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Palliative Measures with Ethanol Gallbladder Ablation and Endobiliary Radiofrequency Ablation Followed by Endoscopic Biliary Stent Placement in an Advanced Case of Common Bile Duct Cancer: A Case Report

Lee YW, Kim HJ, Lee SY, Heo J, Jung MK

Endobiliary radiofrequency ablation (RFA) is a procedure performed widely to induce locoregional tumor control by the transfer of thermal energy to the lesion and subsequent tumor necrosis. A 72-year-old male...
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Duodenal Stricture due to Necrotizing Pancreatitis following Endoscopic Ultrasound-Guided Ethanol Ablation of a Pancreatic Cyst: A Case Report

Chun JW, Lee SH, Choi JH, Paik WH, Ryu JK, Kim YT

The frequency of incidental detection of pancreatic cystic lesions (PCLs) is increasing because of the frequent use of cross-sectional imaging. The appropriate treatment for PCLs is challenging, and endoscopic ultrasound-guided...
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Antimicrobial activity of Garcinia mangostana L. ethanol extract against Cutibacterium acnes and Staphylococcus aureus

Lim YK, Yoo SY, Park SN, Lee DS, Kook JK

The purpose of this study was to investigate the antimicrobial activity of the ethanol extract of Garcinia mangostana L. (mangosteen) against Cutibacterium acnes (6 strains) and Staphylococcus aureus (6 strains)....
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Dioscorea japonica Thunb. Ethanolic Extract Attenuated Oxazolone-Induced Atopic Dermatitis-like Skin Lesions in BALB/c Mice

Jegal J, Park NJ, Jo BG, Kim SN, Yang MH

The rhizomes of Dioscorea japonica Thunb. are widely consumed as food and also used to treat diabetes and polyuria in Korea. This study was undertaken to study the anti-atopic dermatitis...
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Physicochemical properties of dried Saururus chinensis and the antioxidative activities of water and 70% ethanol extracts

Kang MH, An SM, Kim DH

PURPOSE: This study was conducted to evaluate the physicochemical properties of different batches of Saururus chinensis using different roasting temperature that were dried at different using different roasting temperatures and...
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Efficacy and local irritation evaluation of Eriobotrya japonica leaf ethanol extract

Seong NW, Oh WJ, Kim IS, Kim SJ, Seo JE, Park CE, Kim DY, Ko JW, Kim JC

BACKGROUND: Although Eriobotrya japonica leaves have been studied as a raw material for various cosmetic products, little is known about the anti-oxidant, anti-inflammatory, and anti-melanogenic activities of Eriobotrya japonica leaf...
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Ethanol ablation as a treatment strategy for benign cystic thyroid nodules: a comparison of the ethanol retention and aspiration techniques

Park HS, Yim Y, Baek JH, Choi YJ, Shong YK, Lee JH

PURPOSE: We compared the efficacy and safety of two ethanol ablation techniques-ethanol aspiration and ethanol retention-for benign cystic thyroid nodules. METHODS: From October 2008 to September 2013, 113 patients who were...
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A Case of Corneal Chemical Injury by High-dose Ethanol during Orbital Wall Fracture Repair

Lee JY, Choi JY, Jeong J

PURPOSE: To report a case of chemical injury of the cornea caused by high-dose ethanol during orbital wall fracture repair. CASE SUMMARY: A 56-year-old male presented with pain after blowout fracture...
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Ethanol Ablation of the Thyroid Nodules: 2018 Consensus Statement by the Korean Society of Thyroid Radiology

Hahn SY, Shin JH, Na DG, Ha EJ, Ahn HS, Lim HK, Lee JH, Park JS, Kim JH, Sung JY, Lee JH, Baek JH, Yoon JH, Sim JS, Lee KH, Baek SM, Jung SL, Kim YK, Choi YJ, Korean Society of Radiology

Minimally invasive treatment of symptomatic thyroid nodules is now commonplace. Ethanol ablation (EA) of thyroid cystic nodules has been performed since the 1990s, but there is no global consensus or...
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Antioxidant activity of ethanol extract of Lycium barbarum's leaf with removal of chlorophyll

Kim JE, Bae SM, Nam YR, Bae EY, Ly SY

PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to estimate the antioxidant activities of 50%, 70%, and 100% ethanol extracts of Lycium barbarum leaf and chlorophyll removal extract. METHODS: The antioxidant activities...
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Discrepancies and Validation of Ethanol Level Determination with Osmolar Gap Formula in Patients with Suspected Acute Poisoning

Jung H, Lee MJ, Cho JW, Ahn JY, Kim C

PURPOSE: Osmolar gap (OG) has been used for decades to screen for toxic alcohol levels. However, its reliability may vary due to several reasons. We validated the estimated ethanol concentration...
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Antioxidant and antiobesity activities of oral treatment with ethanol extract from sprout of evening primrose (Oenothera laciniata) in high fat diet-induced obese mice

Kwak CS, Kim MJ, Kim SG, Park S, Kim IG, Kang HS

PURPOSE: Sprouts of evening primrose (Oenothera laciniata, OL) were reported to have high contents of flavonoids and potent antioxidant activity. This study examined the antioxidant and antiobesity activities of OL...
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Antimicrobial Effect of Ethanol Extract of Garcinia mangostana L. against Enterococcus faecalis Isolated from Human Oral Cavity

Park TY, Lim YK, Lee DS, Kook JK

Enterococcus faecalis is a major causative agent of endodontic treatment failure. The purpose of this study was to investigate bactericidal effects of ethanol extract of Garcinia mangostana L. (mangosteen extract)...
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Hypouricemic Effect of Ethanol Extract of Aster glehni Leaves in Potassium Oxonate-Induced Hyperuricemic Rats

Park JE, Yeom Z, Park KT, Han EH, Yu HJ, Kang HS, Lim YH

The prevalence of gout is increasing worldwide, and control of serum uric acid level has been regarded as one of the therapeutic methods for gout. Inhibition of xanthine oxidase (XO)...
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Ethanol extract of Allium fistulosum inhibits development of non-alcoholic fatty liver disease

Hwang JT, Shin EJ, Chung MY, Park JH, Chung S, Choi HK

BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is a leading cause of chronic liver disease and is closely associated with metabolic syndrome. In the present study, we observed the effect of...
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The Ethanol Extract of Croton Seed Inhibits the Oral Pathogen, Streptococcus mutans

Kim JH, Jung SS, Kang CH, You YO, Kim KJ

It is noted that Streptococcus mutans (S. mutans) triggers dental caries establishment by two major factors: the synthesis of organic acids, which demineralize dental enamel, and the synthesis of glucans,...
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Anti-coccidial activity of the ethanol extract of Tribulus terrestris fruits on Eimeria tenella

Hong S, Moon MN, Im EK, Won JS, Yoo JH, Kim O

Anti-coccidial effects of the fruits of Tribulus terrestris (Tribuli fructus) ethanol extract (TTE) were studied with animal experiment following per oral administration with Eimeria (E.) tenella. This experiment was performed...
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The Amelioration Effect of the Ethanolic Extract of Cnidium officinale in Mice with Imiquimod-induced Psoriasis-like Skin Lesion

Lee YJ, Hong IK, Kim H, Heo SI, Kwon DJ, Ahn WG, Kim YH, Seo EJ, Han SI, Cho HJ, Kim SY, Yang H

Psoriasis is an auto-immune skin disease, which is characterized by the excessive generation of plaques on the skin with typically a long-lasting red, itchy and scaly symptoms. Imiquimod, which has...
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Predictors of the Frequency of Ethanol Injections for Renal Cyst Ablation: A Preliminary Study

Kim YH, Cho BS

PURPOSE: To assess the factors facilitating the prediction of the frequency of ethanol injections in successful renal cyst ablation. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed the computed tomography and ultrasonography scans...
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Anti-neuroinflammatory effects of ethanolic extract of black chokeberry (Aronia melanocapa L.) in lipopolysaccharide-stimulated BV2 cells and ICR mice

Lee KP, Choi NH, Kim HS, Ahn S, Park IS, Lee DW

BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: One of the mechanisms considered to be prevalent in the development of Alzheimer's disease (AD) is hyper-stimulation of microglia. Black chokeberry (Aronia melanocapa L.) is widely used to treat...
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