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Comparison of the Effects of Education Only and Exercise Training Combined with Education on Fall Prevention in Adults Aged 70 Years or Older Residing in Elderly Residential Facilities

Hong C, Lee H, Lee M

Purpose: To compare the effects of education only and exercise training combined with education on fall knowledge, fall efficacy, physical activity, and physical function in adults aged 70 years or...
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Hand Grip and Leg Muscle Strength in Hemodialysis Patients and Its Determinants

Cha Rh, Lee GS, Yoo JY, Rhee OB, Jeon YD

Background: Chronic kidney disease is associated with chronic inflammation and progressive loss of peripheral muscle strength and the ability to exercise, and these changes are highly pronounced in patients receiving...
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Objective and Subjective Analysis of the Knee Joint Function Using Lower Extremity Assessment Protocol after Anterior Cruciate Ligament Reconstruction

Kim BH, Jeon HG, Cheo JH, Kang TK, Lee SY

Purpose: Anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction (ACLR) is one of the most common procedures in sports medicine. It is important for patients to determine whether or not to return to the pre-operative...
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Comparison of Physiotherapy Approaches in Low Back Pain: A Randomized Controlled Trial

Senbursa G, Pekyavas NO, Baltaci G

Background: The purpose of this study was to compare the effectiveness of rehabilitation approaches in individuals with low back pain (LBP) on pain, spinal mobility, disability, and muscular strength. Methods: Ninety...
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Physiological Effect of Exercise Training with Whole Body Electric Muscle Stimulation Suit on Strength and Balance in Young Women: A Randomized Controlled Trial

Park HK, Na SM, Choi SL, Seon JK, Do WH

Many studies about Electrical muscle stimulation (EMS) have been performed to determine the effectiveness of EMS. However, most studies enrolled only elderly patients. Moreover, only a few studies have verified the...
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Pelvic floor muscle strength is correlated with sexual function

Boas Sartori DV, Kawano PR, Yamamoto HA, Guerra R, Pajolli PR, Amaro JL

Purpose: Sexual performance is related to proprioception and pelvic floor muscle strength (PFMS). The aim of this study was to correlate sexual activity and orgasm with PFMS. Materials and Methods: A...
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The effect of parity on the function of pelvic floor musculature in the long term: cross-sectional study

Bertacini DMM, Beleza ACS, Driusso P

Objective Parity is associated with an increased risk of pelvic floor muscle dysfunction. The aim of this study was to evaluate the long-term effects of parity on this musculature. Methods This...
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Assessing Low Skeletal Mass in Patients Undergoing Hip Surgery: The Role of Sonoelastography

Kim KC, Park JW

Purpose: To analyze the utility of sonoelastography–a radiation-free procedure to characterize muscle properties–as an instrument to qualitatively and quantitatively assess the rectus femoris muscle. Materials and Methods: Fifty-one consecutive patients who...
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Comparing the effectiveness of ultrasound guided versus blind genicular nerve block on pain, muscle strength with isokinetic device, physical function and quality of life in chronic knee osteoarthritis: a prospective randomized controlled study

Cankurtaran D, Karaahmet OZ, Yildiz SY, Eksioglu E, Dulgeroglu D, Unlu E

Background: The genicular nerve block (GNB) is demonstrated from several reports to alleviate pain and improve knee functionality in patients with chronic knee osteoarthritis (OA). Ultrasound (US)-guided GNB has been...
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Evaluating Postoperative Muscle Strength Using Surface Electromyography in Hip Fracture Patient

Yoo JI, Byun H, Kim HS, Jang YJ, Lee CH

Background: To compare the muscle strength of patients with a hip fracture according to the presence of sarcopenia after surgery and the correlation of measured values between a Biodex and...
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Measurement and Interpretation of Handgrip Strength for Research on Sarcopenia and Osteoporosis

Lee SH, Gong HS

Handgrip strength (HGS) is associated with several chronic diseases, cognitive decline, length of hospital-stay, and mortality. More importantly, HGS is one of the diagnostic criteria of sarcopenia and gaining attention...
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Poorer dynamic postural stability in patients with anterior cruciate ligament rupture combined with lateral meniscus tear than in those with medial meniscus tear

Lee JH, Lee DH, Park JH, Suh DW, Kim E, Jang KM

Background: Only limited data are available regarding postural stability between anterior cruciate ligament (ACL)-injured patients with medial meniscus (MM) tear and those with lateral meniscus (LM) tear. The purpose of...
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Does Sarcopenia Increase the Risk for Fresh Vertebral Fragility Fractures?: A Case-Control Study

Anand A, Shetty AP, Renjith KR, K. S. SVA, Kanna RM, Rajasekaran S

Study Design: Case-control study. Purpose: Sarcopenia is an age associated condition characterized by decrease in muscle mass, strength, and physical performance. We aimed to investigate whether sarcopenia increased the risk of...
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Knee Extensor Strength Measurement in Patients With Limited Physical Activity Using a Supine Dynamometer Anchoring Frame

Lee MY, Sung KS, Ham H, Yi YG, Shin HI

Objective To investigate the reliability of knee extensor strength measurements using a supine hand-held dynamometer (HHD) anchoring frame in patients with limited physical activity. Although an HHD is suitable for...
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Development and Evaluation of Progressive Lower-extremity Exercise Program for Patients with Total Knee Replacement Arthroplasty

Kang YO, Song R

Purpose: This study aimed to develop the progressive lower-extremity exercise program for patients with total knee replacement arthroplasty and to evaluate its effectiveness on knee functions. Methods: A non-equivalent quasi-experimental...
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Association between Relative Handgrip Strength and Dyslipidemia in Korean Adults: Findings of the 2014–2015 Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey

Kim BM, Yi YH, Kim YJ, Lee SY, Lee JG, Cho YH, Tak YJ, Hwang HR, Lee SH, Park EJ, Lee Y

Background: Grip strength is a convenient method to measure muscle strength. Recently, relative handgrip strength (HGS) was recommended as a clinical predictor of metabolic health and disease, such as dyslipidemia,...
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Relationship between smoking status and muscle strength in the United States older adults

Wiener RC, Findley PA, Shen C, Dwibedi N, Sambamoorthi U

OBJECTIVES: Muscle strength in older adults is associated with greater physical ability. Identifying interventions to maintain muscle strength can therefore improve quality of life. The purpose of this study was...
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Evidence-Based Physical Therapy for Anterior Cruciate Ligament Injury: Literature Review

Lim HW

Most athletes with anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) ruptures undergo a surgical ACL reconstruction (ACLR) and rehabilitation. On the other hand, controversy still exists because neither a reconstruction nor rehabilitation have...
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Effect of Sensory Impairment on Balance Performance and Lower Limb Muscle Strength in Older Adults With Type 2 Diabetes

Kraiwong R, Vongsirinavarat M, Hiengkaew , von Heideken WÃ¥gert P

OBJECTIVE: To compare balance performance and lower limb muscle strength between older adults with type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM), with and without sensory impairments and non-DM groups. Influence of a...
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Evaluation of the Isokinetic Calf Muscle Strength and the Range of Motion of Joint in C₃ Chronic Venous Insufficiency

Ercan S, Çetin C, Yavuz T, Demir HM, Atalay YB

PURPOSE: The present study aimed to compare the isokinetic muscle strength and range of motion (ROM) values of the ankle between patients diagnosed with C₃ chronic venous insufficiency (group 1,...
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