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Towards Guideline-Based Management of Tethered Cord Syndrome in Spina Bifida: A Global Health Paradigm Shift in the Era of Prenatal Surgery

Bradko V, Castillo H, Janardhan , Dahl B, Gandy K, Castillo J

An estimated 60% of the world's population lives in Asia, where the incidence of neural tube defects is high. Aware that tethered cord syndrome (TCS) is an important comorbidity, the...
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Dorsal midline cutaneous stigmata associated with occult spinal dysraphism in pediatric patients

Sung HJ, Lee HS

PURPOSE: To investigate the prevalence of occult spinal dysraphism (OSD) and subsequent neurosurgery in pediatric patients with isolated or combined dorsal midline cutaneous stigmata with or without other congenital malformations. METHODS:...
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Surgical Outcomes of Pediatric Patients with Asymptomatic Tethered Cord Syndrome

Seki T, Hida K, Yano S, Houkin K

STUDY DESIGN: A retrospective cohort study. PURPOSE: To examine the validity of prophylactic surgery for children with tethered cord syndrome (TCS). OVERVIEW OF LITERATURE: Prophylactic surgery for pediatric patients with TCS remains...
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Fourth Ventricle Neurenteric Cyst Mimicking Hemangioblastoma

Choe E, Hwang K, Choe G, Kim CY

This report presents a case of fourth ventricle neurenteric cyst (NE cyst) mimicking hemangioblastoma, which developed in a 50-year-old woman. A tiny enhancing mural portion of the fourth ventricle in...
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Surgical Outcome of Children and Adolescents with Tethered Cord Syndrome

Seki T, Hida K, Yano S, Sasamori T, Hamauch S, Koyanagi I, Houkin K

STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective cohort study. PURPOSE: To compare long-term results of surgery with the outcomes of symptomatic and asymptomatic tethered cord syndrome (TCS) in children and adolescents and to assess the...
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Variation in Outcome in Tethered Cord Syndrome

Iqbal N, Qadeer M, Sharif SY

STUDY DESIGN: Fifty patients surgically treated for tethered cord syndrome (TCS) were retrospectively studied at Liaquat National Hospital, Karachi from 2010 until 2014. PURPOSE: To assess the common presentations of TCS...
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Fully Endoscopic Interlaminar Detethering of Spinal Cord in Tethered Cord Syndrome: A Case Report and Technical Description

Gurbuz MS, Aydin S, Bozdogan D

A 19-year-old man presented with long lasting significant back and bilateral leg pain, and hypoesthesia on the lateral side of both his thighs for which he had undergone several courses...
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Nerve injury in an undiagnosed adult tethered cord syndrome patients following spinal anesthesia: A case report

Kim YY, Song JW, Lim JH, Kim YS, Kwon YE, Lee JH

Spinal anesthesia is a safe and widely used procedure. Spinal cord injury is a rare but serious complication from spinal anesthesia occurs, unexpectedly. Risks of direct neural injury from spinal...
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Diastematomyelia: A Surgical Case with Long-Term Follow-Up

Bekki H, Morishita , Kawano O, Shiba K, Iwamoto Y

Few reports have described the involvement of syringomyelia associated with diastematomyelia in the etiology of neurological deficits. We reported a case with syringomyelia associated with diastematomyelia. A female patient with...
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Solitary Cervical Neurenteric Cyst in an Adolescent Patient

Choi DY, Lee HJ, Shin MH, Kim JT

Spinal neurenteric cysts are uncommon congenital lesions, furthermore solitary neurenteric cysts of the upper cervical spine are very rare. A 15-year-old boy having an intraspinal neurenteric cyst located at cervical...
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Jarcho-Levin Syndrome with Diastematomyelia: Case Report of an Adult Patient and Review of Literature

Kim YS, Lee JH, Kang MJ, Bae KE, Kim JH, Jeong MJ, Kim SH, Kim JY, Kim SH, Lee HB

Jarcho-Levin syndrome (JLS) is a rare congenital dysostosis characterized by multiple vertebral and costal anomalies. The combination of JLS and neural tube defect is rare. Only six cases of JLS...
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Split Cord Malformation Combined with Tethered Cord Syndrome in an Adult

Kim YD, Sung JH, Hong JT, Lee SW

Split cord malformations (SCMs) usually present in childhood, and are rarely reported in adults. And also, a cervicothoracic SCM associated with tethered cord syndrome has very rarely been reported in...
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Tethered Cord Syndrome ; Surgical Indication, Technique and Outcome

Kang JK, Lee KS, Jeun SS, Kang SG, Lee IW, Yoon KJ, Ha SS

  • KMID: 2189196
  • J Korean Neurosurg Soc.
  • 2007 Aug;42(2):77-82.
OBJECTIVE: The authors tried to reveal some unique features of lipomeningomyelocele (LMMC), including clinical presentation, factors precipitating onset of symptoms, pathologic entities of LMMC associated with tethered cord syndrome, and...
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Sequelae Associated with Spinal Anesthesia in a Undiagnosed Tethered Cord Syndrome Patient: A case report

Shim HS, Lee SH, Park HS, Kim IK, Shin MK, Kim JH

Tethered cord syndrome is a form of spinal dysraphism, with a low-lying conus frequently associated with an intraspinal lipoma, diastematomyelia or fibrous band. The clinical manifestations include spine abnormalities, such...
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A Case of Neurenteric Cyst with Hemiplegia

Kim H, Hwang H, Park SY, Chae JH, Kim KJ, Hwang YS

  • KMID: 1528193
  • J Korean Child Neurol Soc.
  • 2007 May;15(1):126-129.
Spinal neurenteric cyst results from the persistence of an abnormal communication between endodermal and neuroectodermal layer. It is a rare malformation that lead to spinal cord compression. The patient is...
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An Intramedullary Neurenteric Cyst in the Conus Medullaris with Recurrent Meningitis

Park YB, Kim SH, Kim SW, Chang CH

  • KMID: 2189169
  • J Korean Neurosurg Soc.
  • 2007 Feb;41(2):130-133.
Neurenteric cysts are rare congenital lesions of the spine that are lined with endodermal epithelium. Their most common location is the cervico-dorsal region, and the mass usually lies ventral to...
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The Characteristics of Fetus with Neural Tube Defect Accompanied by Club Foot in Prenatal Ultrasonography

Lee ES, Yim SY, Kim GJ

  • KMID: 2272989
  • Korean J Obstet Gynecol.
  • 2006 Dec;49(12):2506-2511.
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study is to determine whether the club foot of the affected fetus is related to the location, size, and rupture state of the spinal neural...
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Factors Related with Intracranial Signs in Fetuses with Open Neural Tube Defect

Kim GJ, Lee ES, Kim DH, Lee SH, Park JD, Park MH

  • KMID: 2272726
  • Korean J Obstet Gynecol.
  • 2005 Nov;48(11):2541-2549.
OBJECTIVE: There are two types of spina bifida aperta: cystic type and flat type. Unruptured cystic sac of spina bifida may interfere free leakage of cerebrospinal fluid into amnionic fluid...
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A Case of Iniencephaly Diagnosed by Prenatal Ultrasonography

Park HI, Nam HW, Kim YS, Kim JS, Choi SD, Bae DH

  • KMID: 1594580
  • Korean J Obstet Gynecol.
  • 2005 Jun;48(6):1526-1532.
Iniencephaly is an abnormality in cervical vertebra associated with an excessive lordosis of the cervicothoracic spine and neural tube closure defects. The incidence is one of 1,000 to 10,000 live...
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Cervical Intramedullary Neurenteric Cyst in an Elderly Patient

Kim HJ, Min KS, Kim YG, Kim DH

  • KMID: 1905003
  • J Korean Neurosurg Soc.
  • 2004 Sep;36(3):249-253.
Intraspinal neurenteric cysts are rare congenital lesions that may occur either alone or in the context of a complex malformative disorder including vertebral, visceral and cutaneous abnormalities. Most of these...
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