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Potential Role of Cytosolic RNA Sensor MDA5 as an Inhibitor for Keratinocyte Differentiation in the Pathogenesis of Psoriasis

Hong DK, Choi MR, Hwang YL, Lee JK, Lee Y, Seo YJ, Kim S, Lee YH, Kim CD, Lee JH

Background: Psoriasis is a chronic inflammatory skin disease. The etiology of psoriasis is not fully understood, but the genetic background is considered to be the most important factor. To date,...
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Keratinocyte-Like Cells Trans-Differentiated from Human Adipose-Derived Stem Cells, Facilitate Skin Wound Healing in Mice

Kim J, Hasegawa T, Wada A, Maeda Y, Ikeda S

Background: Mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) have been reported to promote wound healing in both animal models and human studies. Among MSCs, adipose-derived stem cells (ADSCs) can be easily harvested in...
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Keratinocytes-Derived Reactive Oxygen Species Play an Active Role to Induce Type 2 Inflammation of the Skin: A Pathogenic Role of Reactive Oxygen Species at the Early Phase of Atopic Dermatitis

Choi DI, Park JH, Choi JY, Piao M, Suh MS, Lee JB, Yun SJ, Lee SC

Background: Atopic dermatitis (AD) is characterized by chronic, relapsing skin inflammation (eczema) with itchy sensation. Keratinocytes, which are located at the outermost part of our body, are supposed to play...
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NaHCO 3- and NaCl-Type Hot Springs Enhance the Secretion of Inflammatory Cytokine Induced by Polyinosinic-Polycytidylic Acid in HaCaT Cells

Park SH, Jung BY, Lee SY, Yu DS, Woo SY, Yun ST, Lee JT, Kim JW, Lee YB

Background: Hot springs have been traditionally used as an alternative treatment for a wide range of diseases, including rheumatoid arthritis, bronchial asthma, diabetes, hypertension, psoriasis and atopic dermatitis. However, the...
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Possible Role of Lysine Demethylase 2A in the Pathophysiology of Psoriasis

Kim DH, Choi MR, Lee JK, Hong DK, Jung KE, Choi CW, Lee Y, Kim CD, Seo YJ, Lee JH

Background Psoriasis is a common chronic inflammatory skin disease. The development of psoriasis is dependent on many intercellular events such as innate immunity and T cell-mediated inflammation. Furthermore, genetic factors are...
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Purpurogallin Protects Keratinocytes from Damage and Apoptosis Induced by Ultraviolet B Radiation and Particulate Matter 2.5

Zhen AX, Piao MJ, Hyun YJ, Kang KA, Ryu YS, Cho SJ, Kang HK, Koh YS, Ahn MJ, Kim TH, Hyun JW

Purpurogallin, a natural phenol obtained from oak nutgalls, has been shown to possess antioxidant, anticancer, and anti-inflammatory effects. Recently, in addition to ultraviolet B (UVB) radiation that induces cell apoptosis...
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Inhibition of Poly(I:C)-Induced Inflammation by Salvianolic Acid A in Skin Keratinocytes

Zhang QL, Jiang RH, Li XM, Ko JW, Kim CD, Zhu MJ, Lee JH

BACKGROUND: Skin keratinocytes participate actively in inducing immune responses when external pathogens are introduced, thereby contributing to elimination of pathogens. However, in condition where the excessive inflammation is occurred, chronic...
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Effect of the hedgehog signaling pathway on hair formation-related cells

Park J, Park S, Seo J, Roh S

Alopecia has emerged as one of the biggest interests in modern society. Many studies have focused on the treatment of alopecia, such as transplantation of hair follicles or inhibition of...
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A Novel Effect of Lipids Extracted from Vernix Caseosa on Regulation of Filaggrin Expression in Human Epidermal Keratinocytes

Qiao W, Jia T, Gu H, Guo R, Kaku K, Wu W

BACKGROUND: Vernix caseosa (VC), which is known as a unique human substance, is a biofilm that covers the skin of most human newborns. VC has many biological functions including anti-infective,...
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Particulate Matter-Induced Aryl Hydrocarbon Receptor Regulates Autophagy in Keratinocytes

Jang HS, Lee JE, Myung CH, Park JI, Jo CS, Hwang JS

Particulate matter (PM), which refers to the mixture of particles present in the air, can have harmful effects. Damage to cells by PM, including disruption of organelles and proteins, can...
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Vitamin D maintains E-cadherin intercellular junctions by downregulating MMP-9 production in human gingival keratinocytes treated by TNF-α

Oh C, Kim HJ, Kim HM

PURPOSE: Despite the well-known anti-inflammatory effects of vitamin D in periodontal health, its mechanism has not been fully elucidated. In the present study, the effect of vitamin D on strengthening...
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Phloxine O, a Cosmetic Colorant, Suppresses the Expression of Thymic Stromal Lymphopoietin and Acute Dermatitis Symptoms in Mice

Lee HE, Yang G, Kim KB, Lee BM, Lee JY

Cosmetics are primarily applied to the skin; therefore, the association of cosmetic dyes with skin diseases or inflammation is a topic of great interest. Thymic stromal lymphopoietin (TSLP) is an...
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Possible Role of Single Stranded DNA Binding Protein 3 on Skin Hydration by Regulating Epidermal Differentiation

Choi MR, Shin JM, Shin YA, Chang YH, Chang MY, Lim CA, Sohn KC, Seo YJ, Kim CD, Lee JH, Lee Y

BACKGROUND: Skin hydration is a common problem both in elderly and young people as dry skin may cause irritation, dermatological disorders, and wrinkles. While both genetic and environmental factors seem...
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Skin Barrier and Calcium

Lee SE, Lee SH

Epidermal barrier formation and the maintenance of barrier homeostasis are essential to protect us from the external environments and organisms. Moreover, impaired keratinocytes differentiation and dysfunctional skin barrier can be...
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Induction of Rhesus Keratinocytes into Functional Ameloblasts by Mouse Embryonic Dental Mesenchyme

Ruan N, Lin C, Dong X, Hu X, Zhang Y

Fast progresses in stem cell-based tooth tissue engineering have been achieved in recent years in several animal models including the mouse, rat, dog, and pig. Moreover, various postnatal mesenchymal stem...
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The Effect of Adiponectin on the Regulation of Filaggrin Expression in Normal Human Epidermal Keratinocytes

Choi SY, Kim MJ, Ahn GR, Park KY, Lee MK, Seo SJ

BACKGROUND: Adiponectin, an adipokine secreted from adipocytes, affects energy metabolism and also shows anti-diabetic and anti-inflammatory properties. Recent studies have reported that adiponectin plays a role in regulating skin inflammation. OBJECTIVE:...
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Adiponectin Upregulates Filaggrin Expression via SIRT1-Mediated Signaling in Human Normal Keratinocytes

Jin T, Park KY, Seo SJ

BACKGROUND: Filaggrin (FLG) is the major component of the epidermal granular layer and binds to and condenses the keratin cytoskeleton. FLG thus contributes to cell compaction and serves as a...
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Clinical Consideration about Characteristics and Treatment of Scalding Burn Caused by Instant Noodle

Tae SP, Lim SY, Song JK, Joo HS

PURPOSE: Instant noodle is one of the most popular noodle and its consumption is increasing annually. So scalding burns caused by Instant noodle are comparatively common. Instant noodle can lead...
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Substrate roughness induces the development of defective E-cadherin junctions in human gingival keratinocytes

Jin C, Lee G, Oh C, Kim HJ, Kim HM

PURPOSE: The entry of bacteria or harmful substances through the epithelial seal of human gingival keratinocytes (HGKs) in the junctional epithelium (JE) is blocked by specialized intercellular junctions such as...
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Propofol protects human keratinocytes from oxidative stress via autophagy expression

Yoon JY, Jeon HO, Kim EJ, Kim CH, Yoon JU, Park BS, Yu SB, Kwak JW

BACKGROUND: The skin consists of tightly connected keratinocytes, and prevents extensive water loss while simultaneously protecting against the entry of microbial pathogens. Excessive cellular levels of reactive oxygen species can...
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