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Adverse Effects of Air Pollution on Pulmonary Diseases

Ko UW, Kyung SY

Environmental exposure to air pollution is known to have adverse effects on various organs. Air pollution has greater effects on the pulmonary system as the lungs are directly exposed to...
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Phenotype of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease Based on Computed Tomography–Defined Underlying Pathology

Kim WD

Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is a complex and heterogeneous disease. Not all patients with COPD respond to available drugs. Identifying respondents to therapy is critical to delivering the most...
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Long-Term Outcome of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease: A Review

Jo YS

Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is a chronic airway inflammation characterized by fixed airflow limitation and chronic respiratory symptoms, such as cough, sputum, and dyspnea. COPD is a progressive disease...
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Indications for Lung Transplantation and Patient Selection

Son J, Shin C

Globally, thousands of patients undergo lung transplantation owing to end-stage lung disease each year. As lung transplantation evolves, recommendations and indications are constantly being updated. In 2021, the International Society...
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Phenotype of Asthma-COPD Overlap in COPD and Severe Asthma Cohorts

Joo H, Park SY, Park SY, Park SY, Kim SH, Cho YS, Yoo KH, Jung KS, Rhee CK

Background: Asthma and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) are airway diseases with similar clinical manifestations, despite differences in pathophysiology. AsthmaCOPD overlap (ACO) is a condition characterized by overlapping clinical features...
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Role of Nuclear Factor Erythroid 2-Related Factor 2 in Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease

Ban WH, Rhee CK

Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is characterized by airflow limitation due to chronic airway inflammation and destruction of the alveolar structure from persistent exposure to oxidative stress. The body has...
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Usefulness of Pulmonary Rehabilitation in Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer Patients Based on Pulmonary Function Tests and Muscle Analysis Using Computed Tomography Images

Choi J, Yang Z, Lee J, Lee JH, Kim HK, Yong HS, Lee SY

Purpose The usefulness of rehabilitation in patients with reduced lung function before lung surgery remains unclear, and there is no adequate method for evaluating the effect of rehabilitation. We aimed...
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Optimal Cut-Off Points of 4-meter Gait Speed to Discriminate Functional Exercise Capacity and Health Status in Older patients with Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease

Ozsoy I, Kodak MI, Zerman N, Kararti C, Erturk A

Background: Gait speed, a vital sign of health and functional capacity, is commonly used to measure mobility. Although studies have assessed gait speed in older adults and individuals with chronic...
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The Effectiveness and Harms of Screening for Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease: An Updated Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis

Choi N, Jang S, Yoo KH, Rhee CK, Kim Y

Background: This study aimed to perform meta-analyses to update a previous systematic review (SR) conducted by the US Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) to evaluate the benefits and harms of...
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Effects of Farinelli Breating Exercise on Respiratory Function and Symptoms in Patients with Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease

Ittinirundorn S, Wongsaita N, Somboonviboon D, Tongtako W

Background: Farinelli breathing (FB) exercise is a typical breathing exercise used by singers. This study aimed to compare effects of FB exercise and diaphragmatic breathing (DB) exercise on respiratory function...
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Metformin alleviates chronic obstructive pulmonary disease and cigarette smoke extract-induced glucocorticoid resistance by activating the nuclear factor E2-related factor 2/heme oxygenase-1 signaling pathway

Tao F, Zhou Y, Wang M, Wang C, Zhu W, Han Z, Sun N, Wang D

Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is an important healthcare problem worldwide. Often, glucocorticoid (GC) resistance develops during COPD treatment. As a classic hypoglycemic drug, metformin (MET) can be used as...
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Prevalence and impact of airway diseases on clinical outcomes in idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis

Park H, Cho J, Lee J, Park YS, Lee CH, Lee SM, Yoo CG, Kim YW, Han SK, Choi SM

Background/Aims: The prevalence and effects of airway diseases, including asthma, eosinophilic bronchitis (EB), chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), and asthma-COPD overlap (ACO) have not been thoroughly studied in patients with...
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Expeditious Resolution of Giant Bullae with Endobronchial Valves and Percutaneous Catheter Insertion

Im Y, Jeong BH, Park HY, Kim TS, Kim H

As bullae contribute to decreased lung function in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) patients, effective decompression of large bullae is important. Bronchoscopic lung volume reduction via endobronchial one-way valves is...
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Successful noninvasive ventilation in a severely acidotic and hypercapnic comatose COVID-19 patient with multiple comorbidities: a case report

Poonuraparampil JA, Karim HMR, Kesavankutty MP, Nayak PP

Effective use of noninvasive ventilation in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease is well-known. However, noninvasive ventilation in patients presenting with altered sensorium and severe acidosis (pH
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Digital Healthcare for Airway Diseases from Personal Environmental Exposure

Park Y, Lee C, Jung JY

Digital technologies have emerged in various dimensions of human life, ranging from education to professional services to wellbeing. In particular, health products and services have expanded by the use and...
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Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease Is Not Associated with a Poor Prognosis in COVID-19

Kim Y, An TJ, Park YB, Kim K, Cho DY, Rhee CK, Yoo KH

Background: The effect of underlying chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) on coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) during a pandemic is controversial. The purpose of this study was to examine the prognosis...
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The Long-term Efficacy of Domiciliary Noninvasive Positive-Pressure Ventilation in Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease: A Meta-Analysis of Randomized Controlled Trials

Park SY, Yoo KH, Park YB, Rhee CK, Park J, Park HY, Hwang YI, Park DA, Sim YS

Background: We evaluated the long-term effects of domiciliary noninvasive positive-pressure ventilation (NIPPV) used to treat patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). Methods: Databases were searched to identify randomized controlled trials...
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Posterior reversible encephalopathy syndrome and reversible cerebral vasoconstriction syndrome associated with acute exacerbation of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease

Hwang S, Ha J, Choi MY, Jung S

Posterior reversible encephalopathy syndrome (PRES) and reversible cerebral vasoconstriction syndrome (RCVS) are relatively uncommon neurological disorders. These two independent syndromes can be concurrent as a part of a continuum process;...
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Regional Anesthesia for Abdominal Surgery in a Patient with Severe Chronic Respiratory Failure: A Case Report

Lee M, Woo Y, Jung J, Chung YH, Koo BS, Cho SH

General anesthesia is associated with a risk for postoperative pulmonary complications. The risk is even higher in patients with chronic respiratory failure, and postoperative mortality rates are high. Proper perioperative...
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New Method for Combined Quantitative Assessment of Air-Trapping and Emphysema on Chest Computed Tomography in Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease: Comparison with Parametric Response Mapping

Hwang HJ, Seo JB, Lee SM, Kim N, Yi J, Lee JS, Lee SW, Oh YM, Lee SD

Objective: Emphysema and small-airway disease are the two major components of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). We propose a novel method of quantitative computed tomography (CT) emphysema air-trapping composite (EAtC)...
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