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Does bisphenol-A affect alteration of gut microbiome after bariatric/metabolic surgery?: a comparative metagenomic analysis in a long-term high-fat diet induced-obesity rat model

Son SY, Wang B, Hur H, Kim HH, Han SU

Purpose: Bisphenol A (BPA) is a widely used environmental contaminant that is associated with type 2 diabetes mellitus and a shift of gut microbial community. However, little is known about...
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Sodium Glucose Cotransporter-2 Inhibitors as an Add-on Therapy to Metformin Plus Dipeptidyl Peptidase-4 Inhibitor in Patients with Type 2 Diabetes

Bae J, Kim Ye, Lee M, Lee Yh, Lee BW, Cha BS, Kang ES

Purpose: To date, no study has compared the effects of adding sodium glucose cotransporter-2 (SGLT-2) inhibitors to the combination of metformin plus dipeptidyl peptidase-4 (DPP-4) inhibitors to the effects of...
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Comparison of Initial Presentation of Pediatric Diabetes Before and During the Coronavirus Disease 2019 Pandemic Era

Lee Y, Kim M, Oh K, Kang E, Rhie YJ, Lee J, Hong YH, Shin YL, Kim JH

Background: Hospital visitation has become challenging during the coronavirus disease 2019 pandemic because of quarantine measures and fear of infection. Consequently, newly diagnosed patients may present with more severe diseases...
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Diabetes Fact Sheet in Korea 2021

Bae JH, Han KD, Ko SH, Yang YS, Choi JH, Choi KM, Kwon HS, Won KC, on Behalf of the Committee of Media-Public Relation of the Korean Diabetes Association

Background: This study aimed to investigate the prevalence and management of diabetes mellitus, risk-factor control, and comorbidities among Korean adults. Methods: We conducted a cross-sectional analysis of data from the Korea...
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Comprehensive Understanding for Application in Korean Patients with Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus of the Consensus Statement on Carbohydrate-Restricted Diets by Korean Diabetes Association, Korean Society for the Study of Obesity, and Korean Society of Hypertension

Choi JH, Kang JH, Chon S

The Joint Committee of the Korean Diabetes Association, the Korean Society for the Study of Obesity, and the Korean Society of Hypertension announced a consensus statement on carbohydrate-restricted diets and...
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Effect of Carbohydrate-Restricted Diets and Intermittent Fasting on Obesity, Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus, and Hypertension Management: Consensus Statement of the Korean Society for the Study of Obesity, Korean Diabetes Association, and Korean Society of Hypertension

Choi JH, Cho YJ, Kim HJ, Ko SH, Chon S, Kang JH, Kim KK, Kim EM, Kim HJ, Song KH, Nam GE, Kim KI, Committee of Clinical Practice Guidelines, Korean Society for the Study of Obesity (KSSO), Committee of Clinical Practice Guidelines and Committee of Food and Nutrition, Korean Diabetes Association (KDA), Policy Committee of Korean Society of Hypertension (KSH), Policy Development Committee of National Academy of Medicine of Korea (NAMOK)

Carbohydrate-restricted diets and intermittent fasting (IF) have been rapidly gaining interest among the general population and patients with cardiometabolic disease, such as overweight or obesity, diabetes, and hypertension. However, there...
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Health-related Quality of Life Instrument With 8 Items for Use in Patients With Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus: A Validation Study in Korea

Kim J, Lee HJ, Jo MW

Objectives: This study assessed the validity and reliability of the Health-related Quality of Life Instrument with 8 Items (HINT-8) in patients with diabetes. HINT-8 is a newly-developed, generic health-related quality...
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Identification of Key Genes and Pathways in Peripheral Blood Mononuclear Cells of Type 1 Diabetes Mellitus by Integrated Bioinformatics Analysis

Li X, Liao M, Guan J, Zhou L, Shen R, Long M, Shao J

Background: The onset and progression of type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM) is closely related to autoimmunity. Effective monitoring of the immune system and developing targeted therapies are frontier fields in...
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Normalized Creatinine-to-Cystatin C Ratio and Risk of Diabetes in Middle-Aged and Older Adults: The China Health and Retirement Longitudinal Study

Qiu S, Cai X, Xie B, Yuan Y, Sun Z, Wu T

Background: Creatinine-to-cystatin C ratio is recently suggested to be a surrogate marker for sarcopenia. However, little is known about its association with diabetes. This study aimed to fill in this...
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Current Status of Low-Density Lipoprotein Cholesterol Target Achievement in Patients with Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus in Korea Compared with Recent Guidelines

Yun SJ, Jeong IK, Cha JH, Lee J, Cho HC, Choi SH, Chun S, Jeon HJ, Kang HC, Kim SS, Ko SH, Koh G, Kwon SK, Lee JH, Moon MK, Noh J, Park CY, Kim S

Background: We evaluated the achievement of low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C) targets in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) according to up-to-date Korean Diabetes Association (KDA), European Society of Cardiology...
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Long-term effect of the eradication of Helicobacter pylori on the hemoglobin A1c in type 2 diabetes or prediabetes patients

Kim WS, Choi Y, Kim N, Lim SH, Noh G, Kim KW, Park J, Jo H, Yoon H, Shin CM, Park YS, Lee DH

Background/Aims: The long-term effect of Helicobacter pylori eradication on the metabolic syndrome or diabetes are unclear. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of H. pylori eradication...
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Sex Differences of Visceral Fat Area and Visceral-to-Subcutaneous Fat Ratio for the Risk of Incident Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus

Kim EH, Kim HK, Lee MJ, Bae SJ, Choe J, Jung CH, Kim CH, Park JY, Lee WJ

Background: This study aimed to determine the optimal cut-off values of visceral fat area (VFA) and visceral-to-subcutaneous fat ratio (VSR) for predicting incident type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). Methods: A total...
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Comparison of Prevailing Insulin Regimens at Different Time Periods in Hospitalized Patients: A Real-World Experience from a Tertiary Hospital

Moon SJ, Choe HJ, Kwak SH, Jung HS, Park KS, Cho YM

Background: Prevailing insulin regimens for glycemic control in hospitalized patients have changed over time. We aimed to determine whether the current basal-bolus insulin (BBI) regimen is superior to the previous...
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Suicide Risk in Patients With Diabetes Varies by the Duration of Diabetes: The Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (2019)

Kim YC, Um YH, Kim SM, Kim TW, Seo HJ, Hong SC, Jeong JH

Objective The objectives of this study were to investigate the suicide risk in diabetes patients and evaluate the variations in suicide risk by the duration of diabetes using a large...
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Cumulative Exposure to High γ-Glutamyl Transferase Level and Risk of Diabetes: A Nationwide Population-Based Study

Park JY, Han K, Kim HS, Cho JH, Yoon KH, Kim MK, Lee SH

Background: Elevated γ-glutamyl transferase (γ-GTP) level is associated with metabolic syndrome, impaired glucose tolerance, and insulin resistance, which are risk factors for type 2 diabetes. We aimed to investigate the...
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Effects of Korean Food-based Dietary Inflammatory Index Potential on the incidence of diabetes and HbA1c level in Korean adults aged 40 years and older

Yoon HS, Shon J, Park YJ

Purpose: The present study examined the associations of Korean Food-based Index of Dietary Inflammatory Potential (FBDI) scores with the prevalence of diabetes and hemoglobin A1c (HbA1c) level of diabetes patients...
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Fetal Interventricular Septum Volume Evaluated by Three-Dimensional Ultrasound Using Spatiotemporal Image Correlation and Virtual Organ Computer-Aided Analysis in Fetuses From Pre-Gestational Diabetes Mellitus Pregnant Women

Bravo-Valenzuela NJ, Peixoto AB, Mattar R, Júnior EA

BACKGROUND: To assess the interventricular septum (IVS) volume of fetuses from pregestational diabetes mellitus (DM) pregnant women by 3-dimensional ultrasound using spatiotemporal image correlation (STIC) and virtual organ computer-aided analysis...
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Chemopreventive Effect of Metformin on Gastric Cancer Development

Cheung KS, Chung KL, Leung WK

Although Helicobacter pylori infection is the most important causative factor for gastric cancer (GC), H. pylori eradication alone does not completely eliminate the GC risk. In addition to H. pylori...
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Effect of Motivational Interviewing Training on Diabetes Educators’ Counseling Skills and Self-Efficacy

Lim SC

The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of motivational interviewing (MI) training on diabetes educators’ counseling skills and self-efficacy. Diabetes educators were randomly allocated to the MI...
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Individualized Medical Nutrition Therapy for Diabetic Patients according to Diabetes Medication

Park J

Medical nutrition therapy (MNT) plays an important role in diabetes management. For effective MNT, not only an individualized meal plan considering daily eating habits and preferences, but also overall management...
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