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Scales for Spinal Cord Disorders

Kim JA, Kim SM

Clinical scales are important tools for quantitatively evaluating impairments and disabilities related to diseases. Clinical scales are also used in many clinical studies to assess therapeutic effects. Spinal cord disorders...
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Neuromyelitis Optica Spectrum Disorders Mimicking Multiple Brain Tumors

Park SH, Hwang JH

We report a rare case of neuromyelitis optica spectrum disorders (NMOSD), mimicking multiple brain tumors. A 53-year-old woman presented with weakness and paresthesia in her right arm and leg. Upon...
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Myelin oligodendrocyte glycoprotein antibody-associated disorders: clinical spectrum, diagnostic evaluation, and treatment options

Lee YJ, Nam SO, Ko A, Kong J, Byun SY

Inflammatory or immune-mediated demyelinating central nervous system (CNS) syndromes include a broad spectrum of clinical phenotype and different overlapping diseases. Antibodies against myelin oligodendrocyte glycoprotein (MOG-Ab) have been found in...
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Acute Flaccid Myelitis: Current Status and Diagnostic Challenges

Fang X, Huda R

Acute flaccid myelitis (AFM) is a sudden-onset polio-like neuromuscular disability found commonly in young children. There is an increasing incidence of confirmed AFM cases in the USA and other countries...
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Tuberculous Myelopathy Associated with Longitudinally Extensive Lesion: A Clinicoradiological Review of Reported Cases

Faeez Md Noh MS, Bahari N, Anna Misyail AM

Acute transverse myelitis is an inflammatory disorder of the spinal cord in which there is no evidence of spinal cord compression. Longitudinally extensive transverse myelitis (LETM) is a specific subtype...
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Cervical myelitis in a patient with pulmonary sarcoidosis

Chung EJ, Lee SY, Lee JH, Park YA, Chun BK, Huh SY

Background: Sarcoidosis is a multisystemic disease characterized by noncaseating granulomas, predominantly affecting organs such as the lungs and lymph nodes. Spinal cord involvement of sarcoidosis is uncommon. Case Report: A...
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Various MRI Findings of Toxocara canis Myelitis

Park SY, Park KS, Lee E, Lee JW, Bae YJ, Kang Y, Ahn JM, Kang HS

PURPOSE: To describe magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) findings in 10 cases of Toxocara canis myelitis and to analyze these findings to aid in the diagnosis of this condition. MATERIALS AND METHODS:...
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A Rare Case of Syphilitic Myelitis of the Spinal Cord

Kim JH, Jeong HS, Park C, Ryu H, Roh JE, Yeom JA, Kim TU

Neurosyphilis is an infection of the brain or spinal cord that is caused by the bacterium Treponema pallidum. Syphilitic myelitis, which involves the spinal cord, is a very rare form...
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Neuromyelitis Optica Spectrum Disorder Presented with Upbeat Nystagmus and Intractable Vomiting

Kim H, Kim JM, Nam TS, Lee SH

Neuromyelitis optica spectrum disorder (NMOSD) is an inflammatory demyelinating autoimmune disease of central nervous system characterized by relapsing attacks that target the optic nerves and spinal cord, as well as...
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Clinical features and prognoses of acute transverse myelitis in patients with systemic lupus erythematosus

Ahn SM, Hong S, Lim DH, Ghang B, Kim YG, Lee CK, Yoo B

BACKGROUND/AIMS: Acute transverse myelitis (ATM) is a severe complication of systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). This study evaluated the clinical factors related to outcome in patients with SLE-associated ATM. METHODS: The medical...
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An Anti-aquaporin 4 Positive Longitudinally Extensive Transverse Myelitis with Antecedent Necrotizing Pneumonia Associated with S. aureus

Jung BK, Kwon JA, Lee JM

A 53-year-old male patient presented with quadriparesis during pulmonological hospitalization for the treatment of S. aureus associated necrotizing pneumonia. He was diagnosed with the aquaporin-4 (AQP4) positive longitudinally extensive transverse...
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Recurrent Optic Neuritis as the Initial Symptom in Demyelinating Diseases

Falcão-Gonçalves AB, Bichuetti , de Oliveira EML

BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Optic neuritis (ON) is an inflammation of the optic nerve that can be recurrent, with unilateral or bilateral presentation. Diagnosing recurrent cases may be challenging. We aimed...
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Acute Combined Central and Peripheral Demyelination in Children: in Comparison with Isolated Demyelinating Disease

Byun JH, Song JY, Kong J, Nam SO, Kim YM, Yeon GM, Lee YJ

PURPOSE: This study aimed to describe the clinical characteristics and outcomes of children with acute combined central and peripheral nervous system demyelination (CCPD); and compare with the children of isolated...
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Syndrome of inappropriate antidiuretic hormone secretion associated with seronegative neuromyelitis optica spectrum disorder

Oh SJ, Ihm CG, Lee TW, Kim JS, Kim DR, Park EJ, Jung SW, Lee JH, Heo SH, Jeong KH

The syndrome of inappropriate antidiuretic hormone secretion (SIADH) is a potential cause of hyponatremia of the central nervous system (CNS). Although SIADH has been reported to be associated with many...
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Epstein-Barr Virus Infection associated Transverse Myelitis with Brain Involvement in an Immunosuppressed Patient: A Case Report

Shim Y, Kim H, Hwang H, Chae JH, Choi J, Kim KJ, Lim KJ

A 19-year-old girl with immunosuppressive agents of tacrolimus and mychophenolate mofetil following liver transplantation due to glycogen storage disease visited hospital due to lower extremity motor weakness and blurred vision....
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Neuromyelitis Optica Spectrum Disorder Presented with Acute Memory Loss

Lee H, Kim R, Park KW

Neuromyelitis optica spectrum disorder (NMOSD) can present with various symptoms including optic neuritis, transverse myelitis, and area postrema syndrome. However, acute memory loss is an uncommon clinical presentation of NMOSD....
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Toxocara canis-Associated Myelitis with Eosinophilic Pneumonia

Park KH, Kim YS, Kim SK, Choi NC, Kwon OY, Lim B, Park KJ

The existence of Toxocara canis-specific antibodies has recently been reported in patients with atopic myelitis. Here, we report the case of a 35-year-old male patient admitted with a chief complaint...
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Improvement of Frontal Lobe Dysfunctions in Neuromyelitis Optica after Treatment: A Case Report

Joo J, Lee SK, Hwang IH, Kwon KI, Ahn BJ, Yang Y

BACKGROUND: Neuromyelitis optica (NMO) is characterized by optic neuritis and longitudinally extensive transverse myelitis. Generally, the brain had been considered healthy in NMO patients, though recent studies have demonstrated that...
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Acute Focal Myelitis Presented with Painful Tonic Spasm Involving Both Legs

Shin HS, Lee SW, Kang YJ, Park JH

No abstract available.
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A Case of Transverse Myelitis Caused by Varicella Zoster Virus in an Immunocompetent Older Patient

Lee JE, Lee S, Kim KH, Jang HR, Park YJ, Kang JS, Han SY, Lee SH

Varicella zoster virus (VZV) is a human neurotropic alphaherpesvirus that causes chickenpox (varicella) in children. VZV reactivation may lead to neurological complications, including transverse myelitis. However, transverse myelitis caused by...
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