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Tumor-Associated Macrophages in Hepatocellular Carcinoma: Friend or Foe?

Zhou D, Luan J, Huang C, Li J

Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is one of the most common malignancies worldwide, and it has diverse etiologies with multiple mechanisms. The diagnosis of HCC typically occurs at advanced stages when there...
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Therapeutic effect of atorvastatin on interleukin-13-induced lung pathology

Mo Y, Bae B, Kim J, Kim RL, Son K, Kang MJ, Lee CG, Cho SH, Kang HR

Purpose: Asthma is a common chronic lung disease, in which interleukin (IL)-13 is implicated as a central regulator of IgE synthesis, mucus hypersecretion, airway hyperresponsiveness (AHR), and fibrosis. This study...
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IDH2 gene deficiency accelerates unilateral ureteral obstructioninduced kidney inflammation through oxidative stress and activation of macrophages

Kim JI, Noh MR, Yoon GE, Jang HS, Kong MJ, Park KM

Mitochondrial NADP+-dependent isocitrate dehydrogenase 2 (IDH2) produces NADPH, which is known to inhibit mitochondrial oxidative stress. Ureteral obstruction induces kidney inflammation and fibrosis via oxidative stress. Here, we investigated the...
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27-Hydroxycholesterol induces macrophage gene expression via LXR-dependent and -independent mechanisms

Kim BY, Son Y, Cho Hr, Lee D, Eo SK, Kim K

27-Hydroxycholesterol (27OHChol) exhibits agonistic activity for liver X receptors (LXRs). To determine roles of the LXR agonistic activity in macrophage gene expression, we investigated the effects of LXR inhibition on...
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Feline adipose tissue-derived mesenchymal stem cells pretreated with IFN-γ enhance immunomodulatory effects through the PGE 2 pathway

Park SG, An JH, Li Q, Chae HK, Park SM, Lee JH, Ahn JO, Song WJ, Youn HY

Background: Preconditioning with inflammatory stimuli is used to improve the secretion of anti-inflammatory agents in stem cells from variant species such as mouse, human, and dog. However, there are only...
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A Case of Cytophagic Histiocytic Panniculitis Associated with Hemophagocytic Lymphohistiocytosis

Lee HJ, Ham JY, Park KD

  • KMID: 2513447
  • Korean J Dermatol.
  • 2021 Feb;59(2):157-159.
Cytophagic histiocytic panniculitis (CHP) is a rare form of panniculitis, presenting lymphohistiocytic infiltration within subcutaneous fat tissue with phagocytic histiocytes. Associated systemic symptoms includes fever, hepatosplenomegaly, lymphadenopathy, serositis, pancytopenia, hepatic...
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Antiasthmatic effect of atorvastatin via modulation of macrophage activation

Mo Y, Bae B, Kim Y, Kang H, Lee HS, Cho SH, Kang HR

Purpose: Asthma is a chronic airway inflammatory disorder and is associated with macrophages. Statin, a well-known lipid-lowering agent, has recently been noted for its anti-inflammatory effect on macrophage. This study...
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Gamma-aminobutyric acid-salt attenuated high cholesterol/high salt diet induced hypertension in mice

Son M, Oh S, Lee HS, Choi J, Lee BJ, Park JH, Park CH, Son KH, Byun K

Excessive salt intake induces hypertension, but several gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA) supplements have been shown to reduce blood pressure. GABAsalt, a fermented salt by L. brevis BJ20 containing GABA was prepared...
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Infiltration of T Cells and Programmed Cell Death Ligand 1-expressing Macrophages as a Potential Predictor of Lenvatinib Response in Hepatocellular Carcinoma

Sung PS, Cho SW, Lee J, Yang H, Jang JW, Bae SH, Choi JY, Yoon SK

Background/Aims: Lenvatinib was recently proven to be non-inferior to sorafenib in treating unresectable hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) in a phase-3 randomized controlled trial. In this study, we investigated whether the response...
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Deciphering Macrophage Phenotypes upon Lipid Uptake and Atherosclerosis

Lee J, Choi JH

In the progression of atherosclerosis, macrophages are the key immune cells for foam cell formation. During hyperlipidemic condition, phagocytic cells such as monocytes and macrophages uptake oxidized low-density lipoproteins (oxLDLs)...
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Polarization of M2 Macrophages by Interaction between Prostate Cancer Cells Treated with Trichomonas vaginalis and Adipocytes

Chung HY, Kim JH, Han IH, Ryu JS

Trichomonas vaginalis causes inflammation of the prostate and has been detected in tissues of prostate cancers (PCa), prostatitis and benign prostatic hyperplasia. Obesity is a risk factor for PCa and...
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Mechanisms of the Impact of Hashimoto Thyroiditis on Papillary Thyroid Carcinoma Progression: Relationship with the Tumor Immune Microenvironment

Sulaieva O, Chernenko S, Selesnov O, Nechay O, Maievskyi O, Falalyeyeva T, Kobyliak N, Tsyryuk O, Penchuk Y, Shapochka D

Background: The relationship between Hashimoto thyroiditis (HT) and papillary thyroid carcinoma (PTC) remains uncertain. We assessed the impact of HT on the tumor immune microenvironment (TIME) in PTC. Methods: Thirty patients...
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Obesity and Breast Cancer: The Role of Crown-Like Structures in Breast Adipose Tissue in Tumor Progression, Prognosis, and Therapy

Faria SS, Corrêa LH, Heyn GS, Sant'Ana LPd, Almeida RdN, Magalhães KG

Obesity is associated with increased risk and aggressiveness of many types of cancer. Women with obesity and breast cancer are more likely to be diagnosed with larger and higher-grade tumors...
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Metabolic Reprogramming of Macrophages in Atherosclerosis: Is It All about Cholesterol?

Yvan-Charvet L, Ivanov S

Hypercholesterolemia contributes to the chronic inflammatory response during the progression of atherosclerosis, in part by favoring cholesterol loading in macrophages and other immune cells. However, macrophages encounter a substantial amount...
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Anti-Inflammatory Effect for Atherosclerosis Progression by Sodium-Glucose Cotransporter 2 (SGLT-2) Inhibitor in a Normoglycemic Rabbit Model

Lee SG, Lee SJ, Lee JJ, Kim JS, Lee OH, Kim CK, Kim D, Lee YH, Oh J, Park S, Jeon OH, Hong SJ, Ahn CM, Kim BK, Ko YG, Choi D, Hong MK, Jang Y

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: We sought to investigate an anti-atherosclerotic and anti-inflammatory effect of sodium-glucose cotransporter-2 (SGLT-2) inhibitors in normoglycemic atherosclerotic rabbit model. METHODS: Male New Zealand white rabbits (n=26) were fed...
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Extracellular Trap by Blood Cells: Clinical Implications

Nija RJ, Sanju S, Sidharthan N, Mony U

BACKGROUND: Extracellular trap formation (ETosis) by various blood cells has been reported. This trap contains DNA, histones and granular proteins which can elicit an innate immune response by entrapping microorganisms....
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Select Macrophage Noncoding RNAs of Interest in Cardiovascular Disease

Enchill Z, Lantz C, Thorp EB

Cardiovascular disease remains a leading cause of morbidity and mortality worldwide. Aspects of disease severity that are associated with heightened inflammation, such as during atherosclerosis or after myocardial infarction, are...
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Differential Activation of Macrophages Based on Their Environment in Advanced Age

Lee DY, Lim JS, Cho KA

The macrophage displays functional and phenotypic diversity, which appears, in no small part, to stem from the ability of macrophages to adapt functionally to changes in their tissue microenvironment. Here,...
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Polymorphism in Macrophage Migration Inhibitory Factor -173GC in Pediatric Patients with Autoimmune Hepatitis

Alsayed MA, Elbeah SM, El-Desoky , Elziny SM, Megahed A

PURPOSE: Autoimmune hepatitis (AIH) is a chronic disease that may lead to cirrhosis. The immunopathogenesis of AIH is not fully understood and it mainly involves T-cell mediated mechanism. Macrophage migration...
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Immunomodulation for maxillofacial reconstructive surgery

Kim SG

Immunomodulation is a technique for the modulation of immune responses against graft material to improve surgical success rates. The main target cell for the immunomodulation is a macrophage because it...
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