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Cigarette smoke extract contributes to the inception and aggravation of asthmatic inflammation by stimulating innate immunity

Kim Y, Kim J, Mo Y, Park DE, Lee HS, Jung JW, Kang HR

Purpose: Smoking is a risk factor for the development of asthma and worsens the long-term prognosis of asthma. This study investigated the effect of cigarette smoke extract (CSE) on innate...
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Effects of Antioxidant on Oxidative Stress and Autophagy in Bronchial Epithelial Cells Exposed to Particulate Matter and Cigarette Smoke Extract

Hur J, Rhee CK, Jo YS

Background: We evaluated the effect of particulate matter (PM) and cigarette smoke extract (CSE) on bronchial epithelial cell survival, as well as oxidative stress and autophagy levels. Moreover, we aimed...
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Factors that Predict Smoking Cessation among Older Koreans: Based on the Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey 2016–2018

Lim HK, Park YS, Kim JH, Kim JH

Background: Tobacco smoking is associated with several diseases and deaths in older Koreans. This study aimed to evaluate the factors associated with smoking cessation in older Koreans. Methods: We selected...
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The Effects of College Students’ Dual Use of Electronic Cigarette and Conventional Cigarette on Depression

Kim HJ, Lee B, Song MK, Lee J

Purpose: This study was conducted to find out the association between dual-use of the electronic cigarette (EC) and conventional cigarette (CC) and depression among undergraduate students. Methods: The participants of...
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Associations between Cigarette and Electronic Cigarette Use and Sleep Health in Korean Adolescents: An Analysis of the 14th (2018) Korea Youth Risk Behavior Surveys

Lee BG, Lee H

Purpose: This study aimed to understand the relationship between cigarette and electronic cigarette (e-cigarette) use and sleep health among Korean adolescents. Methods: Using the 14th Korea Youth Risk Behavior Survey,...
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Trends in health behaviors over 20 years: findings from the 1998-2018 Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey

Kim S, Choi S, Kim J, Park S, Kim YT, Park O, Oh K

OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to examine the trends in health behaviors in Korean population using data from the Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (KNHANES). METHODS: The subjects were 96,408...
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The effect of demographic characteristics on the relationship between smoking and dry mouth in Iran: a cross-sectional, case-control study

Kakoei S, Nekouei AH, Kakooei S, Najafipour H

OBJECTIVES: The effect of age, sex, and other demographic factors on the relationship between smoking and dry mouth remains unknown. The aim of this study was to investigate the effects...
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Factors Associated with Persistent Smoking in Diabetic Patients: The Seventh Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey

Kim JH, Park YS, Kim JH, Lim HK

Background: Smoking increases total mortality and the risk of complications in patients with diabetes; however, smokers tend to smoke persistently even after the diagnosis of diabetes mellitus. The purpose of...
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Association of Self-Reported and Cotinine-Verified Smoking Status with Atrial Arrhythmia

Lee SH, Kim BJ, Kang J, Seo DC, Lee SJ

Background: The relationship between self-reported and urinary cotinine-verified smoking status and atrial arrhythmia (AA) is unclear. The aim of this study was to evaluate the association of self-reported and urine...
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Association between Cigarette Smoking and New-Onset Diabetes Mellitus in 78,212 Koreans Using Self-Reported Questionnaire and Urine Cotinine

Kim JH, Seo DC, Kim BJ, Kang JG, Lee SJ, Lee SH, Kim BS, Kang JH

BackgroundNo study has assessed association between cigarette smoking and new-onset diabetes mellitus (NODM) incidence using two different smoking classification systems: self-reported questionnaire and urine cotinine. The objective of this longitudinal...
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Effects of cigarette smoking on blood lipids in Korean men: Cardiovascular and Metabolic Diseases Etiology Research Center cohort

Kim SK, Kim HC, Shim JS, Kim DJ

Background/Aims: Cigarette smoking and abnormal blood lipids are major risk factors for cardiovascular disease. The results of previous studies on the relationship between cigarette smoking and dyslipidemia are controversial. In...
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Comparison of the risks of combustible cigarettes, e-cigarettes, and heated tobacco products

Cho HJ

E-cigarettes (ECs) and heated tobacco products (HTPs) have become popular in Korea; hence, it is important to determine whether ECs and HTPs are less hazardous than combustible cigarettes (CCs). In...
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Cigarette Smoking in South Korea: A Narrative Review

Gunter R, Szeto E, Jeong SH, Suh S(, Waters AJ

Although the prevalence of cigarette smoking has declined in Western countries over the past few decades, a comparable decline among males has not been observed in Asian countries, especially in...
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Incidence of Colon Cancer Related to Cigarette Smoking and Alcohol Consumption in Adults with Metabolic Syndrome: Prospective Cohort Study

Jo A, Oh H

Purpose: The purpose of this study was to identify the impact of cigarette smoking and alcohol consumption on the incidence of colon cancer in adults with metabolic syndrome. Methods: This...
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Associations between the Frequency of Electronic Cigarette Use and Smoking-related Characteristics among Adolescent Smokers

Lee H

PURPOSE: We aimed to identify associations between the frequency of electronic cigarette (e-cigarette) use and smoking-related characteristics among adolescent smokers. METHODS: We used data from the 14th Korea Youth Risk Behavior...
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Multiple Metachronous Malignancies: One Patient with Five Primary Malignancies

Lee SY, Kim BI, Kim HJ, Joo KJ, Lee SH, Yoo CH, Kim DH

We report a case of a 73-year-old male with multiple, metachronous primary malignancies. He presented with adenocarcinoma of the stomach with transverse colon invasion followed by bladder cancer, hypopharyngeal cancer,...
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Epidemiologic Evidence of and Potential Mechanisms by Which Second-Hand Smoke Causes Predisposition to Latent and Active Tuberculosis

Bai X, Aerts SL, Verma D, Ordway DJ, Chan ED

Many studies have linked cigarette smoke (CS) exposure and tuberculosis (TB) infection and disease although much fewer have studied second-hand smoke (SHS) exposure. Our goal is to review the epidemiologic...
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Associations between Sleep Duration and Smoked Cigarettes per Day, Heavy Smoking in Smokers

Yu JG, Kim CG, Jung SP, Lee KM

BACKGROUND: This study was performed to evaluate the associations between sleep duration and smoked cigarettes per day, prevalence of heavy smoking. METHODS: This study was based on the data of 9,893...
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What do patients with urothelial cancer know about the association of their tumor disease with smoking habits? Results of a German survey study

May M, Fritsche H, Gilfrich C, Dombrowski M, Maurer O, Spachmann , Kumar MG, Bjurlin M, Burger M, Brookman-May S

PURPOSE: Smoking represents a primary risk factor for the development of urothelial carcinoma (UC) and a relevant factor impacting UC-specific prognosis. Data on the accordant knowledge of UC-patients in this...
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Relationship between happiness and tobacco smoking among high school students

Ataeiasl M, Sarbakhsh , Dadashzadeh H, Augner C, Anbarlouei M, Mohammadpoorasl A

OBJECTIVES: Recent research has described negative relationship between happiness and habitual smoking among adolescents. No study of this relationship has been conducted among Iranian adolescents. The aim of the present...
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