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Season and Temperature Effects on Bloodstream Infection Incidence in a Korean Tertiary Referral Hospital

Sohn YS, Byun JH, Kim YA, Shin DC, Lee K

BACKGROUND: The weather has well-documented effects on infectious disease and reports suggest that summer peaks in the incidences of gram-negative bacterial infections among hospitalized patients. We evaluated how season and...
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Whole-Genome Analysis of bla(CTX-M-55)-Carrying Escherichia coli Among Pigs, Farm Environment, and Farm Workers

Kim YA, Kim H, Choi MH, Seo YH, Lee H, Lee K

No abstract available.
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Culture-Positive Spontaneous Ascitic Infection in Patients with Acute Decompensated Cirrhosis: Multidrug-Resistant Pathogens and Antibiotic Strategies

Liu J, Gao Y, Wang X, Qian Z, Chen J, Huang Y, Meng Z, Lu X, Deng G, Liu F, Zhang Z, Li H, Zheng X

PURPOSE: This study investigated multidrug-resistant (MDR) pathogens and antibiotic strategies of culture-positive spontaneous ascitic infection (SAI) in patients with acute decompensated cirrhosis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed 432 acute decompensated...
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Patterns of antibiotics and pathogens for anastomotic leakage after colorectal cancer surgery

Yang G, Kim CW, Lee SH

PURPOSE: Anastomotic leakage (AL) is a type of intra-abdominal infection (IAI) which requires appropriate antibiotics with proper intervention. This study aimed to improve the appropriateness of antibiotic treatment by assessing...
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Evaluation of the Early Onset Neonatal Sepsis according to Two Antenatal Group B Streptococcus Screening Methods: Risk-Based versus Universal Screening

Hong JY, Kim SH, Kim SM, Yee CA, Choi SJ, Oh SY, Roh CR

OBJECTIVE: The standard antenatal screening method for Group B Streptococcus (GBS) has not been established yet. Therefore, many practitioners in South Korea offer GBS screening to all pregnant women without...
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Analysis of Integrons and Antimicrobial Resistances of Multidrug Resistant Escherichia coli Isolated in Korea

Yang YY, Suh MH

Antibacterial drugs are one of the most important therapeutic agents of bacterial infections but multidrug resistant Escherichia coli (MDREC) is an increasing problem worldwide. Major resistance mechanism of MDREC is...
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Host-Pathogen Interactions in Urinary Tract Infections

Ko YH, Choi JY, Song PH

Urinary tract infections (UTIs) are classified by the host condition. Uncomplicated infections are caused most commonly by uropathogenic Escherichia coli (UPEC) and affect otherwise healthy people, whereas complicated infections are...
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Antimicrobial Resistance in Bacterial Isolates Recovered from Nursing Hospitals between 2014 and 2017

Yun SH, Gwon B, Hong HL, Lim HS, Lee KR, Jang I, Yoon EJ, Jeong SH

BACKGROUND: Antimicrobial resistance (AMR) is an issue not only with regard to public health, but also in terms of economic impact. AMR surveillance has mainly been carried out in general...
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Antimicrobial Susceptibility of Microorganisms Isolated from Patients with Intraabdominal Infection in Korea: a Multicenter Study

Yoon YK, Kim J, Moon C, Lee MS, Hur J, Lee H, Kim SW

BACKGROUND: This study evaluated the antimicrobial susceptibility of pathogens isolated from Korean patients with intraabdominal infections (IAIs). METHODS: This multicenter study was conducted at 6 university-affiliated hospitals in Korea between 2016...
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Enhancement of antigen-specific humoral immune responses and protein solubility through conjugation of bacterial flagellin, Vibrio vulnificus FlaB, to the N-terminus of porcine epidemic diarrhea virus surface protein antigen S0

Oh SH, Kim Cho YS, Lee HB, Lee SM, Kim WS, Hong L, Cho CS, Choi YJ, Kang SK

Porcine epidemic diarrhea (PED) is a highly contagious enteric swine disease. The large economic impact of PED on the swine industry worldwide has made the development of an effective PED...
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Causative agents and epidemiology of diarrhea in Korean native calves

Lee SH, Kim HY, Choi EW, Kim D

Calf diarrhea caused by infectious agents is associated with economic losses in the cattle industry. The purpose of this study was to identify the causative agents and epidemiological characteristics of...
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Functional Characterization of Pharmcogenetic Variants of Human Cytochrome P450 2C9 in Korean Populations

Cho MA, Yoon JG, Kim V, Kim H, Lee R, Lee MG, Kim D

Human cytochrome P450 2C9 is a highly polymorphic enzyme that is required for drug and xenobiotic metabolism. Here, we studied eleven P450 2C9 genetic variants—including three novel variants F69S, L310V,...
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A Case of Infantile Fungal Urinary Tract Infection

Cho W, Jo YM, Oh YK, Rim JW, Lee WU, Choi K, Ko JH, Jeon YJ, Choi Y

Urinary tract infection is common in the pediatric population. The most common causative agents are bacteria, among which Escherichia coli is the most frequent uropathogen. Although fungal urinary tract infection...
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Bioactive Compound Produced by Endophytic Fungi Isolated From Pelargonium sidoides Against Selected Bacteria of Clinical Importance

Manganyi M, Tchatchouang CDK, Regnier T, Bezuidenhout CC, Ateba CN

Endophytic fungi have the ability to live inside the host plant tissues without causing neither symptoms of diseases/or harm. Opportunistic infections are accountable for majority of the outbreaks, thereby putting...
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Diversity of Genetic Environment of bla(CTX-M) Genes and Antimicrobial Susceptibility in Extended-spectrum β-lactamase producing Escherichia coli Isolated in Korea

Yang YY, Suh MH

Increasing resistance due to the production of extended-spectrum β-lactamase (ESBL) in Escherichia coli is a major problem to public health and CTX-M enzymes have become the most prevalent ESBL worldwide....
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Prevalence and molecular characteristics of 16s rRNA methylase gene rmtB in amikacin resistant Escherichia coli isolated from South Korea

The production of rmtB-encoded 16S rRNA methylases has emerged as a novel mechanism promoting high-level resistance toward aminoglycosides in Gram-negative bacteria. Between 2015 and 2017, 636 distinct commensal Escherichia (E.)...
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Increasing Antimicrobial Resistance of Escherichia coli Makes Antimicrobial Stewardship More Important

Choi JK, Yoo JH

No abstract available.
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Change in the Annual Antibiotic Susceptibility of Escherichia coli in Community-Onset Urinary Tract Infection between 2008 and 2017 in a Tertiary Care Hospital in Korea

Kim YJ, Lee JM, Cho J, Lee J

The susceptibility of Escherichia coli from community onset urinary tract infection (UTI) was evaluated by dividing community onset UTI into the simple community acquired-UTI (CA-UTI) and healthcare associated UTI (HCA-UTI)...
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Risk Factor Associated with Recurrence after OM-89 (Uro-Vaxom®) Treatment for Female Recurrent Cystitis

Han JY

PURPOSE: This study evaluated the risk factors associated with recurrence OM-89 (Uro-Vaxom®) treatment for female recurrent cystitis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The medical records of patients who received OM-89 for at least...
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Eight-week healing of grafted calvarial bone defects with hyperbaric oxygen therapy in rats

Oh SE, Hu KS, Kim S

PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the synergistic effect of adjunctive hyperbaric oxygen (HBO) therapy on new bone formation and angiogenesis after 8 weeks of healing. METHODS: Sprague-Dawley...
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