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Therapeutic Effect of a Novel Chimeric Molecule Targeting Both Somatostatin and Dopamine Receptors on Growth Hormone-Secreting Pituitary Adenomas

Kim J, Oh JH, Harlem H, Culler MD, Ku CR, Lee EJ

BACKGROUND: Acromegaly is a rare disease primarily caused by growth hormone (GH)-secreting pituitary adenomas, and its treatment is costly. Moreover, some patients are unresponsive to treatment. Hence, there are increasing...
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Chromosomal Deletion in 7q31.2-31.32 Involving Ca2⁺-Dependent Activator Protein for Secretion Gene in a Patient with Cerebellar Ataxia: a Case Report

Hong S, Lee SJ, Cho SR

We present a 33-year-old male patient with cerebellar ataxia. He was first considered to have a psychiatric conversion disorder but finally found to have chromosomal deletion in 7q31.2-31.32 involving Ca2⁺-dependent...
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Updates on the Diagnosis and Treatment of Restless Legs Syndrome

Kang SG

Restless legs syndrome (RLS) is a neurological sleep disorder characterized by an urge to move the legs or arms and is associated with discomfort and paresthesia in the legs. RLS...
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Intrafamilial variability and clinical heterogeneity in a family with PLA2G6-associated neurodegeneration

Park JK, Youn J, Cho JW

Phospholipase A2 group VI (PLA2G6)-associated neurodegeneration (PLAN) is an autosomal recessive neurodegenerative disease with a wide clinical spectrum; however, the genotype-phenotype correlation is unknown. Here, we report different phenotypes in...
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The Impact of Impulsivity on Quality of Life in Early Drug-Naïve Parkinson's Disease Patients

Ryu DW, Kim JS, Yoo SW, Oh YS, Lee KS

OBJECTIVE: Impulse control disorders (ICDs) in Parkinson's disease (PD) are mostly related to dopamine replacement therapy (DRT); however, drug-naïve PD patients have also frequently experienced impulsivity. This phenomenon makes clinicians...
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Methylphenidate and Central Precocious Puberty: A Probable Side Effect among Seven Children with the Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder

Ergür AT, Gül H, Gül A

Methylphenidate (MPH) is the most preferred drug for treatment of the attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). Here, we aimed to discuss the possible effects and mechanisms of MPH on precocious...
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Long-term Effects of Aripiprazole Treatment during Adolescence on Cognitive Function and Dopamine D2 Receptor Expression in Neurodevelopmentally Normal Rats

Choi HJ, Im SJ, Park HR, Park S, Kim CE, Ryu S

OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to investigate the long-term effects of aripiprazole treatment during adolescence on behavior, cognitive function, and dopamine D2 receptor (D2R) expression in adult rats. METHODS: Adolescent male Sprague-Dawley...
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Limonene Inhibits Methamphetamine-Induced Sensitizations via the Regulation of Dopamine Receptor Supersensitivity

Gu SM, Kim SY, Lamichhane S, Hong JT, Yun J

Limonene is a cyclic terpene found in citrus essential oils and inhibits methamphetamine-induced locomotor activity. Drug dependence is a severe neuropsychiatric condition that depends in part on changes in neurotransmission...
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Restless Legs Syndrome in Parkinson's Disease Patients: Clinical Features Including Motor and Nonmotor Symptoms

You S, Jeon SM, Do SY, Cho YW

BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: We investigated the frequency and clinical features of restless legs syndrome (RLS) in patients with Parkinson's disease (PD). METHODS: This study included 74 PD patients. RLS was diagnosed...
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Early-Life Stress in D2 Heterozygous Mice Promotes Autistic-like Behaviors through the Downregulation of the BDNF-TrkB Pathway in the Dorsal Striatum

Lee Y, Han PL

A number of specific genetic variants including gene mutations and single nucleotide variations have been identified in genomewide association studies of autism spectrum disorder (ASD). ASD phenotypes in individuals carrying...
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Reduced Uptake on Dopamine Transporter Imaging by Methylphenidate

Ha J, Ko J, Song JT, Hong JY

No abstract available.
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Effect of Delayed Elevation of Thyrotropin on Feeding Intolerance in Very Low Birth Weight Infants

Hyun JK, Choi SY, Jung YJ, Lee JH

PURPOSE: We investigated the effect of delayed elevation of thyrotropin (TSH) (deTSH) on gastrointestinal motility in very low birth weight infants (VLBWI). METHODS: This study retrospectively investigated 228 premature VLBWI aged...
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Heterogeneous Patterns of Striatal Dopamine Loss in Patients with Young- versus Old-Onset Parkinson's Disease: Impact on Clinical Features

Chung SJ, Yoo HS, Lee YH, Lee PH, Sohn YH

OBJECTIVE: Ample evidence has suggested that age at onset of Parkinson's disease (PD) is associated with heterogeneous clinical features in individuals. We hypothesized that this may be attributed to different...
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Nonmotor and Dopamine Transporter Change in REM Sleep Behavior Disorder by Olfactory Impairment

Lee JY, Yoon EJ, Kim YK, Shin CW, Nam H, Jeong JM, Kim HJ, Jeon B

OBJECTIVE: It is unclear whether the decline in dopamine transporters (DAT) differs among idiopathic rapid eye movement sleep behavior disorder (iRBD) patients with different levels of olfactory impairment. This study...
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A New Metabolic Network Correlated with Olfactory and Executive Dysfunctions in Idiopathic Rapid Eye Movement Sleep Behavior Disorder

Yoon EJ, Lee JY, Nam H, Kim HJ, Jeon B, Jeong JM, Kim YK

BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: To identify a metabolic network reflecting neurodegeneration in patients with idiopathic rapid eye movement (REM) sleep behavior disorder (iRBD). METHODS: We recruited a prospective cohort comprising patients with...
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Delayed Treatment of Capsaicin Produces Partial Motor Recovery by Enhancing Dopamine Function in MPP⁺-lesioned Rats via Ciliary Neurotrophic Factor

Kim KI, Baek JY, Jeong JY, Nam JH, Park ES, Bok E, Shin WH, Chung YC, Jin BK

Transient receptor potential vanilloid subtype 1 (TRPV1) on astrocytes prevents ongoing degeneration of nigrostriatal dopamine (DA) neurons in MPP⁺-lesioned rats via ciliary neurotrophic factor (CNTF). The present study determined whether...
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Gallbladder Paraganglioma Associated with SDHD Mutation: a Potential Pitfall on ¹⁸F-FDOPA PET Imaging

Sater ZA, Jha A, Mandl A, Mangelen S, Carrasquillo JA, Ling A, Gonzales M, Lopes Abath Neto O, Miettinen , Adams KT, Nockel P, El Lakis M, Pacak K

A 36-year-old male patient initially presented with hypertension, tinnitus, bilateral carotid masses, a right jugular foramen, and a periaortic arch mass with an elevated plasma dopamine level but an otherwise...
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Effects of Amisulpride Adjunctive Therapy on Working Memory and Brain Metabolism in the Frontal Cortex of Patients with Schizophrenia: A Preliminary Positron Emission Tomography/Computerized Tomography Investigation

Park JH, Hong JS, Kim SM, Min KJ, Chung US, Han DH

OBJECTIVE: Dopamine plays a significant role in working memory by acting as a key neuromodulator between brain networks. Additionally, treatment of patients with schizophrenia using amisulpride, a pure dopamine class...
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Understanding the Mechanism of Action and Clinical Implications of Anti-Obesity Drugs Recently Approved in Korea

Kim KK

The Korean Ministry of Food and Drug Safety has approved three anti-obesity drugs for long-term management in the past decade. In addition, since 2019, bariatric surgery has been financially supported...
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Gender Differences in the Clinical Manifestation of Depression and Related Neurotransmitters

Yoon S, Chang SM

Depression is almost twice as prevalent in women than men. Atypical symptoms, somatic complaints, and comorbid anxiety disorders are more common in women, whereas suicide and comorbid substance use disorders...
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