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Successful Treatment of Duodenal Variceal Bleeding with Coil-Assisted Retrograde Transvenous Obliteration: A Case Report

Park SJ, Kim YH, Kang UR, Ji SW

Duodenal varices can develop in patients with portal hypertension secondary to liver cirrhosis. Although upper gastrointestinal bleeding is often severe and fatal, the definite treatment or guideline has not been...
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Endoscopic Therapy and Radiologic Intervention of Acute Gastroesophageal Variceal Bleeding

Song JE, Kim BS

Acute gastroesophageal variceal hemorrhage is a dreaded complication in patients with liver cirrhosis. Endoscopic therapy and radiologic intervention for gastroesophageal bleeding have rapidly developed in the recent decades. Endoscopic treatment...
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Multicenter Retrospective Risk Assessment of Esophageal Variceal Bleeding in Patients with Cirrhosis: An Acoustic Radiation Force Impulse Elastography-Based Prediction Model

Heo JY, Kim BK, Park JY, Kim DY, Ahn SH, Tak WY, Kweon YO, Han KH, Park SY, Kim SU

BACKGROUND/AIMS: Acoustic radiation force impulse (ARFI) elastography predicts the presence of esophageal varices (EVs). We investigated whether an ARFI-based prediction model can assess EV bleeding (EVB) risk in patients with...
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Multiple Cerebral Infarction after Injection of N-Butyl-2-Cyanoacrylate for Gastric Variceal Bleeding

Park K, Lee SJ

Endoscopic obliteration with N-butyl-2-cyanoacrylate is the first-line treatment for gastric variceal bleeding. Although N-butyl-2-cyanoacrylate has higher success rate, there is some fatal complications such as systemic embolization. We report a...
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The Use of Vasoconstrictors in Acute Variceal Bleeding: How Long Is Enough?

Lo GH

Vasoconstrictors are often used as the first line therapy for acute esophageal variceal hemorrhage. They might also be used for a few days after endoscopic therapy to prevent early rebleeding....
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Balloon-Occluded Retrograde Transvenous Obliteration versus Transjugular Intrahepatic Portosystemic Shunt for the Management of Gastric Variceal Bleeding

Gimm G, Chang Y, Kim HC, Shin A, Cho EJ, Lee JH, Yu SJ, Yoon JH, Kim YJ

BACKGROUND/AIMS: Gastric varices (GVs) are a major cause of upper gastrointestinal bleeding in patients with liver cirrhosis. The current treatments of choice are balloon-occluded retrograde transvenous obliteration (BRTO) and the...
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Ascending Colon Variceal Bleeding in Cirrhotic Patient with Emergent Endoscopic Variceal Obturation with N-butyl-2-cyanoacrylate

Kim CL, Kim T, Lee WH, Seo JW, Park SH, Choi JH, Heo NY

Ectopic varices are rare among patients with portal hypertension, especially in the ascending colon. It is difficult to evaluate massive lower gastrointestinal bleeding in patients with liver cirrhosis by colonoscopy...
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Plug-Assisted Retrograde Transvenous Obliteration for the Treatment of Gastric Varices: The Role of Intra-Procedural Cone-Beam Computed Tomography

Gwon DI, Ko GY, Kwon YB, Yoon HK, Sung KB

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the technical and clinical outcomes of plug-assisted retrograde transvenous obliteration (PARTO) for the treatment of gastric varices (GV) and to evaluate the role of intra-procedural cone-beam computed...
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Useful Endoscopic Ultrasonography Parameters and a Predictive Model for the Recurrence of Esophageal Varices and Bleeding after Variceal Ligation

Jeong SW, Kim HS, Kim SG, Yoo JJ, Jang JY, Lee SH, Kim HS, Lee JS, Kim YS, Kim BS

BACKGROUND/AIMS: To identify the usefulness of endoscopic ultrasonography with a mini-probe (EUM) and to create a predictive model for esophageal variceal (EV) recurrence and bleeding following esophageal variceal ligation (EVL). METHODS:...
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Rectal ectopic variceal bleeding during liver transplantation: A case report

Kim YH, Lee YS, Yoon YS, Hong S, Kim WY, Kim JH, Park YC

Portal hypertension can lead to development of new veins, called collateral vessels in the esophagus, stomach, abdominal wall, rectum and so on. In particular, collateral vessels located in other site...
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Surgical Removal of Migrated Coil after Embolization of Jejunal Variceal Bleeding: A Case Report

Kim J, Lee D, Oh K, Lee M, So S, Yang DH, Kim CW, Gwon DI, Chung YH

Jejunal variceal bleeding is less common compared with esophagogastric varices in patients with portal hypertension. However, jejunal variceal bleeding can be fatal without treatment. Treatments include surgery, transjugular intrahepatic porto-systemic...
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Biliary Cystadenoma Causing Esophageal Varices

Kang SJ, Lee TH, Seok MG, Yun HJ, Jang YS, Byun JH

Biliary cystadenomas are benign but potentially malignant cystic neoplasm. The preferred treatment is radical resection because it is difficult to differentiate a benign from a malignant biliary cystadenoma. A 40...
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Transjugular intrahepatic portosystemic shunts versus balloon-occluded retrograde transvenous obliteration for the management of gastric varices: Treatment algorithm according to clinical manifestations

Kim SK, Sauk S, Guevara CJ

Transjugular intrahepatic portosystemic shunts (TIPS) are widely used in the management of bleeding gastric varices (GV). More recently, several studies have demonstrated balloon-occluded retrograde transvenous obliteration (BRTO) as an effective...
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Vascular Plug-Assisted Retrograde Transvenous Obliteration for the Management of Gastric Varices: Comparative Effectiveness between Gelatin Sponge Embolization and Permanent Sclerosant

Lee J, Jo J, Park JH, Jung GS, Park BH

PURPOSE: To evaluate the short-term outcome of plug-assisted retrograde transvenous obliteration (PARTO) using vascular plugs and gelatin sponges in comparison with balloon-occluded retrograde transvenous obliteration (BRTO) for the management of...
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Variceal Bleeding from Anastomosis Site after Total Gastrectomy with Esophagojejunostomy

Seo JW, Kim JH

No abstract available.
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Spinal, Cerebral and Cerebellar Embolism after Injection of N-Butyl-2-Cyanoacrylate in Esophageal Variceal Bleeding

Bang JH, Jang SJ, Jung YG, Choi JI, Park CK, Kim HD

We report a case of spinal, cerebral and cerebellar embolism that occurred following injection sclerotherapy with n-butyl-2-cyanoacrylate for variceal bleeding. The patient had been diagnosed with alcoholic liver cirrhosis and...
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High-resolution Manometry Findings in Patients After Sclerotherapy for Esophageal Varices

Herbella F, Colleoni R, Bot L, Vicentine , Patti MG

  • KMID: 2203575
  • J Neurogastroenterol Motil.
  • 2016 Apr;22(2):226-230.
  • doi: 10.5056/jnm15132
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Endoscopic therapy for esophageal varices may lead to esophageal dysmotility. High-resolution manometry is probably the more adequate tool to measure esophageal motility in these patients. This study aimed to...
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A Case of Portal Vein and Splenic Vein Occlusion after Endoscopic Variceal Occlusion Therapy in Gastric Variceal Bleeding

Kang EJ, Park SY, Lee YR, Kim CY, Ahn SY, Park JG, Lee HS, Tak WY, Kweon YO

Acute gastric variceal bleeding is one of the most serious complications in portal hypertension, and is associated with high mortality and morbidity. Endoscopic variceal obturation (EVO) using Histoacryl(R) (n-butyl-2-cyanoacrylate) has...
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A Case of Gastric Variceal Bleeding Controlled by Percutaneous Tranhepatic Glue Embolization

Hur CJ, Choi WY, Han EG, Jang BK, Hwang JS, Chung WJ

Gastric variceal bleeding has relatively low incidence rate compared to esophageal variceal bleeding. However, gastric variceal bleeding tends to lead to a massive bleeding and rebleeding which in turn leads...
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Idiopathic Splenic Vein Thrombosis Presenting as Splenic Infarction and Consequent Gastric Variceal Bleeding

Lee YB, Kim SM, Heo JS, Seok H, Shin IS, Eun YH, Kim DK

Left-sided portal hypertension and consequent gastric varices can occur in patients with isolated splenic vein thrombosis. It is a rare but clinically significant and curable cause of gastrointestinal hemorrhage. Our...
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