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Communication at the End of Life

Onishi H

End-of-life patients experience physical, mental, social, and existential distress. While medical personnel provide medication and care to alleviate patients’ distress, listening to and interacting with patients remains essential for understanding...
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Delirium in Frail Older Adults

Kwak MJ

Delirium and frailty are prevalent geriatric syndromes and important public health issues among older adults. The prevalence of delirium among hospitalized older adults ranges from 15% to 75%, while that...
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Acute Confusion as an Initial Presentation of SARS-CoV-2 Infection

Butt I, Ochoa-Ferraro A, Dawson C, Madathil S, Gautam N, Sawlani V, Geberhiwot T

Background and Purpose: The respiratory manifestations of severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) infection have been extensively documented. There is emerging evidence that coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) has number...
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Mortality Rates during Hospitalization and Affecting Factors in Geriatric Delirium Patients: a Retrospective Cohort Study

Özdin S, Bolat R

Background and Purpose: The purpose of this study was to investigate the prevalence of mortality during hospitalization among patients diagnosed with delirium at geriatric consultations requested in the previous one...
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The Effect of Patient-controlled Intravenous Analgesia (PCIA) on Postoperative Delirium in Patients with Liver Transplantation: a Propensity Score Matching Analysis

Son HJ, Jeong U, Choi K, Park JY, Choi EJ, Ri HS, Lee TB, Choi BH, Choi YJ

Objectives: Postoperative opioid use and pain are related to postoperative delirium. This study aims to compare the incidence of delirium in patients with and without patient-controlled intravenous analgesia (PCIA) among...
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Delirium-Related Knowledge, Caregiving Performance, Stress Levels, and Mental Health of Family Caregivers of Terminal Cancer Patients with Delirium in a Hospice Care Unit

Jung MH, Park MH, Kim SJ, Ra JR

Purpose: The purpose of this study was to examine the knowledge, caregiving performance, stress levels, and mental health of family caregivers of terminal cancer patients with delirium, insofar as these...
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A Systematic Review of Non-pharmacological Interventions for Delirium Prevention in Elderly Inpatients

You SB, Lee JH

Purpose: The study was aimed to examine components and provider’s characteristics of non-pharmacological intervention that affect delirium prevention in elderly inpatients. Additional effects on delirium prevention based on identified characteristics...
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Evolution of COVID-19 management in critical care: review and perspective from a hospital in the United Kingdom

Jha AK, Kulkarni SG

The unexpected emergence and spread of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) has been pandemic, with long-lasting effects, and unfortunately, it does not seem to have ended. Integrating advanced planning, strong teamwork,...
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Postoperative neurocognitive disorders

Tasbihgou SR, Absalom AR

A decline in cognitive function is a frequent complication of major surgery. Postoperative cognitive impairments have generally been divided into short- (postoperative delirium) and long-term disturbances (postoperative cognitive dysfunction...
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Pharmacological strategies to prevent postoperative delirium: a systematic review and network meta-analysis

Lee JM, Cho YJ, Ahn EJ, Choi GJ, Kang H

Background: Postoperative delirium (POD) is a condition of cerebral dysfunction and a common complication after surgery. This study aimed to compare and determine the relative efficacy of pharmacological interventions for...
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Perioperative brain health: strategies to prevent perioperative neurocognitive disorders

Hong JM

Cognitive changes in patients after anesthesia and surgery have been recognized for over 100 years. Research on postoperative cognitive changes accelerated in the 1980s and the term postoperative cognitive dysfunction...
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The Reliability and Validity of the Korean Version of the Cornell Assessment of Pediatric Delirium

Nam SY, Park KY, Choi SJ

Purpose: This study was to examine the reliability and validity of the Korean version of the Cornell Assessment of Pediatric Delirium (CAPD). Methods: For testing the reliability of the Korean...
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Factors Related to Motor Subtypes of Delirium Patients in a Surgical Intensive Care Unit

Park SH, Kim HJ, Choi HY, You JE, Park JE, Kim EJ, Lim SJ

Purpose: The purpose of this study was to investigate the motor subtypes of delirium in patients in a Surgical Intensive Care Unit (SICU), and identify the factors related to the...
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Risk factors for postoperative delirium in elderly patients after spinal fusion surgery

Choi S, Jung I, Yoo B, Lee S, Kim MC

Background: Postoperative delirium (POD) has an incidence rate of 9% to 41%. It is directly linked to decreasing cognitive function, increasing length of hospitalization and cost, as well as other...
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The Incidence and Impact of Abdominal Surgery on Delirium in Abdominal Trauma Patients

Roh HS, Park YC, Jo YG, Kim JC

Purpose: The occurrence of trauma-related delirium following postoperative abdominal surgery is associated with a poor prognosis. The purpose of this study was to identify predictive risk factors for trauma-related delirium. Methods:...
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Efficacy and Safety of Antipsychotics for Delirium Treatment in Cancer Patients Receiving Palliative Care

Oh S, Geum MJ, Kim JS, Son ES, Yu YM

Background: Delirium is a neuropsychiatric disorder characterized by sudden impairments in consciousness, attention, and perception. The evidence of successful pharmacological interventions for delirium is limited, and medication recommendations for managing...
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Sleep Disturbance Strongly Related to the Development of Postoperative Delirium in Proximal Femoral Fracture Patients Aged 60 or Older

Cho MR, Song SK, Ryu CH

Purpose: Post-fracture sleeping disorders can lead to a deterioration of mental and physical health and delay recovery to pre-fracture status. Here, an analysis was conducted to determine if sleep disturbance...
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Treatment of Acute Delirium in a Patient with Parkinson’s Disease by Transfer to the Intensive Care Unit and Administration of Dexmedetomidine

Lombardo M, DiPiazza A, Rippey K, Lubarr N, Clar E, Azmi H

The treatment of delirium or psychosis in patients with Parkinson’s disease (PD) can be complicated by the limited number of pharmacological agents that can be used in this population. Typical...
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Effect of anesthetic method on incidence of delirium after total hip replacement arthroplasty in South Korea: a population-based study using National Health Insurance claims data

Choi EJ, Choi YJ, Lee SW, Choi YM, Ri HS, Park JY, Park SJ, Son JM, Lee YS

Background: There are various reports on the effects of the anesthetic method on neurologic complications. A population-based study was conducted to estimate the effect of anesthetic method on the incidence...
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Risk factors of elderly patients with postoperative delirium following major abdominal surgery for cancer

Heo SC, Ahn HS, Shin R, Lim CS, Han DS

Purpose: Postoperative delirium (POD) is a common complication in elderly patients after major abdominal surgery for cancer. Although POD is related with a poor outcome, there have not been many...
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