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Waning Effectiveness of One-dose Universal Varicella Vaccination in Korea, 2011–2018: a Propensity Score Matched National Population Cohort

Hong K, Sohn S, Choe YJ, Rhie K, Lee JK, Han MS, Chun BC, Choi EH

Background: Despite high coverage (~98%) of universal varicella vaccination (UVV) in the Republic of Korea since 2005, reduction in the incidence rate of varicella is not obvious. The study aimed to...
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Hearing Impairment Increases Economic Inequality

Kim SY, Min C, Yoo DM, Chang J, Lee HJ, Park B, Choi HG

Objectives. We evaluated changes in income levels in a hearing-impaired population. Methods. The study subjects were selected from the Korean National Health Insurance Service-Health Screening Cohort data from 2002 to 2015...
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Incidence and Mortality Associated with Cardiovascular Medication among Hypertensive COVID-19 Patients in South Korea

Oh TK, Cho HW, Suh JW, Song IA

Purpose: We aimed to investigate whether the use of cardiovascular drugs in coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) patients with hypertension as a comorbidity has a significant effect on the incidence and...
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Epidemiology of trigeminal neuralgia: an electronic population health data study in Korea

Lee CH, Jang HY, Won HS, Kim JS, Kim YD

Background: Trigeminal neuralgia (TN) is one of the most painful disorder in the orofacial region, and many patients have suffered from this disease. For the effective management of TN, fundamental...
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A Korean nationwide investigation of the national trend of complex regional pain syndrome vis-à-vis age-structural transformations

Lee JH, Park S, Kim JH

Background: The present study employed National Health Insurance Data to explore complex regional pain syndrome (CRPS) updated epidemiology in a Korean context. Methods: A CRPS cohort for the period 2009-2016 was...
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Stroke Recurrence in First-Ever Symptomatic Carotid Web: A Cohort Study

Olindo S, Chausson N, Signate A, Mecharles S, Hennequin JL, Saint-Vil M, Edimonana-Kaptue M, Jeannin S, Landais A, Cabre P, Sibon I, Smadja D, Joux J

Background and Purpose Carotid web (CaW) is an intimal variant of fibromuscular dysplasia responsible for ipsilateral cerebral ischemic events (CIE). Symptomatic CaW likely has a high risk of recurrent CIE,...
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Time to Reach Target Glycosylated Hemoglobin Is Associated with Long-Term Durable Glycemic Control and Risk of Diabetic Complications in Patients with Newly Diagnosed Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus: A 6-Year Observational Study

Kim KJ, Choi J, Bae JH, Kim KJ, Yoo HJ, Seo JA, Kim NH, Choi KM, Baik SH, Kim SG, Kim NH

Background: To evaluate the association of time to reach the target glycosylated hemoglobin (HbA1c) level with long-term durable glycemic control and risk of diabetic complications in patients with newly diagnosed...
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Metabolically Healthy Obesity Is Associated with an Increased Risk of Colorectal Adenoma Occurrence Diagnosed by Surveillance Colonoscopy

Chae H, Yang HJ, Park SK, Jung YS, Park JH, Park DI, Sohn CI

Background/Aims: The risk of recurrence of colorectal adenoma among obese individuals without metabolic abnormalities or in those with metabolically healthy obesity is largely unexplored.Therefore, we longitudinally investigated the risk of...
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Risk Factor of Mood Disorder Development in Breast Cancer Survivors

Park MA, Seo HJ

Objective : The questionnaire-based study model has a problem in that there is no information on diseases and drugs to determine the association between mood disorders and the severity of...
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Protocol for a Korean Multicenter Prospective Cohort Study of Active Surveillance or Surgery (KoMPASS) in Papillary Thyroid Microcarcinoma

Jeon MJ, Kang YE, Moon JH, Lim DJ, Lee CY, Lee YS, Kim SW, Kim MH, Kim BH, Kang HC, Shong M, Cho SW, Kim WB

Background: A Korean Multicenter Prospective cohort study of Active Surveillance or Surgery (KoMPASS) for papillary thyroid microcarcinomas (PTMCs) has been initiated. The aim is to compare clinical outcomes between active...
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Factors of Specific Comorbidities Severity on the Risk of Mortality among Breast Cancer Survivors

Seo HJ

Background: For cancer patients, comorbidities affect the risk, progression, and process of treatment. They negatively affect prognoses by increasing mortality. It is therefore necessary to predict prognoses accurately for cancer...
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Birth cohort effects on maternal and child environmental health: a systematic review

Chae J, Kim HK

Purpose: This study aimed to review recent findings from birth cohort studies on maternal and child environmental health. Methods: Birth cohort studies regarding environmental health outcomes for mothers and their children...
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Reliability and Validity of a Life Course Passive Smoke Exposure Questionnaire in an Australian Cohort From Childhood to Adulthood

Ezegbe C, Magnussen CG, Neil AL, Buscot MJ, Dwyer T, Venn A, Gall S

Objectives: Life course exposure to passive smoke may predict health, but there are few validated measures. We tested the reliability and validity of a retrospective life course passive smoking questionnaire....
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Proton Pump Inhibitor Use Increases Pyogenic Liver Abscess Risk: A Nationwide Cohort Study

Oh JH, Kang D, Kang W, Guallar E, Cho J, Min YW

  • KMID: 2521156
  • J Neurogastroenterol Motil.
  • 2021 Oct;27(4):555-564.
  • doi: 10.5056/jnm20221
Background/Aims Proton pump inhibitors (PPIs) increase gastric pH and alter the gut microbiome. An increased risk for infectious diseases has been reported in PPI users. However, little is known about the...
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Incidence and Reappraisal of Known Risk Factors Associated With Carpal Tunnel Syndrome: A Nationwide, 11-Year, Population-Based Study in South Korea

Rhee SY, Cho HE, Kim JH, Kim HS

Background and Purpose Previous studies have revealed various risk factors for carpal tunnel syndrome (CTS), but few large-scale studies have been conducted. We used data from the 11-year, longitudinal, nationwide population-based...
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Associations Between Thyroid Hormone Levels and Urinary Concentrations of Bisphenol A, F, and S in 6-Year-old Children in Korea

Jang Y, Choi YJ, Lim YH, Lee KS, Kim BN, Shin CH, Lee YA, Kim JI, Hong YC

Objectives: Bisphenol A (BPA) is used in the electrical, mechanical, medical, and food industries. Previous studies have suggested that BPA is an endocrine disruptor. Regulation of BPA has led to...
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Cohort profile: the Ewha Birth and Growth Study

Lee HA, Park B, Min J, Choi EJ, Kim UJ, Park HJ, Park EA, Cho SJ, Kim HS, Lee H, Kim YJ, Hong YS, Kim EJ, Ha EH, Park H

With the introduction of life-course epidemiology, researchers realized the importance of identifying risk factors in early life to prevent chronic diseases. This led to the establishment of the Ewha Birth...
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Antipsychotic Polypharmacy in Treatment of Schizophrenia; Should or Should Not?

Pae CU

Antipsychotics have been utilized as the standard treatment for schizophrenia regardless of illness phase where antipsychotic monotherapy (APM) is routinely recommended as the gold standard rather than antipsychotic polypharmacy (APP)....
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History of Coffee Consumption and Risk of Alzheimer's Disease: a Meta-epidemiological Study of Population-based Cohort Studies

Bae JM

Background and Purpose: Four published quantitative systematic reviews showed conflicting results involving coffee consumption and the risk of Alzheimer's disease (AD). The aim of this meta-epidemiological meta-analysis (MEMA) was to...
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Relationship Between Non-alcoholic Fatty Liver Disease and Decreased Bone Mineral Density: A Retrospective Cohort Study in Korea

Sung J, Ryu S, Song YM, Cheong HK

Objectives: The aim of this retrospective cohort study was to investigate whether non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) was associated with incident bone mineral density (BMD) decrease. Methods: This study included 4536...
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