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Performance of MALDI Biotyper for Species Identification of Carbapenem-Resistant Enterobacteriaceae by Media Types and Incubation Time

Cho YE, Choi BH, Chang J, Sung H, Kim MN

BACKGROUND: This study was conducted to evaluate the impact of the media type used for direct identification of colonies on the surveillance culture of carbapenem-resistant Enterobacteriaceae (CRE) by matrix assisted...
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Biological and Genetic Characteristics of Clinically Isolated Enterobacter cloacae with Multidrug Resistance

Kim JJ, Koo SH

BACKGROUND: From January 2014 to December 2015, 69 clones of Enterobacter cloacae showing multidrug resistance to six classes of antimicrobial agents were collected from two medical centers in Korea. METHODS: Minimum...
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Surveillance Culture of Carbapenemase-Producing Enterobacteriaceae in a Tertiary-Care Hospital

Lee E, Lee Y

BACKGROUND: Carbapenem-resistant Enterobacteriaceae (CRE) are increasingly being reported throughout the world, which is a significant problem for patient treatment and infection control. Carbapenem-resistance in Enterobacteriaceae is mainly due to carbapenem-hydrolyzing...
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Detection of mcr-1 Plasmids in Enterobacteriaceae Isolates From Human Specimens: Comparison With Those in Escherichia coli Isolates From Livestock in Korea

Yoon EJ, Hong JS, Yang JW, Lee KJ, Lee H, Jeong SH

BACKGROUND: The emerging mobile colistin resistance gene, mcr-1, is an ongoing worldwide concern and an evaluation of clinical isolates harboring this gene is required in Korea. We investigated mcr-1-possessing Enterobacteriaceae...
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Tracheal Infection Resulting from High Endotracheal Tube Cuff Pressure in an Unconscious Patient with Brain Trauma

Lee JM, Park IS, Lee CH, Lee KH, Chun DH, Kim JY, Lee YS

Deep neck infections (DNIs) are mainly caused by dental caries, tonsillitis, and pharyngitis; however, DNIs can also occur after head and neck trauma. A 79-year-old male patient underwent a craniectomy...
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Analysis of Microorganisms and Antibiotics Susceptibility in Dacryocystitis

Lee CH, Lee TE, You IC, Cho NC, Ahn M

PURPOSE: This article analyzes the microorganisms and antibiotics susceptibility in dacryocystitis. METHODS: In this study, patients who were diagnosed with acute and chronic dacryocystitis with nasolacrimal duct obstruction were selected and...
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Evaluation of Six Phenotypic Methods for the Detection of Carbapenemases in Gram-Negative Bacteria With Characterized Resistance Mechanisms

Sun K, Xu X, Yan J, Zhang L

BACKGROUND: We compared the performance of the modified Hodge test (MHT), Triton Hodge test (THT), Carba NP test (CNPt), simplified Carba NP test (CNPt-direct), blue-Carba NP test (BCT), and carbapenem...
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Polymicrobial and Monomicrobial Infections after Spinal Surgery: A Retrospective Study to Determine which Infection is more Severe

Liu S, Qi Q, Chen Z, Liu N, Guo Z, Sun C, Li W, Zeng Y, Liu Z

STUDY DESIGN: A retrospective clinical review. PURPOSE: To investigate the difference in clinical manifestations and severity between polymicrobial and monomicrobial infections after spinal surgery. OVERVIEW OF LITERATURE: Surgical site infections (SSIs) after...
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Impact of Revised Broad-Spectrum Cephalosporin Clinical and Laboratory Standards Institute Breakpoints on Susceptibility in Enterobacteriaceae producing AmpC β-Lactamase

Park KH, Chong YP, Kim SH, Lee SO, Lee MS, Sung H, Kim MN, Kim YS, Woo JH, Choi SH

We evaluated the impact of revised Clinical and Laboratory Standards Institute (CLSI) breakpoints for broad-spectrum cephalosporins (BSCs) on the susceptibilities of 1,742 isolates of Enterobacter species, Serratia marcescens, Citrobacter freundii,...
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Anti-inflammatory and Anti-bacterial Effects of Aloe vera MAP against Multidrug-resistant Bacteria

Choi SH, Shin HS

Multidrug-resistant Acinetobacter baumannii and Pseudomonas aeruginosa are highly dangerous nosocomial pathogens, cause the symptoms of skin infections, pressure sores, sepsis, blood stream and wound infections. Unfortunately, these pathogens are immune...
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Probiotics in the Prevention and Treatment of Postmenopausal Vaginal Infections: Review Article

Kim JM, Park YJ

Bacterial vaginosis (BV) and complicated vulvovaginal candidiasis (VVC) are frequently occurring vaginal infections in postmenopausal women, caused by an imbalance in vaginal microflora. Postmenopausal women suffer from decreased ovarian hormones...
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Importance of indoor dust biological ultrafine particles in the pathogenesis of chronic inflammatory lung diseases

Yang J, Kim YK, Kang TS, Jee YK, Kim YY

The role of infectious agents in the etiology of inflammatory diseases once believed to be non-infectious is increasingly being recognized. Many bacterial components in the indoor dust can evoke inflammatory...
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Carbapenem-resistant Enterobacteriaceae: Prevalence and Risk Factors in a Single Community-Based Hospital in Korea

Lee HJ, Choi JK, Cho SY, Kim SH, Park SH, Choi SM, Lee DG, Choi JH, Yoo JH

BACKGROUND: Carbapenemase-producing Enterobacteriaceae (CPE) are Gram-negative bacteria with increasing prevalence of infection worldwide. In Korea, 25 cases of CPE isolates were reported by the Korea Centers for Disease Control and...
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Extended-spectrum ß-Lactamase-producing Enterobacteriaceae as a Common Cause of Urinary Tract Infections in Sri Lanka

Tillekeratne LG, Vidanagama D, Tippalagama R, Lewkebandara R, Joyce M, Nicholson , Nagahawatte A, Bodinayake CK, De Silva A, Woods CW

BACKGROUND: Extended-spectrum ß-lactamase-producing Enterobacteriaceae (ESBL-PE) are increasingly reported as pathogens in urinary tract infections (UTIs). However, in Sri Lanka, the clinical and molecular epidemiology of ESBL-PE implicated in UTIs has...
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Evaluation of Diagnostic Performance of RAPIDEC CARBA NP Test for Carbapenemase-Producing Enterobacteriaceae

Song W, Yoo G, Hwang GY, Uh Y

BACKGROUND: Extended-spectrum β-lactamase (ESBL)-producing Enterobacteriaceae are resistant to most β-lactam antibiotics except carbapenems. In recent years, infrequently isolated Enterobacteriaceae that produce carbapenemase pose a serious threat in the selection of...
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Detection of Carbapenemases in Clinical Enterobacteriaceae Isolates Using the VITEK AST-N202 Card

Bae IK, Kang HK, Jang IH, Lee W, Kim K, Kim JO, Jeong SH, Lee K

BACKGROUND: The rapid and accurate detection of carbapenemase-producing Enterobacteriaceae (CPE) in clinical microbiology laboratories is essential for the treatment and control of infections caused by these microorganisms. This study was...
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Four Cases of Carbapenem-Resistant Enterobacteriaceae Infection from January to March in 2014

Kim SR, Rim CB, Kim Y, Kim JW, Song YW, Shin SH, Yoon HJ, Shim S

Infection with carbapenem-resistant Enterobacteriaceae (CRE) and other multidrug resistant bacteria has increased rapidly in Korea. The Korea Centers for Disease Control and Prevention reported 1,609 cases of CRE infection in...
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Enterobacter cloacae Sacroiliitis with Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome in an Adolescent

Kim JS, Ko JH, Lee S, Jeon SC, Oh SH

Enterobacter cloacae has emerged as an important nosocomial pathogen, but is rarely a cause of sacroiliitis. Herein, we present the first reported case of Enterobacter cloacae sacroiliitis associated with sepsis...
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Further Modification of the Modified Hodge Test for Detecting Metallo-beta-Lactamase-Producing Carbapenem-Resistant Enterobacteriaceae

Kim HK, Park JS, Sung H, Kim MN

BACKGROUND: The modified Hodge test (MHT) was designed to detect carbapenemase-producing Enterobacteriaceae (CPE). This study evaluated variables to improve the performance of MHT. METHODS: Carbapenem-resistant Enterobacteriaceae isolated from November 2010 to...
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Gram-Negative Bacterial Keratitis: A 15-Year Review of Clinical Aspects

Cho EY, Lee SB

PURPOSE: In this study we investigated pathogenic organisms, antibiotic susceptibility, and clinical characteristics of patients with Gram-negative bacterial keratitis and elucidated risk factors for poor visual outcomes. METHODS: The authors performed...
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