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Canonical Transient Receptor Potential Channels and Vascular Smooth Muscle Cell Plasticity

Nishida M, Tanaka T, Mangmool S, Nishiyama , Nishimura

Vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMCs) play a pivotal role in the stability and tonic regulation of vascular homeostasis. VSMCs can switch back and forth between highly proliferative (synthetic) and fully...
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Quercetin-induced apoptosis ameliorates vascular smooth muscle cell senescence through AMP-activated protein kinase signaling pathway

Kim SG, Sung JY, Kim JR, Choi HC

Aging is one of the risk factors for the development of cardiovascular diseases. During the progression of cellular senescence, cells enter a state of irreversible growth arrest and display resistance...
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Anti-malarial Drugs Reduce Vascular Smooth Muscle Cell Proliferation via Activation of AMPK and Inhibition of Smad3 Signaling

Lee H, Han JH, Kim S, Kim S, Cho DH, Woo CH

OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of 2 anti-malarial drugs, chloroquine (CQ) and hydroxychloroquine (HCQ), on inhibition of vascular smooth muscle cell (VSMC) proliferation both...
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Angiotensin II Type 1 Receptor Blocker, Fimasartan, Reduces Vascular Smooth Muscle Cell Senescence by Inhibiting the CYR61 Signaling Pathway

Kim I, Park CS, Lee HY

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Angiotensin II (Ang II) has been suggested to accelerate vascular senescence, however the molecular mechanism(s) remain unknown. METHODS: We cultured human coronary artery smooth muscle cells (hCSMCs) and...
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Porphyromonas gingivalis lipopolysaccharide stimulates vascular smooth muscle cell migration through signal transducer and activator of transcription 3-mediated matrix metalloproteinase-9 expression

Kim Y, Park JY, Park HJ, Kim MK, Kim YI, Bae SK, Kim HJ, Bae MK

Periodontal diseases have been associated with the development of cardiovascular diseases. Accumulating evidences have indicated that Porphyromonas gingivalis, a major periodontopathic pathogen, plays a critical role in the pathogenesis of...
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Effect of dyslipidemia on vascular smooth muscle cell proliferation in a porcine coronary restenosis model

Jeong KJ, Kang P, Lee HY, Son HC, Park SH, Choi WS, Koo BS, Jeon CY, Baek SH, An YJ, Kim HK, Kim SS, Park JK, Bae IH, Park DS, Shim JW, Kim JU, Kim NY, Kim SU, Lim KS, Jeong MH

This study aimed to examine the effect of a mild elevation in serum cholesterol level in a porcine coronary overstretch restenosis model using a balloon angioplasty catheter or drug-eluting coronary...
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Anti-apoptotic effects of autophagy via ROS regulation in microtubule-targeted and PDGF-stimulated vascular smooth muscle cells

Park HS, Han JH, Jung SH, Lee DH, Heo KS, Myung CS

Autophagy has been studied as a therapeutic strategy for cardiovascular diseases. However, insufficient studies have been reported concerning the influence of vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMCs) through autophagy regulation. The...
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Arginase Inhibition Suppresses Native Low-Density Lipoprotein-Stimulated Vascular Smooth Muscle Cell Proliferation by NADPH Oxidase Inactivation

Koo BH, Yi BG, Wang WK, Ko IY, Hoe KL, Kwon YG, Won MH, Kim YM, Lim HK, Ryoo S

PURPOSE: Vascular smooth muscle cell (VSMC) proliferation induced by native low-density lipoprotein (nLDL) stimulation is dependent on superoxide production from activated NADPH oxidase. The present study aimed to investigate whether...
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Fluvastatin inhibits advanced glycation end products-induced proliferation, migration, and extracellular matrix accumulation in vascular smooth muscle cells by targeting connective tissue growth factor

Hwang AR, Nam JO, Kang YJ

Connective tissue growth factor (CTGF) is a novel fibrotic mediator, which is considered to mediate fibrosis through extracellular matrix (ECM) synthesis in diabetic cardiovascular complications. Statins have significant immunomodulatory effects...
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rBMSCs/ITGA5B1 Promotes Human Vascular Smooth Muscle Cell Differentiation via Enhancing Nitric Oxide Production

Zhang Y, Ding J, Xu C, Yang H, Xia P, Ma S, Chen H

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Previous studies have shown that integrins alpha5beta1 (ITGA5B1) gene-modified rat bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells (rBMSCs) could prevent cell anoikis and increase the nitric oxide (NO) production....
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Intermittent High Glucose Enhances the Proliferation of Rat Aortic Vascular Smooth Muscle Cells More Than Constant High Glucose via the Mitogen-Activated Protein Kinase Pathway

Yu SH, Yoo HJ, Kang DH, Moon SJ, Yu JM

BACKGROUND: The acute glucose fluctuations in diabetes can be a risk factor of cardiovascular events. Nonetheless, the mechanism of action of intermittent hyperglycemia on the proliferation of vascular smooth muscle...
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Effects of Homocysteine and Hyperglycemia on the Proliferation of Aortic Vascular Smooth Muscle Cells of Obese Type 2 Diabetes Rat

Yoo HJ, Yu SH, Cho YJ, Nam HW, Kang DH

BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to investigate the role of homocysteine on the proliferation of rat aortic vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMCs) by measuring mitogen-activated protein (MAP) kinase...
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Sulfatase 1 mediates the inhibitory effect of angiotensin II type 2 receptor inhibitor on angiotensin II-induced hypertensive mediator expression and proliferation in vascular smooth muscle cells from spontaneously hypertensive rats

Kim HY, Cha HJ, Kim HS

BACKGROUND: Extracellular sulfatases (Sulfs), sulfatase 1 (Sulf1) and sulfatase 2 (Sulf2), play a pivotal role in cell signaling by remodeling the 6-O-sulfation of heparan sulfate proteoglycans on the cell surface....
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Regulation of vascular smooth muscle phenotype by cross-regulation of krüppel-like factors

Ha JM, Yun SJ, Jin SY, Lee HS, Kim SJ, Shin HK, Bae SS

Regulation of vascular smooth muscle cell (VSMC) phenotype plays an essential role in many cardiovascular diseases. In the present study, we provide evidence that krüppel-like factor 8 (KLF8) is essential...
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Thiamylal sodium increased inflammation and the proliferation of vascular smooth muscle cells

Miyazaki R, Hoka S

BACKGROUND: Thiamylal sodium is a common anesthetic barbiturate prepared in alkaline solution for clinical use. There is no previously reported study on the effects of barbiturates on the inflammation and...
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Role of zinc for calcification inhibitor protein in vascular smooth muscle cell plaque formation

Shin MY, Kwun IS

PURPOSE: Zinc, a biomineral present within and outside cells, manages various cellular mechanisms. In this study, we examined whether zinc was involved in vascular smooth muscle cell (VSMC) calcification via...
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Porphyromonas gingivalis Lipopolysaccharide Regulates Migration of Vascular Smooth Muscle Cells

Kim Y, Kim SJ, Kim MK, Park HJ, Kim HJ, Bae SK, Bae MK

Porphyromonas gingivalis, a foremost periodontal pathogen, has been known to cause periodontal diseases. Epidemiologic evidences have indicated the involvement of P. gingivalis in the development of cardiovascular diseases. In this...
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Lobaric Acid Inhibits VCAM-1 Expression in TNF-alpha-Stimulated Vascular Smooth Muscle Cells via Modulation of NF-kappaB and MAPK Signaling Pathways

Kwon IS, Yim JH, Lee HK, Pyo S

Lichens have been known to possess multiple biological activities, including anti-proliferative and anti-inflammatory activities. Vascular cell adhesion molecule-1 (VCAM-1) may play a role in the development of atherosclerosis. Hence, VCAM-1...
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Murrayafoline A Induces a G0/G1-Phase Arrest in Platelet-Derived Growth Factor-Stimulated Vascular Smooth Muscle Cells

Han JH, Kim Y, Jung SH, Lee JJ, Park HS, Song GY, Cuong NM, Kim YH, Myung CS

The increased potential for vascular smooth muscle cell (VSMC) growth is a key abnormality in the development of atherosclerosis and post-angioplasty restenosis. Abnormally high activity of platelet-derived growth factor (PDGF)...
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Multiple Signaling Pathways Contribute to the Thrombin-induced Secretory Phenotype in Vascular Smooth Muscle Cells

Jeong JY, Son Y, Kim BY, Eo SK, Rhim BY, Kim K

We attempted to investigate molecular mechanisms underlying phenotypic change of vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMCs) by determining signaling molecules involved in chemokine production. Treatment of human aortic smooth muscle cells...
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