Non-Amnestic Mild Cognitive Impairment: A Single-Center Experience

Oh E, Shin CW, Kim BJ, Hwang KJ, Heo SH, Ahn TB, Chang DI, Yoon SS, Park KC, Lee JS

BACKGROUND: To evaluate the clinical characteristics of patients with non-amnestic mild cognitive impairment (naMCI) in a memory disorder clinic at a single center. METHODS: A retrospective study was conducted involving 312...
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Effects of Subjective Memory Complaints, Depression and Executive Function on Activities of Daily Living in Individuals with Mild Cognitive Impairment

Jung MS, Oh EY, Chung EY

PURPOSE: This study aimed to examine the effects of subjective memory complaints, depression and cognitive function on performance of activities of daily living (ADL) in individuals with mild cognitive impairment...
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Insufficient Sleep and Visuospatial Memory Decline during Adolescence

Lee CW, Jeon S, Cho SJ, Kim SJ

OBJECTIVES: The objective of this study was to investigate the correlation between insufficient sleep and visuospatial memory in adolescents using a computerized neurocognitive function test. METHODS: A total of 103 high...
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Effect of Paper-Based Cognitive Training in Early Stage of Alzheimer's Dementia

Kang MJ, Kim SM, Han SE, Bae JH, Yu WJ, Park MY, Ku S, Yang Y

BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Cognitive training refers to a series of standardized tasks with inherent challenges that target specific cognitive domains. Positive outcome of cognitive training in persons with Alzheimer's disease...
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The Correlation between Cognition Screening Scores and Gait Status from Three-Dimensional Gait Analysis

Choi J, Park J, Lee BI, Shin KJ, Yoo S, Kim H, Jang W, Kim JS, Youn J, Oh E

BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Gait impairment in patients with cognitive decline has received considerable attention over the past several decades. However, gait disturbance in dementia is often underdiagnosed. The Mini Mental...
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Developmental Trajectories of Attention in Normal Korean Population

Huh HN, Kang SH, Hwang SY, Yoo HK

OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to investigate the trajectory of change of diverse attention and working memory in Koreans from 4 to 40 years of age. METHODS: The data of 912 subjects...
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Gender-Specific Relationship Between Executive Function and Self-Rated Health

Jung MS, Lee KS, Kim M, Yun H

OBJECTIVES: Self-rated health is a comprehensive measure of health. As gender difference in self-rated health is found, identifying gender-specific factors related to self-rated health is important. Poor executive functioning negatively...
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Effect of Anodal Transcranial Direct Current Stimulation over the Motor Cortex for Cognition

Alkharan A, Almasoud A, Alkahtani , Bashir S

Transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS) is a non-invasive brain stimulation technique that modulates cortical excitability and influences cognition. The role of the primary motor cortex (M1) in cognition is controversial....
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Prediction of Alzheimer's Pathological Changes in Subjective Cognitive Decline Using the Self-report Questionnaire and Neuroimaging Biomarkers

Hong YJ, Park KW, Kang DY, Lee JH

BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Subjective cognitive decline (SCD) may be the first symptomatic stage of Alzheimer's disease (AD). Hence, a screening tool to characterize the patients' complaints and assess the risk...
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Cognitive Enhancement in Neurological and Psychiatric Disorders Using Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation (TMS): A Review of Modalities, Potential Mechanisms and Future Implications

Kim TD, Hong G, Kim J, Yoon S

Cognitive enhancement refers to the improvement of cognitive function related to deficits that occurred as part of a certain illness. However, the term cognitive enhancement does not yet have a...
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The Prevalence of Rapid Eye Movement Sleep Behavior Disorder in Amyloid Positron Emission Tomography Positive Alzheimer's Disease

Kim HS, Lee HJ, Shin DJ, Lee YB, Noh Y, Park KH

OBJECTIVES: Rapid eye movement (REM) sleep behavior disorder (RBD) is well known as a prodromal symptom of neurodegenerative disease, especially α-synucleinopathy. In the previous literature, it has been reported the...
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Impact of Repetitive Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation with Computerized Cognitive Enhancement Training on Change in Cognitive Function of Mild Cognitive Impairment Patients : Existing, Sham Treatment Controlled, Pilot Study

Lee SE, Moon HS, Chung ST, Lee CU, Kang DW

OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to investigate the effects of repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) and computerized cognitive enhancement training combined treatment on cognitive function in mild cognitive impairment (MCI) patients,...
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Difference in Cognitive Function by First Onset Age of Alcohol Induced Blackout and Its Duration

Min EJ, Kim SG, Lee JS, Seo B, Jung WY, Huh SY, Park JH, Hong CH, Yu HJ

OBJECTIVE: Alcohol-induced blackout (blackout) is a typical early symptom of cognitive impairment caused by drinking. However, the first onset age of blackout or the duration after onset of blackout has...
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