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Comparison of the Agitation-Reducing Effects of Esmolol and Lidocaine in Pediatric Strabismus Surgery: A Double-Blind, Randomized Clinical Study

Ji JY, Kang KS, Seo YH, Jung HS, Chun HR, Choi JS

Objective: Agitation is a common symptom in children undergoing surgery, especially when surgeries are performed under sevoflurane and when patients undergo strabismus surgery. Because agitation can increase the risk of...
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Thirty-year Trend in Inflammatory Bowel Disease on Jeju Island, South Korea

Kim JW, Song HJ, Boo SJ, Kim HU, Kang KS, Na SY

Background/Aims: Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD), including Crohn’s disease (CD) and ulcerative colitis (UC), is increasing in South Korea. On the other hand, there are no reports of the incidence and...
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Safe Optimal Tear Drop View for Spinopelvic Fixation Using a Three-Dimensional Reconstruction Model of the Pelvis

Park SC, Hong TC, Yang JH, Chang DG, Suh SW, Nam Y, Kang MS, Jung TG, Park KM, Kang KS

Background: Spinopelvic fixation (SPF) has been a challenge for surgeons despite the advancements in instruments and surgical techniques. C-arm fluoroscopy-guided SPF is a widely used safe technique that utilizes the...
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Effect of Total Hip Arthroplasty on Ipsilateral Lower Limb Alignment and Knee Joint Space Width: Minimum 5-Year Follow-up

Choi YS, Park JW, Kim TW, Kang KS, Lee YK, Koo KH, Chang CB

Background: This study aimed to 1) assess the effect of total hip arthroplasty (THA) on coronal limb alignment, namely, the hip–knee–ankle angle (HKA), 2) identify factors that determine changes in...
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Epidemiological Trends of Pediatric Inflammatory Bowel Disease in Korea: A Multicenter Study of the Last 3 Years Including the COVID-19 Era

Choi SY, Choi S, Kang B, Choe BH, Lee YJ, Park JH, Kim YB, Kim JY, Lee K, Lee KJ, Kang KS, Lee YM, Kim HJ, Kang Y, Jang HJ, Yi DY, Hong SJ, Choi YJ, Hong J, Kim SC

Background: Studies on how the coronavirus pandemic has affected pediatric inflammatory bowel disease (PIBD) are lacking. We aimed to investigate the trends in epidemiology, characteristics, initial management, and short-term outcomes...
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Immunomodulatory Effect of Epidermal Growth Factor Secreted by Human Umbilical Cord Blood-Derived Mesenchymal Stem Cells on Atopic Dermatitis

Jung N, Kong T, Yu Y, Park H, Lee E, Yoo S, Baek S, Lee S, Kang KS

Background and Objectives: Human mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) are emerging as a treatment for atopic dermatitis (AD), a chronic inflammatory skin disorder that affects a large number of people across...
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A combined anterior and posterior approach for elbow ankylosis

Kim YS, Kim J, Kang KS, Bae KJ, Baek GH

Purpose: An ankylosed elbow should be released with consideration of the nature of the stiffness and location of the pathologic structures, and care should be taken to avoid damage to...
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Generation of Cortical Brain Organoid with Vascularization by Assembling with Vascular Spheroid

Kook MG, Lee SE, Shin N, Kong D, Kim DH, Kim MS, Kang HK, Choi SW, Kang KS

Background and Objectives: Brain organoids have the potential to improve our understanding of brain development and neurological disease. Despite the importance of brain organoids, the effect of vascularization on brain...
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Combined Mesenchymal Stem Cells and Cartilage Acellular Matrix Injection Therapy for Osteoarthritis in Goats

Kim M, Ahn J, Lee J, Song S, Lee S, Lee S, Kang KS

Background: Human umbilical cord blood-derived MSCs (hUCB-MSCs) have been studied in osteoarthritis (OA) and cartilage regeneration. Our previous study demonstrated that hUCB-MSCs combined with cartilage acellular matrix injection (CAM Inj.) represent...
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Quantitative Analysis of Pancreatic Fat in Children with Obesity Using Magnetic Resonance Imaging and Ultrasonography

Lee MS, Lee JS, Kim BS, Kim DR, Kang KS

Purpose: The aim of this study was to evaluate the pancreatic fat fraction (PFF) using magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) in children with and without obesity and to correlate PFF with...
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Effector Memory CD8 + and CD4 + T Cell Immunity Associated with Metabolic Syndrome in Obese Children

Yang DH, Lee H, Lee N, Shin MS, Kang I, Kang KS

Purpose: We investigated the association of effector memory (EM) CD8 + T cell and CD4 + T cell immunity with metabolic syndrome (MS). Methods: Surface and intracellular staining of peripheral blood...
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Nationwide “Pediatric Nutrition Day” survey on the nutritional status of hospitalized children in South Korea

Lee YM, Ryoo E, Hong J, Kang B, Choe BH, Seo JH, Park JS, Jang HJ, Lee Y, Chang EJ, Chang JY, Lee HJ, Kim JY, Lee EH, Kim HJ, Chung JY, Choi YJ, Choi SY, Kim SC, Kang KS, Yi DY, Moon KR, Lee JH, Kim YJ, Yang HR

BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the nutritional status and prevalence of malnutrition in hospitalized children at admission and during hospitalization in South Korea. SUBJECTS/METHODS: This first cross-sectional nationwide “Pediatric Nutrition Day (pNday)” survey...
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The Role of Interventional Radiology in Treatment of Patients with Acute Trauma: A Pictorial Essay

Kang KS, Lee MS, Kim DR, Kim YH

Acute trauma is a common cause of mortality in individuals aged < 40 years. As organ preservation has become important in treating trauma patients, the treatment is shifting from surgical...
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Multicentric Florid Cystic Endosalpingiosis in Different Anatomical Spaces: A Case Report

Kang KS, Lee JS, Kim DR, Koh MJ, Kim SY, Kim YK, Hyun CL

Endosalpingiosis is a condition that causes the non-neoplastic proliferation of ectopic tubal epithelium. Florid cystic endosalpingiosis is an atypical subtype that is very rarely reported. It presents as a mass-like...
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Induced neural stem cells from human patient-derived fibroblasts attenuate neurodegeneration in Niemann-Pick type C mice

Hong S, Lee SE, Kang I, Yang J, Kim H, Kim J, Kang KS

Background: Niemann-Pick disease type C (NPC) is caused by the mutation of NPC genes, which leads to the abnormal accumulation of unesterified cholesterol and glycolipids in lysosomes. This autosomal recessive...
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Does the Obesity Paradox Exist in Cognitive Function?: Evidence from the Korean Longitudinal Study of Ageing, 2006–2016

Kang KS, Lee Y, Park S, Kimm H, Chung W

Background: There have been many studies on the associations between body mass index (BMI) and cognitive function. However, no study has ever compared the associations across the methods of categorizing...
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The Effects of Compliance and Self Efficacy on Nursing Education Program for Pneumonia Patient

Kang KS, Choi H

Purpose: The purpose of this study was to validate the effects that the structured pamphlet and education through tablets regarding the daily life management and disease nursing education program has...
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Steroid-induced Psychosis in Adolescent Patient with Crohn’s Disease

Kim JW, Kang KS, Kang NR

  • KMID: 2504046
  • J Korean Acad Child Adolesc Psychiatry.
  • 2020 Jul;31(3):161-164.
  • doi: 10.5765/jkacap.200022
Crohn’s disease is a chronic inflammatory disease that involves the upper and lower gastrointestinal tracts, including the oral cavity. For the conventional treatment of inflammatory bowel diseases, steroids are usually...
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Poncirin Inhibits Osteoclast Differentiation and Bone Loss through Down-Regulation of NFATc1 In Vitro and In Vivo

Chun KH, Jin HC, Kang KS, Chang TS, Hwang GS

Activation of osteoclast and inactivation of osteoblast result in loss of bone mass with bone resorption, leading to the pathological progression of osteoporosis. The receptor activator of NF-κB ligand (RANKL)...
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Predictive Markers for Screening Renal Damagein Children with Urinary Tract infections andVesicoureteral Reflux

Lee H, Choi JH, Kang DH, Kim S, Kang KS, Han KH

Purpose: Urinary tract infections (UTIs) are the most common and serious bacterial infections in children. Therefore, early diagnosis of vesicoureteral reflux (VUR) for treatment planning and the identification of noninvasive markers that...
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