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Expression of Toll-Like Receptor Messenger Ribonucleic Acid in the Distal Facial Nerve After Facial Nerve Injury

Min HK, Lee JM, Jung JY, Kim YI, Kim SH, Yeo SG

Background and Objectives This study aimed to evaluate whether Toll-like receptors (TLRs) messenger ribonucleic acid (mRNA) were expressed in the facial nerve after incurring a crush or an injury of...
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Reconstruction of the sciatic nerve using bilateral vascularized sural nerve grafts: a case report

Roh SG, Chun JY, Lee NH, Shin JY, Kim JL

An injury of a peripheral nerve may require reconstruction for motor and sensory function recovery. However, if the nerve defect is long, especially in the lower extremities, reconstruction with successful...
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Modified Harada-Ito Procedure with Intraoperative Adjustable Sutures Using a Mendez Ring for Excyclotorsion

Shin YI, Jung JH

Purpose: We report a case of using a modified Harada-Ito procedure with intraoperative adjustment via a Mendez ring in a patient with bilateral superior oblique palsy, resulting in satisfactory postoperative...
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Comparison of the ulnar nerve blockade between intertruncal and corner pocket approaches for supraclavicular block: a randomized controlled trial

Jo Y, Park J, Oh C, Chung W, Song S, Lee J, Kang H, Ko Y, Kim YH, Hong B

Background: The corner pocket (CP) approach for supraclavicular block (SCB) prevents ulnar nerve (UN) sparing due to needle proximity to the lower trunk. Improved ultrasound resolution has suggested that the...
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Direct transparotid approach via a modified mini-preauricular incision for open reduction and internal fixation of subcondylar fractures

Lee JS, Kang SH

A transparotid approach, with a retromandibular or preauricular incision, is an alternative surgical approach for treating a subcondylar fracture and reducing the potential for complications such as injury to the...
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A guide to reducing adverse outcomes in rabbit models of sciatic nerve injury

Orozco E, Masuda K, Shah SB

Background: Peripheral nerve damage can have debilitating consequences. Rabbit sciatic nerve transection models allow the effective evaluation of surgical repair strategies for large nerve gaps. Despite advantages in size, ease...
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Peripheral Nerve Regeneration Using a Nerve Conduit with Olfactory Ensheathing Cells in a Rat Model

Lee JY, Kim YH, Kim BY, Jang DH, Choi SW, Joen SH, Kim H, Lee SU

BACKGROUND: Autologous nerve grafts are the gold standard treatment for peripheral nerve injury treatment. However, this procedure cannot avoid sacrificing other nerves as a major limitation. The aim of the present...
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Numbness of the lower lip following urological surgery under general anesthesia – A case report –

Kim SY, Lim Y, Bae GH, Suh DH, Kim KM

Background: Peripheral nerve injury is a complication that can occur after general anesthesia. It significantly impairs the patient’s quality of life and may lead to permanent disability. Nerves in several...
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Sixth Cranial Nerve (Abducens Nerve) Palsy after Preoperative Halo-Pelvic Traction for Severe Scoliosis with Chiari I Malformation

Hwang JK, Lee CS, Choi SW, Kim CH

The management of severe scoliosis remains a challenge to spine surgeons. The rapid intraoperative correction of severe scoliosis may increase the risk of perioperative complications, such as neurological compromise and...
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Risk Factors for Iatrogenic Vocal Fold Palsy during Thyroid Surgery: A Single Institutional Experience Over 10 Years

Jeong YW, Han YS, Lee HS, Kim SW, Lee KD

Background and Objectives Recurrent laryngeal nerve (RLN) palsy is a critical complication of thyroid surgery. The aim of this study was to investigate the incidence of iatrogenic temporary or permanent...
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Evaluation of Patients with Sensory Disturbance after Dental Treatment

Ju HM, Lee JY, Jeon HM, Kim KH, Ok SM, Jeong SH, Ahn YW

The Korean Dental Association recommends a disability rate (DR) of 1%-3% in the judgment of physical disability owing to sensory disturbance (SD) after dental treatment; however, criteria for deciding the...
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Pim-1 Protects Retinal Ganglion Cells by Enhancing Their Regenerative Ability Following Optic Nerve Crush

Zhang S, Shuai L, Wang D, Huang T, Yang S, Miao M, Liu F, Xu J

  • KMID: 2503984
  • Exp Neurobiol.
  • 2020 Jun;29(3):249-272.
  • doi: 10.5607/en20019
Provirus integration site Moloney murine leukemia virus (Pim-1) is a proto-oncogene reported to be associated with cell proliferation, differentiation and survival. This study was to explore the neuroprotective role of...
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Two-Stage Thyroidectomy Driven by Intraoperative Neuromonitoring: Informed Consent Process and Its Effect on Patient Willingness and Consent Rates

Graceffa G, Vieni S, Magliulo M, Laise I, Latteri M, Cipolla C

Purpose: Intraoperative neuromonitoring (IONM) of the recurrent laryngeal nerve (RLN) is a useful technique that can be applied to assess the nerve functionality at the end of the first side...
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A reproducible reference point for the common peroneal nerve during surgery at the posterolateral corner of the knee: a cadaveric study

Terry Teo HL, Ang KXM, James Loh SY

Background: This is an experimental study conducted to assess whether the fibular head is a reliable reference point to identify the position of the common peroneal nerve at the posterolateral...
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Dexmedetomidine Improves Locomotor Function and Alleviates Thermal Hyperalgesia Following Sciatic Nerve Crush Injury in Rats

Jang MS, Han JH, Kim DO, Woo G, Kwon JI, Chung JY, Lee BJ, Yi JW

Purpose: The effects of dexmedetomidine on locomotor function and thermal hyperalgesia in sciatic nerve crush injury (SNCI) were investigated using rats. Methods: After exposing the right sciatic nerve, the sciatic nerve...
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Facial nerve palsy after orthognathic surgery caused by a hemoclip

Lee H, Eom YS, Mun GH, Lim SY

Reduction mandibuloplasty is one of the most frequently performed aesthetic surgical procedures in Korea. Cases of facial nerve injury after mandibuloplasty have been reported, but most of those cases have...
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Management of a dental implant displaced into the mandibular bone marrow space: Case reports

Choi EJ, Kim HJ, Moon SY

When an implant fixture is displaced to the bone marrow defect site of the mandible, damage to the inferior alveolar nerve may occur. To minimize postoperative side effects, an accurate...
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Outcomes after Transverse-Incision 'Mini' Carotid Endarterectomy and Patch-Plasty

Sinha S, Fok M, Goh A, Gadhvi V

PURPOSE: Traditional longitudinal incision for carotid endarterectomy (CEA) can be painful, aesthetically displeasing, and associated with a high incidence of cranial nerve injury (CNI). This study describes the outcomes of...
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Morphology of saphenous nerve in cadavers: a guide to saphenous block and surgical interventions

Ghosh A, Chaudhury

The knowledge about detailed morphology and relation of saphenous nerve is important to obtain successful saphenous nerve regional blocks to achieve pre- and post-operative anesthesia and analgesia, nerve entrapment treatments...
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Effective Parameters for Gait Analysis in Experimental Models for Evaluating Peripheral Nerve Injuries in Rats

Matias Júnior I, Medeiros P, de Freita , Vicente-César H, Ferreira Junior JR, Machado HR, Menezes-Reis R

OBJECTIVE: Chronic constriction injury (CCI) of the sciatic nerve is a peripheral nerve injury widely used to induce mononeuropathy. This study used machine learning methods to identify the best gait...
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