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Body fat distribution and insulin resistance among Korean middle-aged women: a Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey

Lee SM, Ryu KJ, Son S, Lee YJ, Park H, Kim T

Objective To evaluate menopause-related changes in body fat distribution and their relationship with insulin resistance in middleaged Korean women. Methods We analyzed women aged 40-60 years using data from the National Health and...
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Leg and arm adiposity is inversely associated with diastolic hypertension in young and middle-aged United States adults

Visaria A, Lo D, Maniar P, Dave B, Joshi P

Background: We sought to determine the association between appendicular adiposity and hypertension, with the purpose of better understanding the role of body fat distribution on blood pressure (BP). Methods: We included...
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The Leg Fat to Total Fat Ratio Is Associated with Lower Risks of Non-Alcoholic Fatty Liver Disease and Less Severe Hepatic Fibrosis: Results from Nationwide Surveys (KNHANES 2008–2011)

Kim HM, Lee Yh

Background: The prevalence of non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) has rapidly increased worldwide. The aim of this study was to investigate whether there is an independent relationship between regional fat...
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Clinical Significance of Body Fat Distribution in Coronary Artery Calcification Progression in Korean Population

Lee H, Park HE, Yoon JW, Choi SY

Background: Although obesity differs according to ethnicity, it is globally established as a solid risk factor for cardiovascular disease. However, it is not fully understood how obesity parameters affect the...
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Obesity parameters in relation to lung function levels in a large Chinese rural adult population

Zeng X, Liu D, An Z, Li H, Song J, Wu W

OBJECTIVES: The association between obesity parameters and lung function indicators in the general Chinese rural adult population remains unclear. METHODS: In total, 8,284 Chinese adults aged 20 years to 80 years...
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Body Fat Is Related to Sedentary Behavior and Light Physical Activity but Not to Moderate-Vigorous Physical Activity in Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus

An KH, Han KA, Sohn TS, Park IB, Kim HJ, Moon SD, Min KW

Background: Sedentary behavior (SB) has emerged as a new risk factor for cardiovascular accidents. We investigated whether physical activity levels or SB were related to percent body fat (%BF) in...
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The Effect of Nordic Walking Exercise on Physical Indicators and Subjective Happiness of the Middle-aged in Rural Area

Lee CM, Park YS

Purpose The purpose of this study was to identify the effect of regular Nordic walking exercise on the physical indicators and subjective happiness of middle-aged rural residents. Methods A pretest and posttest design...
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Perirenal and epicardial fat and their association with carotid intima-media thickness in children

López-Bermejo A, Prats-Puig A, Osiniri I, Martínez-Calcerrada JM, Bassols J

Recent data suggest that subclinical atherosclerosis is more related to visceral adipose tissue distribution than to overall fat mass. Both perirenal fat and epicardial fat are visceral fat depots surrounding...
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Lower Leg Fat Depots Are Associated with Albuminuria Independently of Obesity, Insulin Resistance, and Metabolic Syndrome (Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Surveys 2008 to 2011)

Han E, Cho NH, Kim MK, Kim HS

BACKGROUND: Although the involvement of obesity in metabolic disorders is well known, leg fat depot influences on albuminuria have not been determined. METHODS: This population-based, cross-sectional study used a nationally representative...
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A prospective study on changes in body composition and fat percentage during the first year of cancer treatment in children

Yang HR, Choi HS

BACKGROUNDS/OBJECTIVES: Cancer treatment may lead to significant body composition changes and affect growth and disease outcomes in pediatric cancer patients. This prospective study aimed to evaluate short- and long-term body...
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The Effect of Foeniculum Vulgare (Fennel) on Body Composition in Postmenopausal Women with Excess Weight: A Double-blind Randomized Placebo-controlled Trial

Saghafi N, Ghazanfarpour M, Khadivzadeh T, Babakhanian M, Afiat M

OBJECTIVES: The goal of this study was to evaluate the effect of fennel on body composition. METHODS: This study is a secondary analysis of a double-blind, randomized, placebo-controlled trial. Fifty-four out...
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Differential Effects of Obesity on Obstructive Sleep Apnea Syndrome according to Age

Lee YJ, Lee YJ, Jeong DU

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effect of obesity on obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (OSAS) by age in relation to anthropometric measurements. METHODS: The medical records of 1,110 participants diagnosed with OSAS were...
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Sex-dependent Depot Differences in Adipose Tissue Development and Function; Role of Sex Steroids

Lee MJ, Fried SK

Men and women are different in their fat mass and distribution pattern. The gynoid-type fat distribution, accumulation in lower-body, is considered to be protective while the android-type accumulation in upper-body,...
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Does Weight Gain Associated with Thiazolidinedione Use Negatively Affect Cardiometabolic Health?

Ko KD, Kim KK, Lee KR

Thiazolidinediones (TZDs) are oral anti-diabetic drugs that are peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gamma (PPARγ) agonists and act as insulin sensitizers. The clinical efficacy and durability of the currently available TZDs in...
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Relationship between Regional Body Fat Distribution and Diabetes Mellitus: 2008 to 2010 Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Surveys

Choi SI, Chung D, Lim JS, Lee MY, Shin JY, Chung CH, Huh JH

BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to investigate the association between regional body fat distribution, especially leg fat mass, and the prevalence of diabetes mellitus (DM) in adult populations. METHODS:...
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Association between Appendicular Fat Mass and Metabolic Risk Factors

Park SY, Kwon KY, Kim JH, Choi HH, Han KH, Han JH

BACKGROUND: Different regional fat depots have different effects on lipid and glucose metabolism. The purpose of this study is to examine the relationship between body fat distribution as measured by...
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The Properties of Maximal Oxygen Consumption in Middle-Aged Obese Men: The Relationships between Blood Variables and Physical Fitness and Regional Fat Compartments

Kim MK

  • KMID: 2271093
  • Korean J Obes.
  • 2014 Jun;23(2):116-124.
BACKGROUND: Cardiorespiratory fitness (VO2max) levels may predict mortality in men, little is known about the relationship between VO2max and regional fat compartments, as in abdominal fat or both upper- and...
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Experiences of Health Related Lifestyles in High Body Fat but Non-obese Female College Students in Korea

Kim J

Objectives The purpose of this study was to describe and understand the lifestyles of non-obese female college students with high body fat (HBF). Methods The interview data were collected from 18 female students...
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Clinical Relevance of Adipokines

Bluher M

The incidence of obesity has increased dramatically during recent decades. Obesity increases the risk for metabolic and cardiovascular diseases and may therefore contribute to premature death. With increasing fat mass,...
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Body Composition Changes in Korean Children and Adolescents

Lee YA, Lim JS

  • KMID: 2192882
  • J Korean Soc Pediatr Endocrinol.
  • 2010 Apr;15(1):7-13.
The term body composition describes the percentages of fat, bone, and muscle in the human body; it reflects the nutritional or growth status in children and adolescents. Further, its evaluation...
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