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Innate Lymphoid Cells in the Airways: Their Functions and Regulators

Orimo K, Saito H, Matsumoto , Morita H

Since the airways are constantly exposed to various pathogens and foreign antigens, various kinds of cells in the airways—including structural cells and immune cells—interact to form a precise defense system...
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The Interaction between Joint Inflammation and Cartilage Repair

van der Kraan PM

BACKGROUND: Articular cartilage lesions occur frequently but unfortunately damaged cartilage has a very limited intrinsic repair capacity. Therefore, there is a high need to develop technology that makes cartilage repair...
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Potential Roles of Innate Immune Chemokine and Cytokine Network on Lipopolysaccharide-Based Therapeutic Approach in Ovarian Cancer

Ignacio RM, Lee ES, Son DS

Ovarian cancer (OC), the deadliest gynecological cancer, results in poor overall survival, urgently requiring a novel therapeutic approach. As cumulative exposures to endotoxins decreased OC risk epidemiologically, we evaluated if...
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C3a Receptor Inhibition Protects Brain Endothelial Cells Against Oxygen-glucose Deprivation/Reperfusion

Ahmad S, Kindelin A, Khan SA, Ahmed M, Hoda MN, Bhatia K, Ducruet AF

The complement cascade is a central component of innate immunity which plays a critical role in brain inflammation. Complement C3a receptor (C3aR) is a key mediator of post-ischemic cerebral injury,...
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Evolutionary relationship analysis of Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus 4a and 4b protein coding sequences

Kim JI, Park S, Bae JY, Park MS

The 4a and 4b proteins of the Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus (MERS-CoV) have been described for their antagonism on host innate immunity. However, unlike clustering patterns of the complete...
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Blood transcriptome resources of chinstrap (Pygoscelis antarcticus) and gentoo (Pygoscelis papua) penguins from the South Shetland Islands, Antarctica

Kim BM, Jeong J, Jo E, Ahn DH, Kim JH, Rhee JS, Park H

The chinstrap (Pygoscelis antarcticus) and gentoo (P. papua) penguins are distributed throughout Antarctica and the sub-Antarctic islands. In this study, high-quality de novo assemblies of blood transcriptomes from these penguins...
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Predictive Role of Circulating Immune Cell Subtypes Early after Allogeneic Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation in Patients with Acute Leukemia

Kim TW, Park SS, Lim JY, Min GJ, Park S, Jeon YW, Yahng SA, Shin SH, Lee SE, Yoon JH, Cho BS, Eom KS, Lee S, Kim HJ, Min CK

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Cells of innate immunity normally recover in the first weeks to months after allogenenic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (allo-HSCT). Their relevance in terms of graft-versus-host disease (GVHD)...
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Effector Pathways of Toll-like Receptor-inducible Innate Immune Responses in Macrophages

Jo EK, Suh HW, Park JK

Toll-like receptors (TLR) are well-characterized pattern recognition receptors that can recognize and respond to diverse pathogen-associated or danger-associated molecular patterns during infection. TLR signaling in macrophages triggers in the intracellular...
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Natural Infection with Rabies Virus: A Histopathological and Immunohistochemical Study of Human Brains

Farahtaj F, Alizadeh L, Gholami A, Tahamtan A, Shirian S, Fazeli M, Nejad AS, Gorji A, Niknam HM, Ghaemi A

OBJECTIVES: Despite all the efforts and increased knowledge of rabies, the exact mechanisms of infection and mortality from the rabies virus are not well understood. To understand the mechanisms underlying...
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Aralia cordata Extract Activates NF-κB and MAPK Signaling Pathways and Induces Pro-inflammatory Changes in RAW264.7 Macrophages

Seo DW, Cho YI, Yi YJ, Lee SM

Macrophages play essential roles in innate immune responses by producing various immune mediators. Therefore, modulating macrophage function is an attractive strategy to treat immune disorders. Aralia cordata var. continentalis (AC),...
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Zika Virus Impairs Host NLRP3-mediated Inflammasome Activation in an NS3-dependent Manner

Gim E, Shim DW, Hwang I, Shin OS, Yu JW

Zika virus (ZIKV) is a mosquito-borne flavivirus associated with severe neurological disorders including Guillain-Barré syndrome and microcephaly. The host innate immune responses against ZIKV infection are essential for protection; however,...
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Viperin Differentially Induces Interferon-Stimulated Genes in Distinct Cell Types

Kim JJ, Kim KS, Eom J, Lee JB, Seo JY

Viperin is an IFN-stimulated gene (ISG)-encoded protein that was identified in human primary macrophages treated with IFN-γ and in human primary fibroblasts infected with cytomegalovirus (CMV). This protein plays multiple...
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The Interplay between Host Immunity and Respiratory Viral Infection in Asthma Exacerbation

Hossain FM, Choi JY, Uyangaa E, Park SO, Eo SK

Asthma is one of the most common and chronic diseases characterized by multidimensional immune responses along with poor prognosis and severity. The heterogeneous nature of asthma may be attributed to...
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Brain-Gut-Microbiota Axis in Alzheimer's Disease

Kowalski K, Mulak A

  • KMID: 2433497
  • J Neurogastroenterol Motil.
  • 2019 Jan;25(1):48-60.
  • doi: 10.5056/jnm18087
Disturbances along the brain-gut-microbiota axis may significantly contribute to the pathogenesis of neurodegenerative disorders. Alzheimer's disease (AD) is the most frequent cause of dementia characterized by a progressive decline in...
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Anti-influenza properties of herbal extract of Althaea rosea in mice

Kim MS, Chathuranga K, Kim H, Lee JS, Kim CJ

Althaea rosea has been used in traditional Chinese medicine to treat numerous diseases, but no studies have investigated its anti-influenza properties to date. In this study, we investigated the anti-influenza...
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Bitter Taste, Rising New Functions and Significance of Extra-oral Expressions

Ki SY, Kim KN

Taste is closely related to intake of food. Taste perception is also influenced by type of food ingested, and nutrition and health status. Bitter taste plays an important role in...
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Murine γδ T Cells Render B Cells Refractory to Commitment of IgA Isotype Switching

Han HJ, Jang YS, Seo GY, Park SG, Kang SG, Yoon SI, Ko HJ, Lee GS, Kim PH

γδ T cells are abundant in the gut mucosa and play an important role in adaptive immunity as well as innate immunity. Although γδ T cells are supposed to be...
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A Salmonella Typhi ghost induced by the E gene of phage φX174 stimulates dendritic cells and efficiently activates the adaptive immune response

Won G, Eo SK, Park SY, Hur J, Lee JH

Previously, we genetically engineered a Salmonella Typhi bacterial ghost (STG) as a novel inactivated vaccine candidate against typhoid fever. The underlying mechanism employed by the ghost in stimulating the adaptive...
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NLRC3 Attenuates Colon Cancer by Down-Regulating PI3K-mTOR Signaling

Ali I, Koh YS

The nucleotide-binding oligomerization domain-like receptors (NOD-like receptors, NLRs) are intracellular sensors. Most of them positively affect inflammatory responses, particularly the inflammasome forming NLRs. On the other hand, several studies on...
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A Single Intraperitoneal Injection of Endotoxin Changes Glial Cells in Rats as Revealed by Positron Emission Tomography Using [¹¹C]PK11195

Ota M, Ogura J, Ogawa S, Kato K, Matsuda H, Kunugi H

PURPOSE: Intracranial administration of lipopolysaccharide (LPS) is known to elicit a rapid innate immune response, activate glial cells in the brain, and induce depression-like behavior. However, no study has focused...
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