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A meta-analysis on advantages of peripheral nerve block post-total knee arthroplasty

You D, Qin L, Li K, Li D, Zhao G, Li L

Background: Postoperative pain management is crucial for patients undergoing total knee arthroplasty (TKA). There have been many recent clinical trials on post-TKA peripheral nerve block; however, they have reported inconsistent...
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Bone Microarchitecture at the Femoral Attachment of the Posterior Cruciate Ligament (PCL) by Texture Analysis of Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) in Patients with PCL Injury: an Indirect Reflection of Ligament Integrity

Kim H, Shin Y, Kim SH, Lee YH

Purpose: (1) To evaluate the trabecular pattern at the femoral attachment of the posterior cruciate ligament (PCL) in patients with a PCL injury; (2) to analyze bone microarchitecture by applying...
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Relationship of the fabella with the origins of the plantaris and gastrocnemius lateral head muscles in late-term fetuses: a histological study

Jin ZW, Kim JH, Suzuki D, Sugai N, Murakami G, Abe H, Rodríguez-Vázquez JF

Previous studies of midterm fetuses indicated that a cartilaginous fabella appeared to be embedded in the plantaris (PL), and was fused with the gastrocnemius lateral head (GL). We re-examined the...
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Fabella and patella variants: radiographic prevalence, distribution and clinical relevance in a population of black African descent

Adedigba JA, Idowu BM, Hermans SP, Okwori OF, Onigbinde SO, Oluwadiya KS, Amoako AA, Weidenhaft MC

To evaluate the radiographic characteristics and prevalence of fabella and patella variants in an indigenous African population. This retrospective observational study of orthogonal knee radiographs of 377 consecutive subjects was...
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May–Thurner Syndrome after Total Knee Arthroplasty

Shim CH, Park JW, Wang L

Iliac vein compression syndrome, which results in thrombosis of the left iliac veins, was first described by May and Thurner in 1957. May– Thurner syndrome should be considered when deep...
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Review of the Reasons in Cases Requiring Varus/Valgus Constrained Prosthesis in Primary Total Knee Arthroplasty

Kong DY, Park SH, Choi CH

Purpose: The least constrained prosthesis is generally recommended in primary total knee arthroplasty (TKA). Nevertheless, a varus/valgus constrained (VVC) prosthesis should be implanted when a semi-constrained prosthesis is not good...
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Truncal Changes in Patients Suffering Severe Hip or Knee Osteoarthritis: A Surface Topography Study

Kechagias VA, Grivas TB, Papagelopoulos PJ, Kontogeorgakos VA, Vlasis K

Background: Osteoarthritis (OA) of the hip and knee is a degenerative disease with complications, including reduced range of motion and pain. Although OA of the hip and knee is common,...
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Comparison of Patellofemoral-Specific Clinical and Radiographic Results after Total Knee Arthroplasty Using a Patellofemoral Design-Modified Prosthesis and Its Predecessor

Song SJ, Kim KI, Suh DU, Park CH

Background: One recently developed total knee arthroplasty (TKA) prosthesis was designed to alter the patellofemoral geometry and optimize patellar tracking compared to its predecessor. Despite an expectation that the improved...
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Treatment of 10-mm-Deep or Greater Uncontained Tibial Bone Defects in Primary Total Knee Reconstruction without Metal Augmentation: Autologous Oblique Structural Peg Bone and Cancellous Chip Bone Grafting

Chon JG, Kang JW, Kim CU, Jeong U, Go J

Background: In this study, we report satisfactory clinical and radiological outcomes after autologous oblique structural peg bone and cancellous chip bone grafting without metal augmentation, including the use of a...
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Perioperative Outcomes of Patients Who Were Not Candidates for Additional Nonsteroidal Antiinflammatory Drugs in a Multimodal Pain Control Regimen for Total Knee Arthroplasty

Laoruengthana A, Chaibhuddanugul N, Rattanaprichavej P, Malisorn S, Tangsripong P, Pongpirul K

Background: Postoperative pain following total knee arthroplasty (TKA) may hamper patients from a rapid recovery and increase perioperative blood loss and stress on the cardiovascular system. Therefore, our objective was...
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Treatment of Recurrent Hemarthrosis Following Total Knee Arthroplasty Using Surgical Interventions

Park KH, Kim DH, Jang SW, Ryu JH, Ko KY

Background: Recurrent hemarthrosis following total knee arthroplasty (TKA) is a rare complication. Its pathophysiology and standard treatments have not yet been established. In this study, we report 7 cases of...
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Accuracy of 2D CT-Based Measurements of Rotational Alignment of the Femoral Component for Total Knee Arthroplasty

Park JY, Kwon HM, Cho BW, Lee WS, Yang IH, Park KK

Purpose: We aimed to investigate the accuracy of two-dimensional computed tomography (2D-CT)-based methods for measuring rotational alignment of the femoral component during total knee arthroplasty in comparison to reference values...
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Arthrodesis of the Knee Using a Retrograde Femoral Intramedullary Nail: Technical Report

Wang L, Kim SH

Arthrodesis is one of the last options available to obtain a stable, painless knee in patients who are unable to undergo reconstructive surgery due to a damaged knee joint. A...
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Arteriography and Embolization of Lateral Inferior Genicular Artery of Recurrent Spontaneous Hemarthrosis after Total Knee Arthroplasty

Chon JG, Kang JW, Yoon JY, Jeong U

Recurrent spontaneous hemarthrosis is a relatively rare complication of total knee arthroplasty. This paper reports a case of a patient treated with arterial embolization for recurrent spontaneous hemarthrosis even after...
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Efficacy of Tranexamic Acid during Primary Total Knee Arthroplasty: Comparative Study between Intravenous Use and Topical Use

Lee HJ, An KY, Park JY, Chung YW

Purpose: This study examined the effectiveness of tranexamic acid in reducing postoperative blood loss in total knee arthroplasty by comparing the methods of administration between an intravenous group, topical group,...
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Knee joint reconstruction using regional flaps: an aesthetic approach to extensive defects following fourth-degree contact burns

Oh SJ, Kang JC

Flap surgery may be required in cases of severe contact burns. The authors report a patient with an exposed knee joint. A 47-year-old man experienced a wide and deep contact...
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The role of the iliotibial band cross-sectional area as a morphological parameter of the iliotibial band friction syndrome: a retrospective pilot study

Park J, Cho HR, Kang KN, Choi KW, Choi YS, Jeong HW, Yi J, Kim YU

Background: Iliotibial band friction syndrome (ITBFS) is a common disorder of the lateral knee. Previous research has reported that the iliotibial band (ITB) thickness (ITBT) is correlated with ITBFS, and...
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Defining the popliteal fossa by bony landmarks and mapping of the courses of the neurovascular structures for application in popliteal fossa surgery

Greenwood K, Zyl Rv, Keough N, Hohmann E

Surgical access to the posterior knee poses a high-risk for neurovascular damage. The study aimed to define the popliteal fossa by reliable bony landmarks and comprehensively mapping the neurovascular structures...
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Morphometric analysis of vastus medialis oblique muscle and its influence on anterior knee pain

Sawy MME, Mikkawy DMEE, El-Sayed SM, Desouky AM

Healthy knees require full range squatting movements. Vastus medialis (VM) muscle regulates and adjusts the extensor apparatus that inf luences the patellofemoral function. This work was designed to investigate the...
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Manipulation of Tibial Component to Ensure Avoidance of Bearing Separation from the Vertical Wall of Tibial Component in Oxford Unicompartmental Arthroplasty

Hiranaka T, Tanaka T, Okimura K, Fujishiro T, Shigemoto R, Araki S, Okada R, Nako R, Kamenaga T, Okamoto K

In Oxford unicompartmental knee arthroplasty, the relationship between the mobile bearing and the vertical wall of the tibial tray is important in preventing bearing dislocation. Separation of the bearing from...
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