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Dexmedetomidine and LPS co-treatment attenuates inflammatory response on WISH cells via inhibition of p38/NF-kB signaling pathway

Kim TS, Yoon JY, Kim CH, Choi EJ, Kim YH, Kim EJ

Background: Inflammatory dental diseases that occur during pregnancy can cause preterm labor and/or intrauterine growth restriction. Therefore, proactive treatment of dental diseases is necessary during pregnancy. Dexmedetomidine (DEX) is a...
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Gut-derived lipopolysaccharide promotes alcoholic hepatosteatosis and subsequent hepatocellular carcinoma by stimulating neutrophil extracellular traps through toll-like receptor 4

Liu Y, Zhang X, Chen S, Wang J, Yu S, Li Y, Xu M, Aboubacar H, Li J, Shan T, Wang J, Cao G

Background/Aims: Binge drinking leads to many disorders, including alcoholic hepatosteatosis, which is characterized by intrahepatic neutrophil infiltration and increases the risk of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). Molecular mechanisms may involve the...
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Leaky gut-derived tumor necrosis factor-α causes sarcopenia in patients with liver cirrhosis

Kawaguchi T, Torimura T

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A narrative review of the role of gastrointestinal dysbiosis in the pathogenesis of polycystic ovary syndrome

Parker J, O'Brien C, Hawrelak J

Diet-induced gastrointestinal dysbiosis has been hypothesized to play a significant role in stimulating an increase in gastrointestinal permeability and activating systemic inflammation in women with polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS). We...
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Inhibitory effects of fenbendazole, an anthelmintics, on lipopolysaccharide-activated mouse bone marrow cells

Park SR, Joo HG

Fenbendazole (FBZ) is a commonly used anthelmintic in veterinary medicine that has recently been found to have anticancer effects in humans. On the other hand, few studies have examined the...
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Bacterial Postbiotics as Promising Tools to Mitigate Cardiometabolic Diseases

Anhê FF, Jensen BAH, Perazza LR, Tchernof A, Schertzer JD, Marette A

Gut microbes dictate critical features of host immunometabolism. Certain bacterial components and metabolites (termed postbiotics) mitigate cardiometabolic diseases whereas others potentiate pathological processes. In this review, we discuss key aspects...
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Irisin Regulates the Functions of Hepatic Stellate Cells

Dong HN, Park SY, Le CT, Choi DH, Cho EH

Background: Hepatic stellate cells (HSCs) are known to play a fundamental role in the progression of liver fibrosis. Once HSCs are activated, they are involved in proliferation, migration, and contractility...
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EphrinA1/EphA2 Promotes Epithelial Hyperpermeability Involving in Lipopolysaccharide-induced Intestinal Barrier Dysfunction

Chen Y, Zhang L, Zhang Y, Bai T, Song J, Qian W, Hou X

  • KMID: 2504009
  • J Neurogastroenterol Motil.
  • 2020 Jul;26(3):397-409.
  • doi: 10.5056/jnm19095
Background/Aims Lipopolysaccharide (LPS) is the key factor inducing mucosal and systemic inflammation in various intestinal and parenteral diseases, which could initially disrupt the epithelial barrier function. EphrinA1/ephA2 is speculated to...
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Effect of BMS-470539 on lipopolysaccharide-induced neutrophil activation

Lee S, Ju W, Tin TD, Kim J, Lee JS, Park CH, Kwak SH

Background: BMS-470539, a recently introduced selective agonist of the melanocortin 1 receptor, is known to have anti-inflammatory properties. In this study, we investigated the effects of BMS-470539 on lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced...
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Protective role of curcumin against lipopolysaccharide-induced inflammation and apoptosis in human neutrophil

Cho KB, Park CH, Kim J, Tin TD, Kwak SH

Background: Sepsis, an uncontrolled host response to infection, may be life-threatening organ injury. Neutrophils play a critical role in regulation of host immune response to infection. Curcumin, known as a...
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Inhibitory effect of carvacrol on lipopolysaccharide-induced memory impairment in rats

Lee B, Yeom M, Shim I, Lee H, Hahm DH

Neuroinflammation is an important process underlying a wide variety of neurodegenerative diseases. Carvacrol (CAR) is a phenolic monoterpene commonly used as a food additive due to its antibacterial properties, but...
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Comparison of inflammatory cytokine-inducing activity of lipopolysaccharides from major periodontal bacteria

Kim SH, Kang IC

Porphyromonas gingivalis (Pg), Aggregatibacter actinomycetemcomitans (Aa), Tannerella forsythia (Tf), Prevotella intermedia (Pi), and Fusobacterium nucleatum (Fn) are major periodontal pathogens. Lipopolysaccharides (LPSs) from periodontal bacteria play an important role in...
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Effects of remifentanil preconditioning on factors related to uterine contraction in WISH cells

Kim CH, Lee SH, Kim EJ, Ahn JH, Choi EJ, Yoon JU, Choi IS

BACKGROUND: Preterm labor and miscarriage may occur in stressful situations, such as a surgical operation or infection during pregnancy. Pharyngeal and buccal abscess and facial bone fractures are inevitable dental...
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Neutrophilic Granule Protein Is a Novel Murine LPS Antagonist

Hong J, Qu P, Wuest TR, Huang H, Huang C, Lin PC

Neutrophilic granule protein (NGP) was previously reported as a granular protein of neutrophils in mouse, but the function has not been known clearly. We found the presence of the possible...
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Potential Roles of Innate Immune Chemokine and Cytokine Network on Lipopolysaccharide-Based Therapeutic Approach in Ovarian Cancer

Ignacio RM, Lee ES, Son DS

Ovarian cancer (OC), the deadliest gynecological cancer, results in poor overall survival, urgently requiring a novel therapeutic approach. As cumulative exposures to endotoxins decreased OC risk epidemiologically, we evaluated if...
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The effects of BMS-470539 on lipopolysaccharide-induced acute lung injury

Jang EA, Kim JY, Tin TD, Song JA, Lee SH, Kwak SH

BACKGROUND: Overactivation of inflammatory cells, including macrophages and neutrophils, is associated with acute lung injury. BMS-470539 is a selective agonist of melanocortin 1 receptor, which triggers the inhibition of proinflammatory...
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Anti-inflammatory Role of Mesenchymal Stem Cells in an Acute Lung Injury Mouse Model

Huh JW, Kim WY, Park YY, Lim CM, Koh Y, Kim MJ, Hong SB

BACKGROUND: Mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) attenuate injury in various lung injury models through paracrine effects. We hypothesized that intratracheal transplantation of allogenic MSCs could attenuate lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced acute lung injury...
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Interleukin-4 Contributes to Degeneration of Dopamine Neurons in the Lipopolysaccharide-treated Substantia Nigra in vivo

Bok E, Cho EJ, Chung ES, Shin WH, Jin BK

The present study investigated the effects of interleukin (IL)-4 on dopamine (DA) neurons in the substantia nigra (SN) in vivo of lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-treated rat. Tyrosine hydroxylase immunohistochemistry showed a significant...
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Dysregulation of GABAergic Signalling Contributes in the Pathogenesis of Diarrhea-predominant Irritable Bowel Syndrome

Aggarwal S, Ahuja V, Paul J

  • KMID: 2417387
  • J Neurogastroenterol Motil.
  • 2018 Jul;24(3):422-430.
  • doi: 10.5056/jnm17100
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Diarrhea-predominant irritable bowel syndrome (IBS-D) is a prevalent functional bowel disorder. Abdominal pain, discomfort and altered intestinal habits are the salient features of IBS-D. Low grade inflammation and altered...
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A Single Intraperitoneal Injection of Endotoxin Changes Glial Cells in Rats as Revealed by Positron Emission Tomography Using [¹¹C]PK11195

Ota M, Ogura J, Ogawa S, Kato K, Matsuda H, Kunugi H

PURPOSE: Intracranial administration of lipopolysaccharide (LPS) is known to elicit a rapid innate immune response, activate glial cells in the brain, and induce depression-like behavior. However, no study has focused...
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