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Lower High-Density Lipoprotein Cholesterol Concentration Is Independently Associated with Greater Future Accumulation of Intra-Abdominal Fat

Song SO, Hwang YC, Ryu HU, Kahn SE, Leonetti DL, Fujimoto WY, Boyko EJ

Background: Both intra-abdominal fat (IAF) and high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C) are known to be associated with cardiometabolic health. We evaluated whether the accumulation of computed tomography (CT)-measured IAF over 5...
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Expression of LONP1 Is High in Visceral Adipose Tissue in Obesity, and Is Associated with Glucose and Lipid Metabolism

Lee JH, Jung SB, Lee SE, Kim JE, Kim JT, Kang YE, Kang SG, Yi HS, Ko YB, Lee KH, Ku BJ, Shong M, Kim HJ

Background: The nature and role of the mitochondrial stress response in adipose tissue in relation to obesity are not yet known. To determine whether the mitochondrial unfolded protein response (UPRmt)...
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Risk for metabolic syndrome in the population with visceral fat area measured by bioelectrical impedance analysis

Jeon HH, Lee YK, Kim DH, Pak H, Shin SY, Seo JH

Background/Aims: To investigate whether visceral fat area (VFA) measured by bioelectric impedance analysis (BIA) was associated with metabolic syndrome in subjects with and without obesity. Methods: A total 23,202 participants who...
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Comparison of Computed Tomography-based Abdominal Adiposity Indexes as Predictors of Non-alcoholic Fatty Liver Disease Among Middle-aged Korean Men and Women

Baek J, Jung SJ, Shim JS, Jeon YW, Seo E, Kim HC

Objectives: We compared the associations of 3 computed tomography (CT)-based abdominal adiposity indexes with non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) among middle-aged Korean men and women. Methods: The participants were 1366 men...
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Apolipoprotein B Levels Predict Future Development of Hypertension Independent of Visceral Adiposity and Insulin Sensitivity

Han SJ, Fujimoto WY, Kahn SE, Leonetti DL, Boyko EJ

Background: High plasma apolipoprotein B (apoB) levels have been shown to be associated with hypertension, central obesity, and insulin resistance in cross-sectional research. However, it is unclear whether apoB levels...
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Intra-Abdominal Fat and High Density Lipoprotein Cholesterol Are Associated in a Non-Linear Pattern in Japanese-Americans

Song SO, Hwang YC, Kahn SE, Leonetti DL, Fujimoto WY, Boyko EJ

Background: We describe the association between high density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C) concentration and computed tomography (CT)-measured fat depots. Methods: We examined the cross-sectional associations between HDL-C concentration and intra-abdominal (IAF), abdominal...
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Visceral-to-Subcutaneous Abdominal Fat Ratio Is Associated with Nonalcoholic Fatty Liver Disease and Liver Fibrosis

Jung CH, Rhee EJ, Kwon H, Chang Y, Ryu S, Lee WY

BACKGROUND: We evaluated the association of visceral-to-subcutaneous fat ratio (VSR) with nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) and advanced fibrosis degree based on noninvasive serum fibrosis markers in the general population...
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Genetic and Environmental Factors Contributing to Visceral Adiposity in Asian Populations

Williams R, Periasamy M

Obesity-associated metabolic illnesses are increasing at an alarming rate in Asian countries. A common feature observed in the Asian population is a higher incidence of abdominal obesity—the “skinny-fat” Asian syndrome....
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Association of visceral adiposity and insulin resistance with colorectal adenoma and colorectal cancer

Jung IS, Shin CM, Park SJ, Park YS, Yoon H, Jo HJ, Kim N, Lee DH

BACKGROUND/AIMS: To examine whether visceral adiposity serves as a risk factor for colorectal cancer (CRC) and colorectal adenomas. METHODS: Two hundred healthy subjects, 200 patients with colorectal adenoma, and 151 patients...
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Sarcopenia Is Significantly Associated with Presence and Severity of Nonalcoholic Fatty Liver Disease

Chung GE, Kim MJ, Yim JY, Kim JS, Yoon JW

BACKGROUND: The association between nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) and sarcopenia has been suggested. We investigated the association between sarcopenia and NAFLD independent of visceral adiposity and searched for the...
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Perirenal and epicardial fat and their association with carotid intima-media thickness in children

López-Bermejo A, Prats-Puig A, Osiniri I, Martínez-Calcerrada JM, Bassols J

Recent data suggest that subclinical atherosclerosis is more related to visceral adipose tissue distribution than to overall fat mass. Both perirenal fat and epicardial fat are visceral fat depots surrounding...
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Prognostic Significance of the Imaging Parameters of Adipose Tissue and Bone Marrow on F-18 Fluorodeoxyglucose PET/CT in Patients with Malignant Melanoma

Lee JH, Lee SM, Kim JE

PURPOSE: Fluorodeoxyglucose (FDG) uptake of bone marrow (BM) and adipose tissue is known to reflect systemic inflammatory response to cancer cell. The objective of this study was to evaluate the...
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Effect of Abdominal Visceral Fat Change on the Regression of Erosive Esophagitis: A Prospective Cohort Study

Nam SY, Kim YW, Park BJ, Ryu KH, Kim HB

BACKGROUND/AIMS: Although abdominal visceral fat has been associated with erosive esophagitis in cross-sectional studies, there are few data on the longitudinal effect. We evaluated the effects of abdominal visceral fat...
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Association between Vitamin D Concentration and Visceral Fat Area in Healthy Korean Adults

Paek JK, Won JH, Shin HR, Kim DY, Kim K, Lee SY

BACKGROUND: Studies on the relationship between vitamin D and visceral fat area (VFA; intra-abdominal fat area) have been actively conducted. But, there is a few Korean population-based studies about the...
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Association between Blood Mercury Level and Visceral Adiposity in Adults

Park JS, Ha KH, He K, Kim DJ

BACKGROUND: Few studies have examined the association between mercury exposure and obesity. The aim of this study is to investigate the association between blood mercury concentrations and indices of obesity...
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The Effect of Estrogen Replacement Therapy on Visceral Fat, Serum Glucose, Lipid Profiles and Apelin Level in Ovariectomized Rats

Babaei P, Dastras A, Tehrani BS, Pourali Roudbaneh S

OBJECTIVES: Ovarian hormones have been shown to regulate body weight, intra-abdominal fat accumulation and plasma level of cytokines. The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of estrogen...
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Is Vitamin D an Independent Risk Factor of Nonalcoholic Fatty Liver Disease?: a Cross-Sectional Study of the Healthy Population

Park D, Kwon H, Oh SW, Joh HK, Hwang SS, Park JH, Yun JM, Lee H, Chung GE, Ze S, Park JH, Bae Y, Lee A

The association between vitamin D levels and nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) has been recognized. However, few studies showed independent associations between vitamin D deficiency and NAFLD after a sex-related...
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Ultrasound measurement of pediatric visceral fat thickness: correlations with metabolic and liver profiles

Jung JH, Jung MK, Kim KE, Kwon AR, Chae HW, Yoon CS, Kim HS, Kim DH

PURPOSE: Abdominal obesity is a fundamental factor underlying the development of metabolic syndrome. Because of radiation exposure and cost, computed tomography or dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry to evaluate abdominal adiposity are...
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Dual-Energy X-Ray Absorptiometry: Beyond Bone Mineral Density Determination

Choi YJ

Significant improvements in dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA) concerning quality, image resolution and image acquisition time have allowed the development of various functions. DXA can evaluate bone quality by indirect analysis...
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Distribution and Impact of the Visceral Fat Area in Patients With Colorectal Cancer

Yu H, Joh YG, Son GM, Kim HS, Jo HJ, Kim HY

PURPOSE: The purposes of this study were to investigate the distribution of the visceral fat area (VFA) and general obesity and to compare visceral and general obesity as predictors of...
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