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Use of Magnetic Resonance Neurography for Evaluating the Distribution and Patterns of Chronic Inflammatory Demyelinating Polyneuropathy

Su X, Kong X, Lu Z, Zhou M, Wang J, Liu X, Kong X, Zhang H, Zheng C

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the distribution and characteristics of peripheral nerve abnormalities in chronic inflammatory demyelinating polyneuropathy (CIDP) using magnetic resonance neurography (MRN) and to examine the diagnostic efficiency. MATERIALS AND METHODS:...
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Lower Cranial Nerve Palsy Due to Vertebrobasilar Dolichoectasia

Kim Y, Kim YD, Na SJ, Lee KO, Yim SH, Yoon B

No abstract available.
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Pattern of Extraocular Muscle Involvements in Miller Fisher Syndrome

Ryu WY, Kim YH, Yoon BA, Park HT, Bae JS, Kim JK

BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: The most-common initial manifestation of Miller Fisher syndrome (MFS) is diplopia due to acute ophthalmoplegia. However, few studies have focused on ocular motility findings in MFS. This...
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Recurrent Painful Ophthalmoplegic Neuropathy: a Case Report

Park JH, Lee HK, Koh MJ, Oh JH, Park SJ

Upon review, it is noted that recurrent painful ophthalmoplegic neuropathy (RPON) is a rare neurological syndrome characterized by recurrent unilateral headaches and painful ophthalmoplegia of the ipsilateral oculomotor nerve. As...
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Möbius Syndrome Demonstrated by the High-Resolution MR Imaging: a Case Report and Review of Literature

Hwang M, Baek HJ, Ryu KH, Choi BH, Ha JY, Do HJ

Möbius syndrome is a rare congenital condition, characterized by abducens and facial nerve palsy, resulting in limitation of lateral gaze movement and facial diplegia. However, to our knowledge, there have been few...
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Ophthalmologic Clinical Features of Facial Nerve Palsy Patients

Lee S, Lew H

PURPOSE: To understand the ophthalmic clinical features and outcomes of facial nerve palsy patients who were referred to an ophthalmic clinic for various conditions like Bell's palsy, trauma, and brain...
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Clinical Characteristics and Prognostic Factors of Children with Guillain-Barré Syndrome

Kim SH, Samadov F, Mukhamedov A, Kong J, Ko A, Kim YM, Lee YJ, Nam SO

PURPOSE: Guillain-Barré syndrome (GBS) is a group of clinical syndromes involving acute polyneuropathy secondary to an immune-mediated process. Although affected children generally tend to have a good prognosis, a small...
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A Case of Head and Neck Mucosa-Associated Lymphoid Tissue Lymphoma Presenting as Progressive Multiple Cranial Nerve Palsy

Kim D, Lee CB, Pak MG, Lee DK

Lymphoma is a malignant tumor arising from the lymphoid tissue. Chronic inflammation can make lymphocyte accumulation and proliferation in the mucous membrane. Sustained accumulation of these persistent changes in the...
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Varicella Zoster Virus Infection of the Pharynx and Larynx without Vocal Cord Palsy

Kim MR, Shim HK

Varicella zoster virus (VZV) infection in the head and neck may manifest as various clinical symptoms and signs which depend on the combination of involved multiple cranial nerves. Involvements of...
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Abducens Nerve Palsy Associated with Ramsay-Hunt Syndrome

Rha HJ, Park JH

Ramsay-Hunt syndrome is an infectious disease caused by the varicella zoster virus. It is usually associated with facial and vestibulocochlear nerve palsy, but other cranial nerve dysfunction can be accompanied....
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Isolated Tuberculoma Mimicking Foramen Magnum Meningioma in the Absence of Primary Tuberculosis: A Case Report

Kolakshyapati M, Takeda M, Mitsuhara , Yamaguchi , Abiko M, Matsuda S, Kurisu K

Central nervous system tuberculosis is a devastating complication of systemic tuberculosis. Intradural extramedullary (IDEM) tuberculoma at the foramen magnum is rare, and mimics en plaque meningioma. We report the case...
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Unilateral Hypoglossal Neuropathy in Multifocal Acquired Demyelinating Sensory and Motor Neuropathy: Differential Diagnosis of Motor Neuron Disease

Yoo SK, Kim MO, Kim CH, Kim YS, Kim SK, Kang H, Choi NC, Kwon OY, Lim BH, Park KH

Multifocal acquired demyelinating sensory and motor neuropathy (MADSAM) is a peripheral neuropathy characterized by multifocal weakness and associated sensory impairment. MADSAM is associated with multifocal persistent conduction block and other...
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Zoster Laryngitis with Multiple Cranial Nerve Palsy Progressed as Ascending Involvement

Hwang W, Jeong DE

BACKGROUND: Herpes zoster of the head and neck commonly presents with Ramsay Hunt syndrome. However, vesicular eruptions may occur on the pharyngeal or laryngeal area with multiple lower cranial-nerve (CN)...
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Superficial Siderosis with Peripheral Dizziness: Report of 2 Cases

Kim TH, Huh JH, Park MS, Byun JY

Superficial siderosis (SS) of the central nervous system is a rare disease, which is caused by the accumulation of iron from the hemoglobin in the superficial layer of the brain,...
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Dental Management in a Patient with Infantile Osteopetrosis : A Case Report with a 7-Year follow-up

Cheon M, Yang S, Kim J, Choi N, Kim S

Osteopetrosis is characterized by impaired osteoclast function and increased bone density. Infantile osteopetrosis is a severe form of the disease and has characteristics such as diffusely sclerotic skeleton, pancytopenia, cranial...
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Intraoperative Neurophysiological Monitoring : A Review of Techniques Used for Brain Tumor Surgery in Children

Kim K, Cho C, Bang MS, Shin HI, Phi JH, Kim SK

Intraoperative monitoring (IOM) utilizes electrophysiological techniques as a surrogate test and evaluation of nervous function while a patient is under general anesthesia. They are increasingly used for procedures, both surgical...
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Ramsay Hunt syndrome

Jeon Y, Lee H

Ramsay Hunt syndrome is a type of acute herpes zoster, which occurs by reactivation of the varicella-zoster virus at the geniculate ganglion. Clinical presentation of Ramsay Hunt syndrome includes a...
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Neurolymphomatosis presenting as brachial plexopathy with involvement of cranial nerves

Lee HJ, Kim KS, Song P, Lee JJ, Sung JJ, Choi K, Kim B, Cho JY

Neurolymphomatosis (NL) is a rare disease characterized by lymphomatous invasion of the cranial or peripheral nerves by lymphoma. A high suspicion is important due to the various presenting symptoms mandating...
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Analysis of Prognostic Factors in Malignant External Otitis

Lee SK, Lee SA, Seon SW, Jung JH, Lee JD, Choi JY, Kim BG

OBJECTIVES: Malignant external otitis (MEO) is a potentially fatal infection of the external auditory canal, temporal bone, and skull base. Despite treatment with modern antibiotics, MEO can lead to skull...
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Cranial Nerve Palsy after Onyx Embolization as a Treatment for Cerebral Vascular Malformation

Lee JM, Whang K, Cho SM, Kim JY, Oh JW, Koo YM, Hu C, Pyen J, Choi JW

The Onyx liquid embolic system is a relatively safe and commonly used treatment for vascular malformations, such as arteriovenous fistulas and arteriovenous malformations. However, studies on possible complications after Onyx...
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