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Palliative Measures with Ethanol Gallbladder Ablation and Endobiliary Radiofrequency Ablation Followed by Endoscopic Biliary Stent Placement in an Advanced Case of Common Bile Duct Cancer: A Case Report

Lee YW, Kim HJ, Lee SY, Heo J, Jung MK

Endobiliary radiofrequency ablation (RFA) is a procedure performed widely to induce locoregional tumor control by the transfer of thermal energy to the lesion and subsequent tumor necrosis. A 72-year-old male...
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Discrepancies and Validation of Ethanol Level Determination with Osmolar Gap Formula in Patients with Suspected Acute Poisoning

Jung H, Lee MJ, Cho JW, Ahn JY, Kim C

PURPOSE: Osmolar gap (OG) has been used for decades to screen for toxic alcohol levels. However, its reliability may vary due to several reasons. We validated the estimated ethanol concentration...
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Chronic oral administration of Passiflora incarnata extract has no abnormal effects on metabolic and behavioral parameters in mice, except to induce sleep

Kim GH, Yi SS

Although the number of prescriptions and dependence on sleeping pills are increasing, the associations with unexpected abnormal behaviors and metabolic diseases caused by the overuse of sleeping pills are not...
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Identification of Soluble Epoxide Hydrolase Inhibitors from the Seeds of Passiflora edulis Cultivated in Vietnam

Cuong TD, Thi Ngoc Anh H, Huong TT, Khanh PN, Ha VT, Hung TM, Kim YH, Cuong NM

Soluble epoxide hydrolases (sEH) are enzymes present in all living organisms, metabolize epoxy fatty acids to 1,2-diols. sEH in the metabolism of polyunsaturated fatty acids plays a key role in...
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The Activation of PPAR-α and Wnt/β-catenin by Luffa cylindrica Supercritical Carbon Dioxide Extract

Kim B

Luffa cylindrica (LC) is a very fast-growing climber and its fruit have been considered as agricultural wastes. We conducted to check the comparative qualities of ethanol solvent extraction (LCE) and...
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Appropriate treatment modality for solitary small hepatocellular carcinoma: Radiofrequency ablation vs. resection vs. transplantation?

Ahn KS, Kang KJ

There has been controversy regarding the first-line treatment modality for the patients who have small solitary hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC); radiofrequency ablation (RFA) or percutaneous ethanol injection (PEI), surgical hepatic resection...
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Antioxidant and antiobesity activities of oral treatment with ethanol extract from sprout of evening primrose (Oenothera laciniata) in high fat diet-induced obese mice

Kwak CS, Kim MJ, Kim SG, Park S, Kim IG, Kang HS

PURPOSE: Sprouts of evening primrose (Oenothera laciniata, OL) were reported to have high contents of flavonoids and potent antioxidant activity. This study examined the antioxidant and antiobesity activities of OL...
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Splenocyte-mediated immune enhancing activity of Sargassum horneri extracts

Kim DS, Sung NY, Han IJ, Lee BS, Park SY, Nho EY, Eom J, Kim G, Kim KA

PURPOSE: This study examined the immunological activity and optimized the mixture conditions of Sargassum horneri (S. horneri) extracts in vitro and in vivo models. METHODS: S. horneri was extracted using three...
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Tobacco Smoking and Alcohol Consumption Are Related to Benign Parotid Tumor: A Nested Case-Control Study Using a National Health Screening Cohort

Kim SY, Min C, Oh DJ, Choi HG

OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the relationship among smoking, alcohol consumption, and obesity and benign or malignant parotid tumors in a Korean population. METHODS: The Korean National Health Insurance Service-Health Screening Cohort (for...
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Endoscopic Ultrasound-based Approach in the Diagnosis and Treatment for Pancreatic Cystic Lesions

Choi JH, Lee SH

The accurate diagnosis of pancreatic cystic lesions (PCLs) is important because they determine the strategy of treatment or follow-up. Endoscopic ultrasound (EUS) has been widely used in diagnosis and treatment...
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Duodenal Stricture due to Necrotizing Pancreatitis following Endoscopic Ultrasound-Guided Ethanol Ablation of a Pancreatic Cyst: A Case Report

Chun JW, Lee SH, Choi JH, Paik WH, Ryu JK, Kim YT

The frequency of incidental detection of pancreatic cystic lesions (PCLs) is increasing because of the frequent use of cross-sectional imaging. The appropriate treatment for PCLs is challenging, and endoscopic ultrasound-guided...
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Antimicrobial activity of Garcinia mangostana L. ethanol extract against Cutibacterium acnes and Staphylococcus aureus

Lim YK, Yoo SY, Park SN, Lee DS, Kook JK

The purpose of this study was to investigate the antimicrobial activity of the ethanol extract of Garcinia mangostana L. (mangosteen) against Cutibacterium acnes (6 strains) and Staphylococcus aureus (6 strains)....
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Dioscorea japonica Thunb. Ethanolic Extract Attenuated Oxazolone-Induced Atopic Dermatitis-like Skin Lesions in BALB/c Mice

Jegal J, Park NJ, Jo BG, Kim SN, Yang MH

The rhizomes of Dioscorea japonica Thunb. are widely consumed as food and also used to treat diabetes and polyuria in Korea. This study was undertaken to study the anti-atopic dermatitis...
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Metabolomics approach to serum biomarker for laxative effects of red Liriope platyphylla in loperamide-induced constipation of SD rats

Kim JE, Lee YJ, Ryu SH, Park JW, Kang MJ, Choi HJ, Bae SJ, Choi Y, Kang HG, Kim KB, Kim S, Lim Y, Hwang DY

Red Liriope platyphylla (RLP) is a known herbal medicine used in the treatment of some chronic diseases including constipation, neurodegenerative disorders, diabetes and obesity. To determine and characterize putative biomarkers...
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The influence of nanofillers on the properties of ethanol-solvated and non-solvated dental adhesives

da Cruz LB, Oliveira M, Saraceni C, Lima AF

OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to evaluate the influence of different concentrations of nanofillers on the chemical and physical properties of ethanol-solvated and non-solvated dental adhesives. MATERIALS AND METHODS:...
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Physicochemical properties of dried Saururus chinensis and the antioxidative activities of water and 70% ethanol extracts

Kang MH, An SM, Kim DH

PURPOSE: This study was conducted to evaluate the physicochemical properties of different batches of Saururus chinensis using different roasting temperature that were dried at different using different roasting temperatures and...
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Protective effect of Cordyceps militaris against hydrogen peroxide-induced oxidative stress in vitro

He MT, Lee AY, Park CH, Cho EJ

BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Excessive production of reactive oxygen species (ROS) such as hydroxyl (·OH), nitric oxide (NO), and hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) is reported to induce oxidative stress. ROS generated by oxidative stress...
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Alcohol neurolysis of genicular nerve for chronic knee pain

Dass RM, Kim E, Kim HK, Lee JY, Lee HJ, Rhee SJ

Radiofrequency neurolysis (RFN) of the genicular nerves has recently become accepted as an effective technique to alleviate knee pain particularly in patients with knee osteoarthritis (OA) or postoperative pain. However,...
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The antinociceptive effect of artemisinin on the inflammatory pain and role of GABAergic and opioidergic systems

Dehkordi F, Kaboutari , Zendehdel , Javdani M

BACKGROUND: Pain is a complex mechanism which involves different systems, including the opioidergic and GABAergic systems. Due to the side effects of chemical analgesic agents, attention toward natural agents have...
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Efficacy and local irritation evaluation of Eriobotrya japonica leaf ethanol extract

Seong NW, Oh WJ, Kim IS, Kim SJ, Seo JE, Park CE, Kim DY, Ko JW, Kim JC

BACKGROUND: Although Eriobotrya japonica leaves have been studied as a raw material for various cosmetic products, little is known about the anti-oxidant, anti-inflammatory, and anti-melanogenic activities of Eriobotrya japonica leaf...
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