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Mesenchymal stem cells in acute myeloid leukemia: a focus on mechanisms involved and therapeutic concepts

Fathi E, Sanaat Z, Farahzadi

Drug resistance in cancer, especially in leukemia, creates a dilemma in treatment planning. Consequently, studies related to the mechanisms underlying drug resistance, the molecular pathways involved in this phenomenon, and...
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Enhanced Anti-Cancer Effects of Conditioned Medium from Hypoxic Human Umbilical Cord–Derived Mesenchymal Stem Cells

Han KH, Kim AK, Jeong GJ, Jeon HR, Bhang SH, Kim DI

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: There have been contradictory reports on the pro-cancer or anti-cancer effects of mesenchymal stem cells. In this study, we investigated whether conditioned medium (CM) from hypoxic human...
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Therapeutic Targeting of the DNA Damage Response Using an ATR Inhibitor in Biliary Tract Cancer

Nam AR, Jin MH, Park JE, Bang JH, Oh DY, Bang YJ

PURPOSE: The DNA damage response (DDR) is a multi-complex network of signaling pathways involved in DNA damage repair, cell cycle checkpoints, and apoptosis. In the case of biliary tract cancer...
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Jab1 Silencing Inhibits Proliferation and Sensitizes to Cisplatin in Biliary Tract Cancer

Nam AR, Kim JW, Park JE, Bang JH, Jin MH, Oh DY, Bang YJ

PURPOSE: Jab1 is a coactivator of c-Jun that enhances the transcriptional function of c-Jun. Jab1 is frequently overexpressed in various cancers and is associatedwith poor prognosis of cancer patients. Thus,...
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Overexpression of Tumor Protein p53-regulated Apoptosis-inducing Protein 1 Regulates Proliferation and Apoptosis of Breast Cancer Cells through the PI3K/Akt Pathway

Liang Y, Wang S, Liu J

PURPOSE: Tumor protein p53-regulated apoptosis-inducing protein 1 (TP53AIP1) functions in various cancers. We studied the effect and molecular mechanism of TP53AIP1 in breast cancer. METHODS: The degree of correlation between TP53AIP1...
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Induction of Melanoma Cell-Selective Apoptosis Using Anti-HER2 Antibody-Conjugated Gold Nanoparticles

Jeon HJ, Choi BB, Park KH, Hwang DS, Kim UK, Kim GC

PURPOSE: This study was conducted to verify the induction and mechanism of selective apoptosis in G361 melanoma cells using anti-HER2 antibody-conjugated gold nanoparticles (GNP-HER2). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Following GNP-HER2 treatment of...
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Tenovin-1 Induces Senescence and Decreases Wound-Healing Activity in Cultured Rat Primary Astrocytes

Bang M, Ryu O, Kim DG, Mabunga DF, Cho KS, Kim Y, Han SH, Kwon KJ, Shin CY

Brain aging induces neuropsychological changes, such as decreased memory capacity, language ability, and attention; and is also associated with neurodegenerative diseases. However, most of the studies on brain aging are...
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C-Type Natriuretic Peptide/Natriuretic Peptide Receptor 2 Is Involved in Cell Proliferation and Testosterone Production in Mouse Leydig Cells

Yang L, Lei L, Zhao Q, Gong Y, Guan G, Huang S

PURPOSE: This study investigated the role of natriuretic peptide receptor 2 (NPR2) on cell proliferation and testosterone secretion in mouse Leydig cells. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Mouse testis of different postnatal stages...
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Bleomycin Inhibits Proliferation via Schlafen-Mediated Cell Cycle Arrest in Mouse Alveolar Epithelial Cells

Jang S, Ryu SM, Lee J, Lee H, Hong SH, Ha KS, Park WS, Han ET, Yang SR

BACKGROUND: Idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis involves irreversible alveolar destruction. Although alveolar epithelial type II cells are key functional participants within the lung parenchyma, how epithelial cells are affected upon bleomycin (BLM)...
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RNA-sequencing Profiles of Cell Cycle–Related Genes Upregulated during the G2-Phase in Giardia lamblia

Kim J, Shin MY, Park SJ

To identify the component(s) involved in cell cycle control in the protozoan Giardia lamblia, cells arrested at the G1/S- or G2-phase by treatment with nocodazole and aphidicolin were prepared from...
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Antioxidant and growth inhibitory activities of Mesembryanthemum crystallinum L. in HCT116 human colon cancer cells

Seo JA, Ju J

PURPOSE: This study examined the antioxidant and cancer cell growth inhibitory activities of an ethanol extract and different solvent fractions of Mesembryanthemum crystallinum L. (ice plant). METHODS: The ice plant was...
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Bacoside A Induced Sub-G0 Arrest and Early Apoptosis in Human Glioblastoma Cell Line U-87 MG through Notch Signaling Pathway

Aithal MG, Rajeswari

BACKGROUND: Glioblastoma multiforme (GBM) is a highly malignant brain tumor with a worst prognosis of less than one year despite advance treatment facilities. Among various signaling pathway genes displaying genetic...
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Molecular Characterization of Primary Human Astrocytes Using Digital Gene Expression Analysis

Kim JW, Jeong JH

OBJECTIVE: Astrocyte dysfunctions are related to several central nervous system (CNS) pathologies. Transcriptomic profiling of human mRNAs to investigate astrocyte functions may provide the basic molecular-biological data pertaining to the...
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Guanabenz Acetate Induces Endoplasmic Reticulum Stress–Related Cell Death in Hepatocellular Carcinoma Cells

Kang HJ, Seol HS, Lee SE, Suh YA, Kim J, Jang SJ, Yu E

BACKGROUND: Development of chemotherapeutics for the treatment of advanced hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) has been lagging. Screening of candidate therapeutic agents by using patient-derived preclinical models may facilitate drug discovery for...
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Suppressor of Variegation 3–9 Homolog 2, a Novel Binding Protein of Translationally Controlled Tumor Protein, Regulates Cancer Cell Proliferation

Kim AR, Sung JY, Rho SB, Kim YN, Yoon K

Suppressor of Variegation 3–9 Homolog 2 (SUV39H2) methylates the lysine 9 residue of histone H3 and induces heterochromatin formation, resulting in transcriptional repression or silencing of target genes. SUV39H1 and...
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Restorative Mechanism of Neural Progenitor Cells Overexpressing Arginine Decarboxylase Genes Following Ischemic Injury

Kim JY, Kim JY, Kim JH, Jung H, Lee WT, Lee JE

Cell replacement therapy using neural progenitor cells (NPCs) following ischemic stroke is a promising potential therapeutic strategy, but lacks efficacy for human central nervous system (CNS) therapeutics. In a previous...
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Genistein Inhibits Proliferation of BRCA1 Mutated Breast Cancer Cells: The GPR30-Akt Axis as a Potential Target

Kim GY, Suh J, Jang JH, Kim DH, Park OJ, Park SK, Surh YJ

BACKGROUND: BRCA1 mutated breast cancer cells exhibit the elevated cell proliferation and the higher metastatic potential. G protein-coupled receptor 30 (GPR30) has been shown to regulate growth of hormonally responsive...
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Three-Dimensional Spheroid Formation of Cryopreserved Human Dental Follicle-Derived Stem Cells Enhances Pluripotency and Osteogenic Induction Properties

Kim HJ, Sung IY, Cho YC, Kang MS, Rho GJ, Byun JH, Park WU, Son MG, Park BW, Lee HJ, Kang YH

BACKGROUND: Enhancement and maintenance of the stemness of mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) is one of the most important factors contributing to the successful in vivo therapeutic application of these cells....
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Paip1 Indicated Poor Prognosis in Cervical Cancer and Promoted Cervical Carcinogenesis

Li N, Piao J, Wang X, Kim KY, Bae JY, Ren X, Lin Z

PURPOSE: This study was aimed to investigate the role of poly(A)-binding protein-interacting protein 1 (Paip1) in cervical carcinogenesis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The expression of Paip1 in normal cervical epithelial tissues and...
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Decursin induces apoptosis in glioblastoma cells, but not in glial cells via a mitochondria-related caspase pathway

Oh ST, Lee S, Hua C, Koo BS, Pak SC, Kim DI, Jeon S, Shin BA

Decursin is a major biological active component of Angelica gigas Nakai and is known to induce apoptosis of metastatic prostatic cancer cells. Recently, other reports have been commissioned to examine...
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