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Inhibition of STAT3 signaling induces apoptosis and suppresses growth of lung cancer: good and bad

Kang JH, Jang YS, Lee HJ, Lee CY, Shin DY, Oh SH

Signal transducer and activator of transcription 3 (STAT3) modulates a variety of genes involved in the regulation of critical functions, including cell proliferation, differentiation, apoptosis, angiogenesis, metastasis, and immunity. For...
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Comparison of Squamous Cell Carcinoma of the Tongue between Young and Old Patients

Choi G, Song JS, Choi SH, Nam SY, Kim SY, Roh JL, Lee BK, Cho KJ

BACKGROUND: The worldwide incidence of squamous cell carcinoma of the tongue (SCCOT) in young patients has been increasing. We investigated clinicopathologic features of this unique population and compared them with...
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Inhibition of tamoxifen's therapeutic effects by emodin in estrogen receptor-positive breast cancer cell lines

Kim YG, Park YH, Yang EY, Park WS, Park KS

PURPOSE: This study was aimed to investigate the combination effect of endoxifen and emodin on estrogen receptor (ER) positive breast cancer cell lines and to explain the mechanism of the...
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Low Doses of Nonylphenol Promote Growth of Colon Cancer Cells through Activation of ERK1/2 via G Protein‒Coupled Receptor 30

Xie M, Liang JL, Huang HD, Wang MJ, Zhang T, Yang XF

PURPOSE: Nonylphenol (NP) is an endocrine disruptor found in products such as cleaners, plastics, and detergents. It exerts actions similar to endogenous 17β-estradiol (E2) and is reported to influence various...
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Baicalein Inhibits Dextran Sulfate Sodium-induced Mouse Colitis

Zhong X, Surh YJ, Do SG, Shin E, Shim KS, Lee CK, Na HK

BACKGROUND: Baicalein is a bioactive flavone that is originally extracted from the root of Scutellaria baicalensis Georgi. This plant has long served as Chinese herbal medicine in the management of...
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Tannic acid-induced apoptosis in FaDu hypopharyngeal squamous cell carcinoma

Ta LT, Nguyen TT, Yoo H

Tannic acid (TA) is a water-soluble polyphenol compound found in various herbal plants. We investigated the chemopreventive effects of TA on FaDu hypopharyngeal squamous carcinoma cells. In an 3-(4,5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-2,5-diphenyltetrazolium bromide...
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Induction of Melanoma Cell-Selective Apoptosis Using Anti-HER2 Antibody-Conjugated Gold Nanoparticles

Jeon HJ, Choi BB, Park KH, Hwang DS, Kim UK, Kim GC

PURPOSE: This study was conducted to verify the induction and mechanism of selective apoptosis in G361 melanoma cells using anti-HER2 antibody-conjugated gold nanoparticles (GNP-HER2). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Following GNP-HER2 treatment of...
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Potential Oncogenic Role of the Papillary Renal Cell Carcinoma Gene in Non-Small Cell Lung Cancers

Jang SH, Jiang Y, Shin S, Jung SH, Jung CK, Chung YJ

PURPOSE: Papillary renal cell carcinoma (PRCC) gene, which located in 1q23.1, is recurrently amplified in non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). However, it is unknown whether PRCC is overexpressed in primary...
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Proliferation Profile of Uterine Endometrial Stromal Cells during In Vitro Culture with Gonadotropins: Recombinant versus Urinary Follicle Stimulating Hormone

Kim YJ, Kim YY, Song DY, Lee SH, Park CW, Kim H, Ku SY

BACKGROUND: Provision of optimal endometrial stromal cells is essential in uterine tissue engineering. Culture of these cells is significantly influenced by gonadotropin hormones. This investigation attempted to define the proliferation...
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Synthesized Ceramide Induces Growth of Dermal Papilla Cells with Potential Contribution to Hair Growth

Oh JH, Jeong KH, Kim JE, Kang H

BACKGROUND: The ceramide is known to play an important role in the formation of intracellular lipids, and play a crucial role as a barrier for skin and hair cuticle. Recent...
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Gomisin G Suppresses the Growth of Colon Cancer Cells by Attenuation of AKT Phosphorylation and Arrest of Cell Cycle Progression

Maharjan S, Park BK, Lee SI, Lim Y, Lee K, Lee Y, Kwon HJ

Colorectal cancer is one of the leading causes of cancer related death due to a poor prognosis. In this study, we investigated the effect of Gomisin G on colon cancer...
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Decursin induces apoptosis in glioblastoma cells, but not in glial cells via a mitochondria-related caspase pathway

Oh ST, Lee S, Hua C, Koo BS, Pak SC, Kim DI, Jeon S, Shin BA

Decursin is a major biological active component of Angelica gigas Nakai and is known to induce apoptosis of metastatic prostatic cancer cells. Recently, other reports have been commissioned to examine...
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The Pharmacological Inhibition of ERK5 Enhances Apoptosis in Acute Myeloid Leukemia Cells

Kang C, Kim JS, Kim CY, Kim EY, Chung HM

Acute myeloid leukemia (AML) is a fatal hematological malignancy which is resistant to a variety of chemotherapy drugs. Extracellular signal-regulated kinase 5 (ERK5) plays a novel role in chemoresistance in...
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Microcystic Stromal Tumor of Testicle: First Case Report and Literature Review

Zhu P, Duan Y, Ao Q, Wang G

Microcystic stromal tumor (MCST) is a rare subtype of sex cord-stromal neoplasm. Tumors from all 31 previously reported cases were located in the ovary. Herein, we present a unique case...
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The Effect of Fibronectin-Immobilized Microgrooved Titanium Substrata on Cell Proliferation and Expression of Genes and Proteins in Human Gingival Fibroblasts

Kim EC, Lee DY, Lee MH, Lee HJ, Kim KH, Leesungbok R, Ahn SJ, Park SJ, Yoon JH, Jee YJ, Lee SC, Lee SW

BACKGROUND: We aimed to determine the effect of fibronectin (FN)-immobilized microgrooved titanium (Ti) on human gingival fibroblast proliferation, gene expression and protein expression. METHODS: Photolithography was used to fabricate the microgrooved...
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Prognostic Role of Metastatic Lymph Node Ratio in Papillary Thyroid Carcinoma

Pyo JS, Sohn JH, Chang K

BACKGROUND: The aim of this study is to elucidate the clinicopathological significances, including the prognostic role, of metastatic lymph node ratio (mLNR) and tumor deposit diameter in papillary thyroid carcinoma...
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Cripto Enhances Proliferation and Survival of Mesenchymal Stem Cells by Up-Regulating JAK2/STAT3 Pathway in a GRP78-Dependent Manner

Yun S, Yun CW, Lee JH, Kim S, Lee SH

Cripto is a small glycosylphosphatidylinositol-anchored signaling protein that can detach from the anchored membrane and stimulate proliferation, migration, differentiation, vascularization, and angiogenesis. In the present study, we demonstrated that Cripto...
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Extracellular acidity enhances tumor necrosis factor-related apoptosis-inducing ligand (TRAIL)-mediated apoptosis via DR5 in gastric cancer cells

Hong R, Han SI

The tumor microenvironment greatly influences cancer cell characteristics, and acidic extracellular pH has been implicated as an essential factor in tumor malignancy and the induction of drug resistance. Here, we...
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Role of E-cadherin and cyclin D1 as predictive markers of aggression and clonal expansion in head and neck squamous cell carcinoma

Shergill K, Sen A, Pillai HJ

OBJECTIVES: Head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC) is the sixth most common malignancy worldwide. Inconsistency in various histopathologic features for predicting nodal metastasis and overall prognosis and a better...
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Anti-proliferative Effect of 15,16-Dihydrotanshinone I Through Cell Cycle Arrest and the Regulation of AMP-activated Protein Kinase/Akt/mTOR and Mitogen-activated Protein Kinase Signaling Pathway in Human Hepatocellular Carcinoma Cells

Hong JY, Park SH, Park HJ, Lee SK

BACKGROUND: 15,16-dihydrotanshinone I (DHTS) is a natural abietane diterpenoid that is mainly found in the roots of Salvia miltiorrhiza Bunge (Labiatae). DHTS exhibits a potential anti-proliferative effect in various human...
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