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Traumatic Optic Neuropathy Aggravated by Orbital Emphysema after Orbital Fracture

Kim TY, Park J, Jeon H, Choi Hy

Purpose: To report a case of traumatic optic neuropathy aggravated by orbital emphysema after an orbital fracture. Case summary: A 19-year-old man with no specific medical history was referred for a...
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Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease Combined with Interstitial Lung Disease

Choi JY, Song JW, Rhee CK

Although chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) and interstitial lung disease (ILD) have distinct clinical features, both diseases may coexist in a patient because they share similar risk factors such as...
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Recent advances in airway imaging using micro-computed tomography and computed tomography for chronic obstructive pulmonary disease

Tanabe N, Hirai T

Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is a complex lung disease characterized by a combination of airway disease and emphysema. Emphysema is classified as centrilobular emphysema (CLE), paraseptal emphysema (PSE), or...
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Unilateral Giant Bullae: Pulmonary Placental Transmogrification Should Be Kept in Mind: Case Reports

M. Hamad AM, M. Nosseir M, M. Alorainy S

Placental transmogrification is a peculiar clinical entity of the lung of uncertain etiology. We report 2 cases of pulmonary placental transmogrification in 2 patients of different nationalities. Both of them...
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New Method for Combined Quantitative Assessment of Air-Trapping and Emphysema on Chest Computed Tomography in Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease: Comparison with Parametric Response Mapping

Hwang HJ, Seo JB, Lee SM, Kim N, Yi J, Lee JS, Lee SW, Oh YM, Lee SD

Objective: Emphysema and small-airway disease are the two major components of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). We propose a novel method of quantitative computed tomography (CT) emphysema air-trapping composite (EAtC)...
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Syncope and pneumomediastinum during the maxillary sinus elevation with an air-syringe: a case report

Kim SW, Lee J, Song JY

Pneumomediastinum is a very rare and potentially catastrophic complication of dental procedures. Its common causes are tooth extraction, endodontic treatment, and subgingival curettage using handpieces and high-pressure air/water syringes. We...
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Severe Maxillofacial Infection After Implant Crown Recementation: A Case Report

Kim SO, Park KS

Maxillofacial infections f rom odontogenic or non-odontogenic causes can extend to the fascial space, a potential space formed by the fascia. Although morbidity due to infection has been considerably reduced...
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Pulmonary Emphysema: Visual Interpretation and Quantitative Analysis

Kim J

Pulmonary emphysema is a cause of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. Emphysema can be accurately diagnosed via CT. The severity of emphysema can be assessed using visual interpretation or quantitative analysis....
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Clinical course of compressed air injury with pneumocephlaus and orbital emphysema: a case report

Na H, Kim YW, Lee S, Do HH, Seo JS, Lee JH, Lee SC

  • KMID: 2517708
  • J Korean Soc Emerg Med.
  • 2021 Jun;32(3):273-276.
Orbital emphysema with pneumocephalus is an unusual condition encountered in non-fracture craniofacial trauma. We report a case of orbital emphysema with disseminated pneumocephalus without any fracture, due to an orbital...
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Clinical impact of long-term change in air trapping on pulmonary function and computed tomography parameters in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease

Lim JU, Lee JS, Lee JH, Lee SD, Oh YM, Rhee CK, for the Korean Obstructive Lung Disease (KOLD) Study Group

Background/Aims: Air trapping is associated with unfavorable outcomes in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). The present study evaluated the association between longitudinal changes in air trapping with pulmonary function, computed...
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Cervical Pneumatocele as Delayed Manifestation of Tracheal Injury after Thyroidectomy: Case Series and Literature Review

Leong JE, Kok WL, Tan YL, Singh Mann B, Mahamad S

Delayed manifestation of surgical emphysema as cervical pneumatocele post thyroid surgery is rare and unexpected that which needs to be managed appropriately. Herein we report three cases of delayed tracheal...
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The Role of Granzyme B Containing Cells in the Progression of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease

Kim WD, Chi HS, Choe KH, Kim WS, Hogg JC, Sin DD

Background: Lung inflammation plays a vital role in the pathogenesis of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), but the characteristics of the inflammatory process remain unclear. There is growing interest in...
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Orbital Emphysema and Pneumocephalus Caused by Compressed Air Injury

Kim R

Purpose: To report a case of orbital emphysema and pneumocephalus after exposure to compressed air. Case summary: A 49-year-old male visited our medical center after his left eye was damaged by...
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LJ-2698, an Adenosine A3 Receptor Antagonist, Alleviates Elastase-Induced Pulmonary Emphysema in Mice

Boo HJ, Park SJ, Noh M, Min HY, Jeong LS, Lee HY

Emphysema, a major component of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), is a leading cause of human death worldwide. The progressive deterioration of lung function that occurs in the disease is...
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A Case of Neonatal Pneumomediastinum with Subcutaneous Emphysema Suspected to Be Caused by Pharyngoesophageal Injury

Lee SH, Kim JK

Iatrogenic esophageal perforation is a rare condition in children, but occasionally occurs in premature infants due to repeated intubation or nasogastric tube insertion. Esophageal perforation is common in pneumothorax and...
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Life-threatening tension pneumothorax after unsuccessful tracheostomy tube exchange in a trauma patient - A case report -

Kwon MA, Cho C, Park JH

Background: Tracheostomy tube exchange is a common and safe procedure. However, when the tracheocutaneous tract is not completely mature, cannula exchange or endotracheal tube insertion via the tracheostomy site can...
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Pneumomediastinum and Subcutaneous Emphysema after Use of a High-Speed Dental Handpiece

Park YK, Choi CW, Shin HK

Subcutaneous facial emphysema after dental treatment is an uncommon complication caused by dental procedures. However, in severe cases, it can spread to the neck, mediastinum, and thorax, resulting in pneumomediastinum...
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Structural and Functional Features on Quantitative Chest Computed Tomography in the Korean Asian versus the White American Healthy Non-Smokers

Cho HB, Chae KJ, Jin GY, Choi J, Lin CL, Hoffman EA, Wenzel SE, Castro M, Fain SB, Jarjour NN, Schiebler , Barr RG, Hansel N, Cooper CB, Kleerup EC, Han MK, Woodruff P, Kanner RE, Bleecker E, Peters SP, Moore WC, Lee CH, Choi S, the National Heart, Lung and Blood Institute's SubPopulations and InteRmediate Outcome Measures In COPD Study (SPIROMICS) and Severe Asthma Research Program (SARP)

OBJECTIVE: Considering the different prevalence rates of diseases such as asthma and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease in Asians relative to other races, Koreans may have unique airway structure and lung...
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Clinical Utility of Quantitative CT Analysis for Fissure Completeness in Bronchoscopic Lung Volume Reduction: Comparison between CT and Chartisâ„¢

Lee SW, Shin SY, Park TS, Choi YY, Park JC, Park J, Oh SY, Kim N, Lee SH, Lee JS, Seo JB, Oh YM, Lee SD, Lee SM

OBJECTIVE: The absence of collateral ventilation (CV) is crucial for effective bronchoscopic lung volume reduction (BLVR) with an endobronchial valve. Here, we assessed whether CT can predict the Chartisâ„¢ results. MATERIALS...
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Traumatic subcutaneous emphysema after liposuction

Kim KT, Sun H, Chung EH

Traumatic subcutaneous emphysema, which is the infiltration of air into subcutaneous tissues due to trauma, is caused by various factors such as chest and/or abdominal trauma, facial fractures, and barotrauma...
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