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The Comparison of Emergency Medical Service Responses to and Outcomes of Out-of-hospital Cardiac Arrest before and during the COVID-19 Pandemic in an Area of Korea

Lim D, Park SY, Choi B, Kim SH, Ryu JH, Kim YH, Sung AJ, Bae BK, Kim HB

Background: Since the declaration of the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic, COVID-19 has affected the responses of emergency medical service (EMS) systems to cases of out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA). The...
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Hypothermic treatment reduces matrix metalloproteinase-9 expression and damage in the liver following asphyxial cardiac arrest in rats

Kim D, Kim B, Sim H, Lee TK, Tae HJ, Lee JC, Park JH, Cho JH, Won MH, Park Y, Ahn JH

Background: Hypothermic treatment is known to protect organs against cardiac arrest (CA) and improves survival rate. However, few studies have evaluated the effects of hypothermia on CA-induced liver damages. This...
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Impact of the COVID-19 outbreak on adult out-of-hospital cardiac arrest outcomes in Daegu, South Korea: an observational study

Ahn JY, Ryoo HW, Cho JW, Kim JH, Lee SH, Jang TC

Objective This study aimed to compare the outcomes of adult out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA) before and after the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) outbreak in a large metropolitan city. Methods This before-and-after...
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Analysis of Characteristics and Mortality in Cardiac Arrest Patients by Hospital Level: a Nationwide Population-based Study

Lee S, Lee SW, Han KS, Ki M, Ko YH, Kim SJ

Background: Survival and post-cardiac arrest care vary considerably by hospital, region, and country. In the current study, we aimed to analyze mortality in patients who underwent cardiac arrest by hospital...
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Implementation of contextualized, emergency management cognitive aids in a periodontics clinic

Siemens MJ, Rice AN, Jensen TF, Simmons VC

Background: Emergencies in outpatient clinics are rare. However, potentially catastrophic events can be challenging to manage due to a variety of factors, including limited equipment and staff. The purpose of...
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Benefit of Extracorporeal Membrane Oxygenation before Revascularization in Patients with Acute Myocardial Infarction Complicated by Profound Cardiogenic Shock after Resuscitated Cardiac Arrest

Kim MC, Ahn Y, Cho KH, Sim DS, Hong YJ, Kim JH, Jeong MH, Cho JG, Kim D, Lee K, Jeong I, Cho YS, Jung YH, Jeung KW

Background and Objectives: The study sought to investigate the impact of early extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) support before revascularization in patients with acute myocardial infarction (AMI) complicated by profound cardiogenic...
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A study on the predictive indicators for the recovery of spontaneous circulation in the early arterial blood gas analysis of cardiac arrest in the elderly

Lim HJ, Cho JH, Moon JB, Park CW, Shin MC, Kim KE, Park YS, Yang GE, Ohk TG

  • KMID: 2515960
  • J Korean Soc Emerg Med.
  • 2021 Apr;32(2):103-111.
Objective: The number of elderly patients in Korea has been on the rise recently, and hence the number of out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA) elderly patients is also rising. The causes...
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Association between the number of prehospital defibrillation attempts and neurologic outcomes in out-of-hospital cardiac arrest patients without on-scene return of spontaneous circulation

Choi S, Kim TH, Hong KJ, Jeong J, Ro YS, Song KJ, Shin SD

Objective Delivery of prehospital defibrillation for shockable rhythms by emergency medical service providers is crucial for successful resuscitation in out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA) patients. The optimal range of prehospital defibrillation...
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The 10-Year Trend of Out-of-hospital Cardiac Arrests: a Korean Nationwide Population-Based Study

Roh SY, Choi JI, Park SH, Kim YG, Shim J, Kim JS, Han KD, Kim YH

Background and Objectives It is crucial to understand the exact public health burden of out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA) cases; this is presently unknown since sufficient episodes are not reported in registry...
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Characteristics and outcomes of public bath-related out-of-hospital cardiac arrests in South Korea

Yoo YJ, Kim GW, Lee CA, Park YJ, Lee KM, Cho JS, Jeong WJ, Choi HJ, Choi HJ, Heo NH, Moon HJ

Objective To analyze the differences in characteristics and outcomes between public bath (PB)- related and non-PB-related out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA) patients in South Korea. Methods We performed a retrospective observational analysis...
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Optimizing Stem Cell Therapy after Ischemic Brain Injury

Zhang S, Lachance BB, Moiz B, Jia X

Stem cells have been used for regenerative and therapeutic purposes in a variety of diseases. In ischemic brain injury, preclinical studies have been promising, but have failed to translate results...
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Simulation study about cardiac arrest recognition of emergency medical dispatcher using video call

Kwon T, Cho Y, Lee J, Cho GC, Lee C

  • KMID: 2506060
  • J Korean Soc Emerg Med.
  • 2020 Aug;31(4):339-345.
Objective: Bystander cardiopulmonary resuscitation is important for the survival of cardiac arrest patients. The rapid recognition of cardiac arrest by dispatchers leads to quicker initiation of bystander cardiopulmonary resuscitation. This...
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Analysis of perioperative cardiac arrest in a rural hospital in Korea

Kim YM, Lee JH, Kim HS, Kim JS, Yang HS

Background: Perioperative cardiac arrest has been studied in many countries but few related studies have been conducted in Korea. Previous studies were not applicable to rural hospitals due to differences...
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Variability in the effects of prehospital advanced airway management on outcomes of patients with out-of-hospital cardiac arrest

Oh YS, Ahn KO, Shin SD, Kagino K, Nishiuchi T, Ma M, Ko P, Ong MEH, Yng NY, Leong B

Objective To investigate variations in the effects of prehospital advanced airway management (AAM) on outcomes of out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA) patients according to regional emergency medical service (EMS) systems in...
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How can neurological outcomes be predicted in comatose pediatric patients after out-of-hospital cardiac arrest?

Kim HJ

The prognosis of patients who are comatose after resuscitation remains uncertain. The accurate prediction of neurological outcome is important for management decisions and counseling. A neurological examination is an important...
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Vasospasm-related Sudden Cardiac Death Has Outcomes Comparable with Coronary Stenosis in Out-of-Hospital Cardiac Arrest

Lee DH, Lee BK, Kim YH, Park YS, Sim MS, Kim SJ, Oh SH, Lee DH, Kim YJ, Kim WY

Background: Characteristics of coronary vasospasm-related sudden cardiac death are not well understood. We aimed to compare the characteristics and clinical outcomes between coronary vasospasm and stenosis, in out-of-hospital cardiac arrest...
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Outcome of cardiopulmonary resuscitation for prehospital traumaticcardiac arrest: focused on Gangwon province

Im CW, Lee T, Ohk TG, Kim OH, Jung SK, Kim Y, Ma BS, Ahn ME, Seo JY, Kim DW

  • KMID: 2500262
  • J Korean Soc Emerg Med.
  • 2020 Apr;31(2):135-145.
Objective: This aim examined the outcomes of resuscitation and the clinical characteristics of patients with pre-hospital traumatic cardiac arrests (TCA). Methods: The charts of patients with pre-hospital TCA who visited the various...
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Early coronary angiography in patients with out-of-hospital cardiac arrestand improved survival discharge rate

Chun SM, Lee SH, Jeon JC, Choi WI, Jin SC

  • KMID: 2500261
  • J Korean Soc Emerg Med.
  • 2020 Apr;31(2):127-134.
Objective: Coronary angiography (CAG) is an important procedure in post-resuscitated patients with out of hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA). On the other hand, the timing of CAG is still controversial. This study...
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Association between Cardiac Arrest Time and Favorable Neurological Outcomes in Witnessed Out-of-Hospital Cardiac Arrest Patients Treated with Targeted Temperature Management

Lee ZH, Kim YH, Lee JH, Lee DW, Lee KY, Hwang SY

Background: Patients who achieve a return of spontaneous circulation (ROSC) with prolonged cardiac arrest have been recognized to have a poor prognosis. This might lead to reluctance in the provision...
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Comparing the neurologic outcomes of patients with out-of-hospital cardiac arrest according to prehospital advanced airway management method and transport time interval

Kim S, Lee DE, Moon S, Ahn JY, Lee WK, Kim JK, Park J, Ryoo HW

Objective The incidences of prehospital advanced airway management by emergency medical technicians in South Korea are increasing; however, whether this procedure improves the survival outcomes of patients experiencing out-of-hospital cardiac...
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